Juvenile Delinquency And The Juvenile Justice System Essay

Juvenile Delinquency And The Juvenile Justice System Essay

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In most states juvenile delinquency are criminal acts committed by minors’ ages 10 to 18 years old, the crimes are categorized as status offenders or delinquent offenders. Offenses committed by status offenders can only be committed because the offender is a minor, such as running away from home, truancy and underage drinking. (Mooney, pg 115) then there are delinquent offenders whose offenses would be a crime if they were committed by an adult. Depending on the nature of the crime, minors are tried in a juvenile justice system or can be transferred to the adult justice system. According to the Campaign for Youth Justice, it is estimated 1.7 million youths are in the juvenile justice system with 100,000 cases being heard in juvenile court annually. Currently, it is estimated that 70% of the youths arrested are boys and 30% are girls, although African-Americans make up only 17% of the total youth population, they are 30% more likely than white youth to face harsher sentences and be transferred into the adult justice system. In regards to juvenile delinquency we should also note statistics say once a youth enters the juvenile justice system to the point of incarceration their chances of recidivism increases and the adult justice system is inevitable.
Research tells us there is no single risk factor that can explain juvenile delinquency, however there are contributing factors that increase the likelihood of delinquency in youth and a cumulative of three or more only makes the likelihood that much greater. Here is some of the contributing factors research has found; adolescent poverty, health problems, family problems, substandard living conditions, and inadequate educational opportunity (Siegel, L and Welsh, B., 2012). Psycho...


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...e contributing factors of juvenile delinquency is African –Americans can be consistent with the Conflict theory which perspective was introduced by Karl Marx a philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary who says “Our society is in perpetual conflict due to the competition for limited resources. Additionally the Conflict Theory holds that social order is maintained by dominance and power rather than consensus and conformity.” What Marx refers to is in our society we are defined by social classes: Capitalist (very wealthy), Bourgeois (middle-class) and Underclass (poor). In applying the conflict theory to juvenile delinquency we need to look at how disproportionately poor minority youths are ending up in the juvenile justice system and how class bias by police and court system prejudice contribute to another form of suppression of a disadvantaged group.

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Juvenile Delinquency And The Juvenile Justice System Essay

- In most states juvenile delinquency are criminal acts committed by minors’ ages 10 to 18 years old, the crimes are categorized as status offenders or delinquent offenders. Offenses committed by status offenders can only be committed because the offender is a minor, such as running away from home, truancy and underage drinking. (Mooney, pg 115) then there are delinquent offenders whose offenses would be a crime if they were committed by an adult. Depending on the nature of the crime, minors are tried in a juvenile justice system or can be transferred to the adult justice system....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Juvenile delinquency]

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