preview

The Causes of Juvenile Delinquency and Crime

Powerful Essays
The social environment of teens holds an enormous influence on how the teens act and behave. Teens are easily influenced by their surroundings and they look to others for guidance. Their behavior results from that of the parent and peer influences. Parents play a particularly influential role in their child’s life and it is up to them to make sure that they are leading their sons or daughters in the right directions. A teen’s peers also play a large role in how the teen behaves when the parents are not around. A teen’s social environment, consisting of family and peers, plays a vital role in their life, therefore becoming the ultimate cause of juvenile delinquency.

A finding that emerges very strongly and consistently is that delinquents have very poor relationships with their parents” (Gove 303-304). The teens who commit crimes often lack a parental figure in their lives. These teens are not strictly overseen by their parents, and their parents rarely know what they are up to or what they are doing (Gove 303). “Poor parent-child relationships, lack of parental control, and erratic behavior of parents could be a product of juvenile misbehavior and the juvenile’s hostility towards his or her parents” (Gove 304). Teens that do not have a close relationship with their parents often resort to delinquency as a form of resentment. “The family as an institution plays a critical role in the socialization of children; as a consequence, parents presumably play a critical role in whether their children misbehave” (Gove 315). Parents play the biggest role in a child’s life because the parents have been with the child since birth. Parents shape, mold, and provide the foundation that a teen needs to make hard decisions and to live by a good m...

... middle of paper ...

...rs and delinquency: how do peers matter?" Social Forces 84.2 (2005): 1109+. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 22 Mar. 2011.

Johnson, Elizabeth I., and Jane Waldfogel. "Parental Incarceration: Recent Trends and Implications for Child Welfare." The Social Service Review Vol. 76.No. 3 (September 2002): 460-79. JSTOR. Web. 15 Mar. 2011.

Salzman, Mark. True Notebooks: a Writer's Year at Juvenile Hall. New York: Vintage, 2004. Print.

Simmons, Charlene W. "Children of Incarcerated Parents." CRB Note 7.2 (March 2000): 1-11. California Research Bureau, Califonia State Library. Web. 15 Mar. 2011.

Warr, Mark. "Parents, Peers, and Delinquency." Social Forces Vol. 72.No. 1 (Sep., 1993): 247-64. JSTOR. Web. 15 Mar. 2011.

Widom, Cathy S. "Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Later Criminal Consequences." Trooper (March 1995): 1-8. NCJRS. Web. 15 Mar. 2011.
Get Access