Robert Levy argued that feelings are not necessarily emotions. It all depends on the relationship between the person and something else. A feeling tends to provoke some sense of action. In addition, feeling is the physiological state of an individual, or something inside of that person. The example used in class is the statement, “I am wet.” We explained this by saying that the feeling is what happens when some part of a person’s body enters conscious awareness. Another example could be breathing. We do not spend our time consciously taking each breath. We just breathe without ever really noticing it, unless something happens, such as breathing harder than normal after running.
A feeling becomes an emotion if you understand it as being connected with the wider environment or other social relationships. Going back to the example of “I am wet”, a person could expand this into an emotion by saying, “I am wet because someone pushed me into the pond, and now I am angry with him or her.” Two people may have the same feeling, but it might or might not be an emotion. Emotions are feelings, but not all feelings are emotions.
On page 223 of the article, in section five, Levy discusses a model of emotion, with four steps. The first step is the appraisal of the eliciting situation. The second step is the conscious awareness of feeling, or the physiological response. This only occurs if the response is strong enough to enter into conscious awareness. This step is also the most biologically grounded, or universal, of the four steps. The third step if the cognitive evaluation of the feeling. This is the step when the feeling becomes the emotion. In other words, the feeling triggers the emotion. This is typically a matter of cultur...
... middle of paper ...
...gical basis of feeling, it is entirely possible for everyone to experience emotion in the same manner, but culture has an impact.
Levy argued for universal feelings, but never said that we all express emotions in the same manner. Gerber’s argument is that while we may all have a universal set of feelings, we may not experience emotion in the same way. Chapter 10 discussed how emotions are thought about differently in various cultures. While some researchers will argue that these emotions are universal, there seems to be little agreement, which makes me believe that there are not universal emotions, and that the theories about universal feelings are more accurate. I conclude by saying that all humans have the potential to experience emotions the same way due to a universal set of feelings, but culture intervenes and causes us to experience emotions in different ways.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The novel, Small Island, by the contemporary writer, Andrea Levy chronicles the lives of a handful of British individuals in the years following the Second World War. The characters and their interactions make up the entirety of the plot, with their interactions whole-heartedly representing post World War Two cultural and political change. The main characters represent certain aspects of this change that occurred in post-war British society. Hortense Gilbert represents a pretentious, romanticized, fleeting vision of the Empire in which Britain once found much pride.... [tags: British Empire, United Kingdom, World War II]
1155 words (3.3 pages)
Computer Evolution Evidenced in the essays "Toward An Intelligence Beyond Man’s" by Robert Jastrow and "The AI Revolution Is On" by Steven Levy
- ... He said the history had proved it takes a million year for human evolution. It took less time , compare to a billion years of evolution from worm to human. By the incredibly fast rate of technology improvement, Jastrow thought computer will evolve in a much shorter period of time. In the essay "The AI Revolution Is On" by Steven Levy, the author stated how new vision of computer intelligence are differ from the past years’, and how useful they are in today’s daily life. Levy used Diapers.com as an example of AI’s application in real world.... [tags: evolution, brain, human]
649 words (1.9 pages)
- Robert Browning wrote the two poems, "My Last Duchess" and "Porphyria's Lover." Both poems convey an thoughtful, examination profound commentary about the concept of love. communicates two interpretations concerning Both poems describe the behavior of people who are in loving, romantic relationships. There are several aspects common in both poems. Using the literary technique of dramatic dialogue, the author reveals the plot and central idea of each poem. Robert Browning tells each poetic story through a single speaker.... [tags: Robert Browning]
1244 words (3.6 pages)
- In 1962 Robert Hayden wrote a collection of poems entitled Ballads of Remembrance. This collection is comprised of 36 poems that are separated into 4 groups. Each group refers to a different focus of remembrance; for example, one group focuses on the struggle of African Americans in terms of finding identity and a sense of transcendence. "Those Winter Sundays" is part of the group of poems that focuses on remembrances of Hayden’s childhood, past, and personal struggles. Hayden had an extremely harsh and conflicted childhood.... [tags: Robert Hayden]
559 words (1.6 pages)
- Shoemaker - Levy 9 Over 200 million Megatons of dynamite collide with Jupiter. In July 1994 Shoemaker - Levy 9 collided with Jupiter. What is Shoemaker - Levy 9, and how was it discovered. What is Jupiter, and why did Shoemaker - Levy 9 collide with it. Can an event like this happen to Earth. I will answer these questions in this report. But let me start by telling you what Shoemaker - Levy 9 is. Shoemaker - Levy 9 is a comet, a small irregular mass made up of rocks and frozen gasses. Comets follow large orbits from around the Sun to the outer corners of our solar system.... [tags: essays research papers]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- Robert Frost's The Oven Bird In his 1916 poem "The Oven Bird" (Baym, Vol. D 1188), Robert Frost chooses a title that presents a single, natural image of a particular species of bird. The title not only identifies this "mid-summer and...mid-wood" bird as the "singer everyone has heard" in the first line, it also establishes the "nature image" as a main theme in the poem. The bird's song presents images of "solid tree trunks," "flowers," and "pear and cherry bloom," while imposing its individual voice on the landscape.... [tags: Robert Frost]
1728 words (4.9 pages)
- Robert Browning used his poetry as a way of self-determination as many of the ideas expressed in his poems go against the current of the Victorian era. His poetry should be included in the texts list for the HSC because they not only offer examples of classic poetry but also provide insights into the 19th century English society in terms of behaviour, gender roles and religion. Three poems that are fine examples of this are "Porphyria's Lover", "My Last Duchess" and "The Laboratory." "Porphyria's lover" presents a man who is so restricted by his society's traditions and mores that he is driven to murder and sees it as a just action.... [tags: Robert Browning]
1713 words (4.9 pages)
- Wet Seal started as a bikini shack in Newport Beach, CA in 1962. By the mid 1980’s they were known for offering trendy clothes to the most fashionable customers in Orange County. Wet Seal sold the right merchandise at the right time, and by 1995 they had enough capitol to buy 237 Contempo Casual stores from the Neiman Marcus Group. When Wet Seal went public in 1996 they realized they needed a marketplace for 20-35 year old females with a more contemporary look. With that thought, then CEO, Kathy Bronstein, created Arden B.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1147 words (3.3 pages)
- Robert Owen was born in Newtown, Montgomeryshire (Wales) on May 14, 1771, the sixth of seven children. His father was a sadler and ironmonger who also served as local postmaster; his mother came from one of the prosperous farming families of Newtown. Owen attended the local school where he developed a strong passion for reading. At the age of ten he was sent to seek his fortune in London with his eldest brother, William. After a few weeks, Owen found a position in a large drapery business in Stamford (Lincolnshire) where he served as an apprentice.... [tags: Biography Robert Owen]
1719 words (4.9 pages)
- Robert Frost Robert Frost, an Americian poet of the late 19th century, used nature in many of his writings. This paper will discuss the thought process of Frost during his writings, the many tools which he used, and provide two examples of his works. Robert Frost was born in San Franciso on March 26, 1874, but later moved to Lawrence, Massachuschusetts (after his father died) where he did most of his writing. He was a simple man who taught, worked in a mill, was a reporter, was a New England farmer, and wrote.... [tags: Robert Frost Poet Poems Essays]
1232 words (3.5 pages)