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Today in class we focused on chapter 16. In chapter 16 we that when the French Third Estate moved to gain more rights and political power, it had sparked a revolution that changed both France and Europe. The middle class and peasantry benefited from the initial period of the revolution, the French urban population led the country toward an establishment of a republic. The French society suffered a great deal of oppression known as the Terror. A ruthless soldier, by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte, took advantage of the opportunities opened by the revolution. He then created an empire with himself at the head. The influence of the revolution and its ideals had spread far beyond French borders and as a result of the revolution. Napoleon's military had gone on many conquests. The French Revolution left several legacies, of which the most important were the notions that revolution could topple any government and that a charismatic leader could seize
power. Both of these ideas would influence future French revolutions.
The new Britain
July 24, 2006
Today in class we discuss the industrial revolution of 1780-1850 and how it transformed the economic and social life in Britain. Industrialization had started because Britain enjoyed the many advantages over the rest of Europe and had already undergone an agricultural revolution. During the Industrial Revolution era, new machines and the expansion of factories changed the traditional economy, mainly based on agriculture and handicrafts that was made. Movements of population spread as industrial cities and towns became more up to date in the country. The industrial wealth translated into Britain's greater power in relations with both European neighbors and non-European societies. Industrialization made the health and living conditions bad in the new cities, especially for the poor, work-related injuries went up and disease spread. The industrialization changed the tradition within the family life and also changed the image of the family as an economic unit. Workers organized unions and thought of themselves as a class in ways they had not.
French and Industrial Revolution
July 25, 2006
Today in class we talked about the political and social changes brought by the French Revolution and Industrial Revolution. The powers of the European conservatism tried to hold them back. Austria, Prussia, and Russia were especially intent on preserving monarchies and political power in the hands of the traditional ruling class.
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Headed for greatness
July 26, 2006
Today in class we discuss the second half of the nineteenth century, the expansion of industrialization in Western Europe and how North America led to further urbanization. New discoveries in science pushed industry even further ahead, for many early discoveries. Advances in medicine showed a very bright future and a culture in development. The middle class dominated and illustrated their values. 1914, the new era had transformed Europe and North America. Incomes rose, industry produced more and better products, advances in science and medicine improved life for many people, while science answered the unanswered questions about the physical and social life. The year of 1914 showed that Europe and North America was headed for greatness.
July 27, 2006
Today was exam day, but we got the pleasure of taking our exam home. I am learning a lot of interesting things about history in the world that I really didn't know about. Hopefully I can do well on this exam. I know that the exam will be a lot longer than our first exam. A lot of good things have happened to Europe and North America. They have come from the slums from where the two countries never really had anything. I don't know where North America is headed because there is so much war but I pray that this world will get it together so my family can live peacefully and not worry about violence.
The power of Nationalism
July 31, 2006 19
Today in class we discuss the ideology of nationalism served as a driving political force during 1850. We talked about how nationalism translated into practical policies which led to war, civil war, and violence. German and Italian nation states were created as a consequence of the political strength of nationalism. Empires were torn apart by nationalist sentiments. The United States battled during the civil war. The north and south fought over setting the slaves free. People with power tried to strengthen national states and central governments by getting the support of citizens. By 1870, political power of nationalism showed that it could create national, unified states, shatter multinational empires, create a stronger sense of unity in already existing nations, and strengthen the authority of central governments.
Life in politics
August 1, 2006
1870 and 1914, democratization brought more people into political life, while increased access to public education and journalism kept people interested. Politicians found it necessary to pay greater attention to popular opinion and to seek popular support, by appealing to voters through political campaigns. Many Europeans emigrated as one way to deal with the social and economic pressures of European society. Some also participated in the new imperialism, which was often motivated by nationalist and economic concerns, and made claims on territories outside of Europe, especially in Africa and Asia. Before 1914, Western societies clearly felt the tension of international competition; industrialization brought social change, and also increased demands for political participation.
How World War I left its mark
August 2, 2006
Today we discussed how World War I left its mark, leaving a new Europe in its wake. The military and alliances had been forming for decades; it took the assassination of the heir to the Austrian throne to push events into war which altered Europe. The very map of Europe was redrawn, and the Treaty of Versailles left many countries angry. The nature of warfare changed. New technologies and military techniques suggestions were shot down. The war destroyed so much. Almost an entire generation of young men lost their lives. Domestic economies were destroyed. The hardship lingered after the war ended. Empires like German, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman was bitter. The Russian empire, overwhelming military losses and revolution, collapsed. A communist government formed, which changed international relations.