Organizations are instruments created to achieve other ends. The word organization which is derived from the Greek word ‘organon’ means a tool or instrument. Therefore, ideas such as tasks, goals, aims and objectives have become such fundamental organizational concepts. With the invention and production of machines during the industrial revolution in Europe and North America, concepts of organization really became mechanized. There is no hesitation that machines have become a very important part of our lives and has influenced every aspect of our day-to-day activities. Organizations too can be seen from a mechanical point of view. An organization that is designed and operates in machine like manner is called a bureaucratic organization. When we think of organizations as machines we see them as a machine made up of parts, where each part plays a clearly defined role in the functioning of the whole. Many of the organizations today can be seen or are expected to operate in a mechanical way. In many organizations we are expected to arrive at work on a given time, perform th...
... middle of paper ...
...rk was more efficient when broken down into parts, and the management, planning, and decision-making functions have been developed elsewhere. His approach to scientific management can be found in numerous manufacturing firms, retail organizations, and offices. It is not difficult to find examples of scientific management in the 21st Century. The car and computer manufacturing plants, the work environments, supermarkets, hospitals and some of the restaurants, almost all of them function efficiently due to the application of scientific management. In fact, these methods of working seem so commonplace and so logical to a citizen of the modern world that it is almost impossible to accept that they were revolutionary only 100 years ago.
gareth morgan; Images of organization
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Measures The measurement instrument to be used in this research study is a questionnaire that will collect socio-demographics, and examine attitudes and trends related to the constructs social support and stress levels in multicultural organizations. With the help of previous literature, a questionnaire was created which utilized concepts from the JDCS model. In order to ensure face validity, these items will be chosen from pre-existing instruments (Comins, Krogsgaard, & Brodersen, 2013). After analyzing previous literature that measured organizational support and stress, 8 indicators were selected to measure job demand, control and support in multicultural organizations.... [tags: Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient]
1181 words (3.4 pages)
- Construct validity of Meyer and Allen’s Three Component Model Pages 2 Researchers have studied the construct validity of Meyer and Allen’s (1991) three-component model of commitment along with its measures and found a strong support for the scale. Allen and Meyer (1996) reviewed the model with a revised scale by review of 40 sample and found the same validity. Despite the supportive evidence by validity among 40 samples of Allen and Meyer (1996) scale still some important matters of conceptualization and measurement are pointed out by social scientist.... [tags: Research Analysis ]
687 words (2 pages)
- In many government organizations and on project teams, there can be some confusion between what is management and what is leadership. As part of this construct, many project team members feel that the project manager (PM) is the leader of the team by the virtue or being labeled as the PM. However, leaders within the government perform some of the management tasks that most of the managers perform day-to-day tasks but also perform leadership duties as well and in this case leading and managing are completely different from each other and have different distinct responsibilities.... [tags: Management, Project management, Leadership]
965 words (2.8 pages)
- ... Factories closed down during the period of economic recession. One thing is for sure, in the recession, CRH goes through a bad time. Virtually all the companies involving real estate finance and construction project owe to lack of flow of funds in capital market, and the housing market continues to languish. Our report sets those three probabilities to moderate. Which means, more likely of 50% chance for those risks often occur in times of financial crisis. The upgrade or downgrade, is a symbolic moment for CRH and even for international finance.... [tags: identification, assessment, treatment]
3247 words (9.3 pages)
- Inefficient communication within the boundaries of the organisation can result in several departmental conflicts which affect the business entity as a whole. Internal communication plays a vital role for almost every business entity and there are several piece of evidence to support the statement. Organizations with efficient communication are flourishing and achieving their intended goals in a timely manner, while various other organisations fall short of optimum utilisation of their resource. Many other organisations are failing to succeed due to lack of information flow and improper communication channel (Hanna, 2005).... [tags: employee. collaborate, teamwork]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- What is a social work. “Social work is a profession which promotes social change and problem solving in human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance wellbeing. Utilizing theories of human behaviour and social systems, social work intervenes at the point where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work”. (Understanding Social work, Neil Thompson, 2005, page 13, 2nd Edition). Social workers convey their enthusiasm and sense of duty regarding fill in as they help construct more grounded groups, families, and people.... [tags: Social work, Sociology, Social justice]
1420 words (4.1 pages)
- When I went to college, I was exposed to all sorts of post-modern theory. It was fun to think about, even to apply – to literature, to film, sometimes to politics. But if one had told the nineteen-year-old dyke I was that someday, in the not-so-distant-future, these ideas from academia would be applied in very serious ways to women’s existence, lesbian’s existence, I wouldn’t have believed it. In fact, this is exactly what has happened in the dominant culture. We have taken post-modern theory and applied it to a subjugated class (women).... [tags: LGBT Essays]
850 words (2.4 pages)
- Social movement is a key driver of social change. Social movement can be defined as groups of individuals or organizations that have a main focus on political or social issues. The movements build off of a collective behavior to promote a particular idea that is to be implemented on a society wide scale. The Civil Rights movement is perhaps the most well-known social movement occurring in the 1960s. Its success led to the creation of many more social movements that used similar tactics to push their ideas.... [tags: Social movement, Sociology, Political movement]
1207 words (3.4 pages)
- Article Analysis: Gender as a Social Structure In Barbara J. Risman Article Gender as a Social Structure theory wrestling with activism, Risman argues the importance of recognizing and developing gender as a social structure. The author outlines the dimensions of society and argues how defining the social structure can help understand how gender relates to each. The dimension of society includes institutional,interactional and individual. Risman in the article also discusses the roles and norms the social structure has created in society for men and women and the idea that these roles and norms have created categories.... [tags: Sociology, Social structure, Gender, Gender role]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
- Social media is a well-researched topic due to the large involvement and always changing aspect it holds in today’s society. Even with the abundance of information, there are limited amount of studies on the ability for businesses to change the perception of their products to influence the attitudes and beliefs of potential customers in a negative light. The involvement of social media in a business is a critical aspect in creating a successful organization. The communicative properties that social media holds, simplifies the gaps between publics and organizations.... [tags: Social media, Web 2.0, User-generated content]
865 words (2.5 pages)