How would you feel if the police arrested kids all over our country to jail for just crossing the street the wrong way or pushing another kid on the playground? That is what is happening to many underage juvenile all over the United States; they are being sent to adult prisons for crimes that do not deserve such severe punishments. Why they were tried as adults is an enigma and we will explain why this is a terrible injustice. In 1899 children in between the ages of 7-14 were believed they were incapable of committing criminal intent. The court system back then believed that if enough evidence could be gathered to convince a jury, the underage person would be convicted and sent to an adult prison.
Well, according to Craig and Glick (http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2000/2/00.02.07.x.html#h), there are three causes behind juvenile delinquency. These are 1) careless or inadequate supervision by the mother or surrogate mother; 2) erratic or overly strict discipline; and 3) lack of cohesiveness of the family unit. A more strict and firm discipline action can be taken to help reduce a child becoming delinquent. So what are some of the crimes that juveniles commit? Well, in some instances, that depends on the area and the teens upbringing as well as their surroundings.
It is true that teens sent to an adult prison disciplines them. There are many cases that involve murders, rapists, and other criminals that are being released from trials without being tried as an adult. Teenagers should be able to know the difference ... ... middle of paper ... ...in jail for a long period of time may lead them into becoming better criminals. Anna Aizer of Brown University and Joseph Doyle of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology researched and compared lives of imprisoned teenagers and non-imprisoned, and how it affected them in life. In their research they found out that young offenders who were incarcerated were sixty-seven percent more likely to be in jail by the age of 25 than similar young offenders who didn't go to prison.
Alexus Ellis English 11 Mrs. Murphy 12 February 2014 Should Juveniles be tried as an adult? In some states “Juvenile” is the age of seventeen and younger. All states are different juveniles can also be an adult anywhere between 15 or 18 (Merrefield). If any juvenile commits a crime that an adult would get charged for and get served prison time a juvenile should as well. If the juvenile has committed crimes such as murder, possessing any illegal drugs, or maybe did something to get fined, they should pay the amount of money like an adult.
There are some crimes that involve more than one juvenile. All will be arrested if the police know of the identities of such individuals. The arrest may include an adult, in which he or she will be charged as an adult in the adult system, juveniles in juvenile system. If the offense if severe, the District Attorney can seek transfer on the youth to the adult system ("Juvenile Statistics 2008,” 2011). In 2008 simple assault arrests for males have decreased by 6%, increased for females by 12%.
A juvenile drug court, as defined by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention is "a juvenile drug court is defined as a drug court that focuses on juvenile delinquency (e.g., criminal) matters and status offenses (e.g., truancy) that involve substance-abusing juveniles." (OJJDP; Juvenile and Family Drug Courts: An Overview, November 1996) Another way to look at juvenile drug courts is that they are special courts that provide judicial supervision for nonviolent juvenile offenders as they participate in addictions treatment services. Through an intensive, long-term program lasting from nine to 12 months, drug treatment courts monitor the offenders' progress in treatment in an effort to stop their use of drugs, end their involvement in crime and improve their ability to function as responsible citizens and family members. The courts hold the offenders accountable for their progress in the program by requiring ... ... middle of paper ... ...continue and spread throughout our great nation. I think all the judicial systems need to be broken down into more specialized programs like the family, adult, and juvenile drug courts.
In the spirit of ensuring that trials against children were handled in a speedy and in a confidential manner, children below fourteen years were tried immediately before two magistrates (19th Century Bedford Gaol). These early ref... ... middle of paper ... ... been recognized as criminal proceedings. The double jeopardy clause in the Fifth Amendment prohibits the state from trying an offender as juvenile and later as an adult for the same crime. Works Cited Einstein law, (2008). Lawyershop.com.
It is easy for people to view “juvenile delinquents” as thugs or criminals. The reality is many of these so called “delinquents” has either been abused, lack proper supervision and support, or have been untreated fairly in schools. In juvenile cases children are alleged to have broken a law or (laws) starting from staying out pass curfews to a charge of murder. There are special procedures that have been created to deal with youth who have broken the law. There are five basics on juvenile delinquency.
Throughout the history in the article “Early in U.S. history, children who broke the law were treated the same as adult criminals” (1999) that was written by the Bulletin: Juvenile Justice, explains around the nineteenth century, young children at age seven who are accused for a dishonest behavior were to be imprisoned either with the adult or sentenced to death if found guilty on stand trial in criminal court offenses (1999). In early 1825, the society for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency was supporting the separation of juvenile and adult offender because many States took the responsibilities for utilizing the juvenile facilities when the youth were under various abuses (1999). Things had changed by the year of 1925, when all but
Juveniles are sent to receive psychological, educational and risk assessments to determine which type of facility they will be placed in. the juvenile offenders that are held in long-term confinements are those who have committed a criminal law violation for adults. In the year 2008, there were 81,000 juveniles confined in public and privately operated facilities throughout the United States (Seiter, pg.249). The number of juveniles in residential incarceration facilities is still declining today. Education in juvenile facilities is one of the main focuses, GED programs are almost always offered to juveniles.