Language Acquisition Principles Essay

Language Acquisition Principles Essay

Length: 1239 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Language Acquisition Principles
Stephen Krashen is one of the experts when it comes to language acquisition. He has theorized on the subject of second language acquisition for years and has been quite influential in the field of linguistics approaching the subject of second language acquisition by presenting his five hypotheses for his theory of acquiring a second language. His approach comes from his view that acquisition is obtained best through contextual conversation, which demonstrates his Acquisition-Learning hypothesis. This paper will discuss and examine Krashen’s theory which consists of his five hypotheses for second language acquisition and compare it to the method used by Aida Walqui.
Aida Walqui is yet another expert who has done remarkable work in the area of language acquisition; however, she approaches the subject from the aspect that contextual factors are involved in second language learning in the classroom. Those factors are language distance, Native language proficiency, Knowledge of the second language, dialect and register, language status, and language attitudes. Even though Krashen and Walqui are attempting to achieve a similar goal, their methodologies are different. Whereas Krashen is concerned about the Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS), Walqui is more concerned about the contextual factors of second language acquisition involving Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP).
Krashen believes the learned system to be the product of formal instruction and requires that the learner use a process that involves a study of grammar and rules. Krashen believes this method of teaching language acquisition, a learned method, is of less importance than the acquired method. His belief is t...


... middle of paper ...


... appropriateness of what Krashen says. If a teacher were to apply Krashen’s approach with students it would be helpful in developing the social skills needed for communication. Walqui’s method would be something that the teacher might use to increase a student’s academic knowledge, while increasing the opportunities for higher employment. The main difference between Walqui’s and Krashen’s approaches to learning a new language is that Walqui’s method is all about academic learning and Krashen’s is about social and comprehensible conversation.



Works Cited

http://www.sdkrashen.com/articles/Krashen_Brown_ALP.pdf Retrieved from the Internet 2/28/2011
Walqui, A. (2000, September). Contextual factors in second language acquisition. ERIC Digest (EDO-FL-00-05), http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/digest_pdfs/0005-contextual-walqui.pdf d when acquiring a language.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Language Acquisition Principles for ELL Students Essay

- Language Acquisition Principles for ELL Students Abstract Within this paper we will take a brief look at the Language Acquisition Principles and how they work on the behalf of ELL students. We will see how these principles can be applied within our own learning environment. There is much information from Walqui article that gives a brief overview of ELL students and how things looked in the past for these students. Now that times has change we will see how educators can make the requirements for ELL students better and more effective for teacher and students....   [tags: Language]

Strong Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

Language Acquisition Principles Essay

- Stephen Krashen is one of the experts when it comes to language acquisition. He has theorized on the subject of second language acquisition for years and has been quite influential in this field of linguistics. He approaches the subject of second language acquisition by presenting his five theories for acquiring a second language. Aida Walqui is another expert; however, she approaches the subject from the aspect that contextual factors are involved in second language learning. Even though Krashen and Walqui are attempting to achieve a similar goal, their methodologies are different....   [tags: Language ]

Strong Essays
1076 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Acquisition of Language in Children

- Possessing a language is a quintessentially human trait, yet the acquisition of language in children is not perfectly understood. Most explanations involve the observation that children mimic what they hear and the assumption that human beings have a natural ability to understand grammar. Behaviorist B.F. Skinner originally proposed that language must be learned and cannot be a module. The mind consisted of sensorimotor abilities as well as laws of learning that govern gradual changes in an organism’s behavior (Skinner, B.F., 1957)....   [tags: Chomsky, Language Acquisition]

Strong Essays
2175 words (6.2 pages)

Innateness of Children’s Language Acquisition Essay

- The subtlety of language acquisition has been the most fundamental question in the study of linguistics and human development. From Bow-wow Theory to Yo-He-Ho Theory, major theories on the origins and learnability of language have emerged in mid-20th century and heavily debated ever since. Among them, the idea of universal grammar in which is usually credited to linguist Noam Chomsky, remains the most notable and controversial theory over time. He introduced and developed the theory from 1950s to 1970s, as he proposed and championed linguistic nativism in language acquisition....   [tags: universal grammar, language acquisition]

Strong Essays
1384 words (4 pages)

Language Acquisition, Roles Of Family, Culture And Community Essay

- This discussion explains what teachers can do to promote Dai’s learning and socialisation. Throughout this discussion theoretical approaches and strategies for working with Dai are addressed. Language acquisition, roles of family, culture and community are considered, with strands and principles within Te Whāriki acknowledged. Dispositional learning is defined and how it promotes learning and socialisation. Ways of ensuring Dai’s voice in regards to learning and development are woven throughout this discussion....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Strong Essays
1627 words (4.6 pages)

Second Language Acquisition in Childhood Essay

- Children acquire their native language, which fall within a wide range of languages, at a very early stage of development. During development, a child begins to show signs of verbal communication, usually starting out as cooing, babbling, recognizable words, and later two or more word sentences. This occurrence is also seen in the development of second languages. Second language acquisition is the study of how second languages are typically developed. The process of acquiring our native language is very similar and influential to the development of a second language....   [tags: Language]

Strong Essays
1204 words (3.4 pages)

Learning A Second Language Acquisition Essay

- Second Language Acquisition As globalization become more embedded in daily life, second language acquisition is considered as a necessary for people to be more engaged in the modern society. However, learning a second language is not an easy task. In order to acquire a second language in a more effective way, issues concerning the role of consciousness in foreign language learning have been raised. While there are general debates about the best way of learning a second language, I will advocate for the position that unconscious learning is taking place as a significant portion of second language acquisition....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Strong Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Language Acquisition And Its Effects On Children Essay

- People use spoken language every day, which makes it quintessentially human. They use it for communication, which can occur verbally, written, or in gestures. As simple as it may seem, language is complex. It contains numerous sound systems that allow people to use distinct words. However, man is not born knowing any language. Babies have to learn how to speak, as they grow. Children acquire their first language through relating pre-existing notions with language. Furthermore, they could also learn from nothing and work their way up in discovering what is and is not characterized in language....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition, Dyslexia]

Strong Essays
1450 words (4.1 pages)

Language Acquisition And Its Impact On Culture Essay

- Language acquisition still remains a debatable question in terms of nature or nurture being the guiding force, with neither side willing to concede defeat. The debate has seen the proposal and development of several hypotheses regarding the course through which people acquire both the first and the second language. Another factor that complicates the hypothesis in the discussion of the elemental subject of language is the aspect of diversity in culture and population. Consequently, in evaluating various cognitive and affective theories as they debug the myths regarding language acquisition, it is essential to consider diverse aspects of the mentioned issues....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics, Noam Chomsky]

Strong Essays
1164 words (3.3 pages)

Developing Language Acquisitions Essays

- Students learning English are expected to learn the foreign language, English based on various experiments, studies, concepts, and theories. However, focusing on the principles of learning a new language sets forth high standards if applied appropriately. Learning English inquires language acquisition principles that will focus on learning strategies, content, context, meaning and knowledge. The article Principles of Instructed Second Language Acquisition by Rod Ellis is a very meaningful article that acknowledges and explains in detail the principles of language acquisition and how to imply such learning principles within the classroom setting....   [tags: Language ]

Strong Essays
919 words (2.6 pages)