Human Albinism Affects the Production of Melatonin Essay

Human Albinism Affects the Production of Melatonin Essay

Length: 698 words (2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Albinism or Albino is a disorder that’s inherited that affects the production of melatonin. There are two types of albinism Ocular and Oculocutaneous. In general, a person affected by oculocutaneous has very pale skin, no pigmentation of hair (so a near white colored hair), and very light colored around the eye. There is a type of albinism that only affects the eyes that make the irises very pale to not very existent this is called ocular albinism. In the U.S., albinism isn’t a big problem but in Australia, Tanzania, and Pacific Island countries have huge impacts of albinism. In most of the world there is a 1 in 50,000 chance you’ll have a child that will be albino, but in Tanzania there is a 1 in 1,400 it’s likely to have a child that’s albino. The symptoms of albinism are patches of skin that are missing color, lighter than normal skin, absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye and associated with cross eyes (strabismus), light sensitivity, rapid eye movement, and blindness. [] People with albinism have a greater chance to develop skin cancer due to the fact melatonin is so low or none is present to make the skin burn in sun light. To find out if someone has albinism generally a health provider would have blood test taken in the womb of the mother before the child is born. Also, genetic testing may occur to see if albinism has occurred. Albinism affects the body by not producing melatonin which makes the skin pale, very light colored hair, and very light colored irises because of a very low production of melatonin they are very susceptible to getting sun burnt and having skin cancer. Because of very light colored irises, eye problems can occur which is primarily the only health problem a ...

... middle of paper ...

...r students writing a report on albunism . (1995). Retrieved from
6. Roger W. Harms, M. D. U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Library of Medicine. (2014). Oculocutaneous Albinism. Retrieved from U.S. National Library of Medicine website:
7. Sims, Judith; Turkington, Carol. "Albinism." Gale Encyclopedia of Children's Health: Infancy through Adolescence. 2006. Retrieved February 08, 2014 from
8. The Nemours Foundation. (2010, July). Albinism. Retrieved from
9. Smith, A. (2014, February 3). Hunted, stereotyped and misunderstood: living with albinism. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects Of Artificial Light On Melatonin And Circadian Rhythms Essay

- Negative Consequences of Artificial Light on Melatonin and Circadian Rhythms Introduction Artificial light has many adverse effects on humans and the environment. It is responsible for various functions within the human body, including cellular responses, mutations and melatonin productions. Specifically, it impacts circadian rhythms within humans by disrupting our internal master clock. Circadian rhythms are governed by the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) that is the master clock within our bodies (Foulkes et al....   [tags: Circadian rhythm, Melatonin]

Better Essays
731 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on The Effect Of Electronic Devices On Human Sleep Patterns

- The purpose of this report is to examine the effects of electronic devices on human sleeping patterns. Blue light emitted from electronic devices negatively affects human circadian rhythm. This subject primarily affects electronic device users. The issue is that when device users are exposed to large amounts of blue light, their sleep cycles are affected. Device users may have difficulty falling asleep and the biological clock cannot maintain a regular sleep schedule. Even though this phenomenon affects all electronic device users, this report will primarily focus on studies performed in Western countries....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Melatonin, Pineal gland]

Better Essays
1553 words (4.4 pages)

Questions On The Sleep Disorders Experienced By Mrs A Essay

- leep and Dreaming Open Book Assessment 1.Use two approaches to explain the following case study of the sleep disorders experienced by Mrs A. One approach to explain Mrs A’s sleep disorder is by using the Biological approach which believes us to be as a consequence of our genetics and physiology. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviors from a biological and thus physical point of view. Mrs A. is experiencing Insomnia due to disturbing her Circadian rhythm which are a variety of behavioural and physiological functions synchronised to the 24 cycle of light and dark These include heart rate, breathing, alertness, excretion and a metabolic rae....   [tags: Sleep, Circadian rhythm, Melatonin, Psychology]

Better Essays
1075 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Quality of Light Affects Quality of Life

- Quality of Light Affects Quality of Life Light pollution affects the lives of people around the world. It comes in a variety of forms and can be a nuisance, wasteful, and harmful. It may be a street light shining in a window, a high energy bill, or the absence of stars in the sky. Light pollution is a growing problem as human populations continue to thrive, land is increasingly developed, and Earth’s precious resources are consumed. In order to reduce current levels of light pollution and to keep the problem from escalating out of control, action must take place....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Better Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Human Growth Hormone

- Human Growth Hormone Human Growth Hormone is a chemical formula that prevents biological aging. To most people, the only thing known to do the same as HGH is "the fountain of youth". HGH is one of many endocrine hormones found in the human anotomy, like estrogen, progestorene, testosterone, melatonin and DHEA, which decline in production with age. Many of these hormones can be replaced to deter some of the effects of aging. HGH is by far more superior than any other of the hormones not only because it prevents aging, but also reverses most of the signs and symptoms associated with aging....   [tags: Biology]

Free Essays
299 words (0.9 pages)

Human Trafficking Affects Everyone? Essay

- Human trafficking affects everyone. Even if someone does not actually deal with the trafficking itself. Everything from where your food comes from and packaged, the cotton in your clothes, and how the economy is effected. Many girls are taken from their families and forced into slavery, normally with debt. Siri, a fourteen year old girl tells her story. She was approached by a woman who promised her a good job with lots of money. The woman gave $2000 to her family in what she said was an advance....   [tags: Human trafficking, Slavery, Smuggling]

Better Essays
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Human Trafficking Affects Everyone? Essay

- Human trafficking affects everyone, even if someone does not actually deal with the trafficking itself. A large portion of people’s lives are affected, such as, where food comes from and packaged, the cotton in clothes, and how the economy works. Girls are often taken from their families and forced into slavery, normally with debt. Siri, a fourteen year old girl tells her story. She was approached by a woman who promised her a job with plenty of money. The woman gave $2000 to her family in what she said was an advance....   [tags: Human trafficking, Slavery, Smuggling]

Better Essays
1498 words (4.3 pages)

Melatonin And The Pineal Gland Essays

- Melatonin And The Pineal Gland Set deep in our brains is a tiny gland called the pineal gland. This tiny gland is in charge of the endocrine system, the glandular system that controls most of our bodily functions. The pineal runs our Œbody clocks', and it produces melatonin; the hormone that may prove to be the biggest medical discovery since penicilin, and the key to controlling the aging process. The pineal gland controls such functions as our sleeping cycle and the change of body temperature that we undergo with the changing seasons....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
2138 words (6.1 pages)

Essay on Melatonin

- Melatonin: The Myths and Facts Melatonin is a hormone produced in the pineal gland. The pineal gland is about the size of a pea and is located in the center of the brain ( Melatonin is secreted at night or in the dark ( It is used to regulate the sleeping cycle. It is also found to correlate with a lot of other functions and problems in the body. Because of its many uses, melatonin is being manufactured by pharmaceutical companies as a dietary supplement....   [tags: Pharmacy Neurology Sleeping Papers]

Free Essays
2163 words (6.2 pages)

Effects of Cocaine, Seratonin and Melatonin on the Brain Essay

-     Abstract: The human brain is the most complex organ in the body. Its functions control every aspect of life. It is important to attempt to comprehend the workings of the brain and to learn the effects of natural and unnatural substances on it. In order to look at chemical effects on the brain, one must first get an understanding for the chemicals as well as how the brain works to interpret and react to signals set out by these chemicals, rhythmically and physiologically. Several chemicals observed include: cocaine (and other chemicals), seratonin, and melatonin....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Better Essays
2627 words (7.5 pages)