Women in Pakistan face several challenges due to their economic, social, and cultural status. They constitute 52% of the total population of Pakistan but unfortunately, they function from a subordinate position inherit in both traditional and state institutions. The Gender-Related Development Index (GDI) helps us to understand gender inequalities and its connection to vulnerability, particularly inequalities between men and women. When this measure is taken into consideration, Pakistan ranks 152 of 155 countries which show greater gender disparity. A similar index on gender issues is the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM), which takes into account gender inequality in economic and political spheres. According to the United Nations Development Programme (2009), Pakistan ranked 99 out of 109 countries for which data are available.
These facts shows that Pakistani women grow up with limited opportunities to access education and basic necessities of life which further limit their capability to earn a living, and force them to seek employment in informal sectors more than three fourths of the economically active women in urban areas are employed in the informal sector(ADB,2000). The existence of informal economy reveals the potential of entrepreneurship and provides an opportunity to utilize it as an agent for change.
Inflation, high unemployment, and increasing poverty have put a lot of pressure on government to make strategies of empowering women and made them an economically active member of society. On the other hand government is not being able to create huge number of jobs in formal sector in the current situation of economic and political instability. In this scenario it is important to harn...
... middle of paper ...
...th micro finance: Evidence from Bangladesh” The University of Chicago
Rehman,M.H.& Naoroze, K.(2007).women empowerment through participant in aquaculture: experience of a large-scale thecnology demonstration project in Bangladesh. Journal of social science, 3(4),164-171.
Sharma. R. P, 2007. “Micro-finance and Women Empowerment” The Journal of Nepalese Business Studies, 4(1)
Swain, R., &Wallentin Y. (2007).Dose microfinance Empower women Evidence from self help group in India pp. 26 a
Weiss, John; Montgomery, heather & Kurmanalieva, Elvira (2003). “Micro Finance and Poverty Reduction in Asia: What is the Evidence”? ADB Institute, Research Paper, Working Paper Series (53).
World Bank, Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice—Summary (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2001); www.worldbank.org/gender/prr/engendersummary.pdf.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The emerging field of social entrepreneurship calls for a need for new integrated theories to contribute to the discipline and help grow the field. Social Entrepreneurship has been a topic of academic interest for the past few decades; however, there has been little scholarly output in mainstream journals (Short, Moss, & Lumpkin 2009). Social entrepreneurship is commonly defined as “entrepreneurial activity with an embedded social purpose” (Austin et al. 2006). Social entrepreneurs play a role of change agents in society by adopting missions to create and sustain social value.... [tags: social impact, social entrepreneurship]
1552 words (4.4 pages)
- I believe that being Entrepreneur is an American dream; who would not want to choose their own hours and have a successful business that they could leave behind as a legacy. I also believe that they are very few people that have the skills and qualities to be successful at achieving entrepreneurship; this is partly due to many Entrepreneurs lacking the skills to build around their vision. I thinks that’s why some people believe that entrepreneurs are born and not made, for it is indicated in our assigned reading Entrepreneurship 8th Edition, that the working definition of acquiring and maintain Entrepreneurship is described as ““Entrepreneurship being in the process of cre... [tags: Entrepreneurship]
885 words (2.5 pages)
- Drucker and Entrepreneurship’s Impact on Quality of Life The late Peter F. Drucker wrote extensively on management, innovation, and entrepreneurship. In his writings, Drucker credited the “discipline of innovation,” or systematic management practices, as being the engine behind entrepreneurial success (1984, 1987, 1998). Furthermore, Drucker (1998) defined innovation as “the effort to create purposeful, focused change in an enterprise’s economic or social potential.” Morris and Lewis (1991) offered a model to examine the effects of entrepreneurship on the quality of life in seven domains: economic, health, social, technological, work, institutional, and ecological.... [tags: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Joseph Schumpeter]
1065 words (3 pages)
- Entrepreneurship is as vital as blood to the sustainability of any body of people that make up a nation. The trends in this nation go from alarmingly large gaps between the rich and the poor (57.8% highest in the world) to the highest unemployment rates in sub-Saharan Africa which translate into a need for about 5 to 6 million jobs. Defined as “the act of initiating, creating, building an entrepreneurial team, and gathering the necessary resources to exploit an opportunity in the marketplace for long-term wealth and capital gain” (Van Aardt, 2011), entrepreneurship, amongst other things, is the only way that the before mentioned gap can be eradicated increasing the competitiveness of our nat... [tags: Entrepreneurship, FNB, BEE]
1284 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction Suhas Gopinath’s mother feared for his future. He was more interested in website development than his academics. He spent hours in an internet café peering over online tutorials after school hours in India. When he failed his mathematics exam, his mother ordered him to focus only on academics. Left with no option, Suhas waited for his summers. Soon, at a young age of 14, he was a website development freelancer for many companies in the United States. He welcomed adulthood by registering his venture “Globals Inc” in the United States.... [tags: youth entrepreneurship]
2652 words (7.6 pages)
- I. Introduction Staffing, Communication, Alliance-Building, Lobbying, Earnings-Generation, Replication, and Stimulating Market Forces (Bloom and Chatterji, 2008) are all factors in scaling social entrepreneurships. Social entrepreneurships serving various demographics deal with external factors that have large influences on how they conduct their day-to-day business. Due to the various dynamics, it takes to sustain social entrepreneurships scaling in any form, shape, or fashion is a difficult task to accomplish.... [tags: Non-profit organization, Non-profit organizations]
2279 words (6.5 pages)
- There are wide array of definitions on how to describe Social Entrepreneurship as an agent of change, from numerous essays and articles. But how can one truly be an agent of change. The answer lies into those providing general meaning of entrepreneurs as agents of change, direct to the point features that identify these entrepreneurs, and finally those concentrating on a specific facet that may set apart entrepreneurs to be identified as an “entrepreneur of change”. Firstly, authors use wide variations of different analogies, theories and examples in a way they can best define entrepreneurs as agents of change.... [tags: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur, Joseph Schumpeter]
896 words (2.6 pages)
- Online social entrepreneurship has become commonplace in today’s global economy owning to an eruption of technologies that support online business. Similar to conventional social entrepreneurship, online social entrepreneurship embodies the concept of service and facilitation through employment opportunities, creation of new markets, introduction of new products and services and philanthropic initiatives. The objective of this paper is not only to try and explain the meaning of online social entrepreneurship, but also to investigate what causes it to succeed.... [tags: Entrepreneurship, Joseph Schumpeter, Innovation]
1289 words (3.7 pages)
- The Journey Thus Far and What Lies Ahead What art we to speaketh of. This essay aims to examine the academic literature on entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. It will then proceed to articulate any associations or inconsistencies between the definitions established from literature and the real world examples of entrepreneurs which will encompass individuals running small businesses in counties to founders that are now in-charge of multi-million/billion dollar operations. Subsequently, by employing reflective thinking, this essay will recollect and review the teachings of this course thus far.... [tags: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneur, Elon Musk]
1000 words (2.9 pages)
- According to Henry, Hill & Leitch (2003) the word entrepreneur was derived from the French word ‘entreprendre’ which means to undertake, and the first person who introduced and used the word of entrepreneur was Richard Cantillon (1680-1734), an Irish economist. Cantillon defined entrepreneur as a person with the foresight and confidence to work in conditions when costs may be known, but rewards are uncertain (Bridge, O’Neill & Cromie 1998). Therefore, it can be concluded that entrepreneurship demands foresight and willingness to assume risk (Landstrom 1997, cited in Corbetta, Huse & Rovasi 2004).... [tags: Business Entrepreneur Entrepreneurship Essays]
1726 words (4.9 pages)