Essay on Mao Zedong And The Communist Victory

Essay on Mao Zedong And The Communist Victory

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In the aftermath of the Long March, Mao Zedong established his headquarters at Yan’an, a city in north Shaanxi in 1935. There the CCP developed political, social and economic policies which transformed the Party and gained it mass support. Dick Wilson argues that the beginnings of the policies that would lead to the Communist victory can be seen in “Mao’s opposition to the orthodoxy of the Comintern doctrine, preferring instead to tailor Marxist theory with Chinese socio-political realities.” Indeed, Mao Zedong immediately strengthened his position by claiming the ideological leadership of the CCP by publishing ‘On the New Stage’ in 1938 that called for the Sinification of Marxism. This is an important pamphlet, I’m glad to see you uncovered it in your research This was an attempt to harmonize two seemingly conflicting imperatives - adherence to the universal theory of Marxism and close attention to China’s particular characteristics: “We must put an end to writing eight-legged essays on foreign models.” Here you should briefly explain what eight-legged essays were, in order for Mao’s comment to make sense to readers As a statement of private opinion, this primary extract is of value because it allows for greater insight into the motivations of the period. In another pamphlet labelled ‘The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party,’ Mao emphasized the key role of peasant revolts, adopting Lenin’s argument that in “colonial societies revolution would be accomplished by bourgeois-democratic elements of society.” ‘New democracy’ was the term coined by Mao Zedong to denote this joint revolutionary-democratic dictatorship of several revolutionary classes led primarily by the proletariat. Good – originally I wanted to talk abo...

... middle of paper ... Yes, I think a key point to understanding the Communist victory is that they were able to present themselves to the public as a “moderate” and “sensible” choice for government. with the objective of restoring Chinese nationalism, culture and historical pride.

In conclusion, the origins of Mao’s rise to power are rooted in ideological and social factors such as the Rectification Movement and revolutionary land reforms as well as in short-term military factors such as guerilla warfare. However, it is important to note that the Nationalist government’s mismanagement of the economy was an equally decisive factor in determining the fate of the Nationalist party prior to the Civil War 1946-50. It is through such consideration that we can ultimately understand the nature of revolutionary movements and trends, and in this case, the emergence of Marxism in Central Asia.

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