Gang violence is a problem that will contribute to the collapse of Philadelphia, and it has yet to be solved throughout many generations. With gang violence on the rise, the best solution to gang violence is to educate the youth and parents about gangs and use family support to prevent the creation of gang members from the problem’s core. Background Information The presence of gang violence has been a long lasting problem in Philadelphia. Since the American Revolution, gangs have been overpopulating the streets of Philadelphia (Johnson, Muhlhausen, 2005). Most gangs in history have been of lower class members of society, and they often are immigrants into the U.S (Teen Gangs, 1996).
Youth gangs in North American society are nothing new. When we turn on the news we often hear stories of misguided youth contributing to yet another gang related crime. Even though it is known that youth crimes are overrepresented in the media today, the subject of youth gang activity is quite a predicament to our society. Over the last few years, there has been a moral panic created by constant exposure to the media which portrays a great amount of youth crimes and violence. In Canada there are large urban cities with high proportions of young people, many of which live in poverty, that now have the issue of dealing with youth gangs and youth crimes.
Gangs and Youth Corruption In America There are groups that have been creating problems for our society since the creation of America, and have begun to focus on the youth of America. These are no fictitious groups and they have a specific name: gangs and they need to be stopped. Gangs are a negative growing trend spreading across the nation corrupting youth and decreasing the chances of the younger generation reaching their goals in life. By involving youth in criminal activities such as homicide and drug trafficking. Gangs have been around for centuries and the earliest mentioning of gangs is the rebellious children in the Bible mentioned in second kings (Cohn).
"In 2012, there was an estimated, 30,700 gangs (an increase from 29,900 in 2011) and 850,000 gang members (an increase from 782,500 in 2011) throughout 3,100 jurisdictions with gang problems (down from 3,300 in 2011) " (http://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/248025.pdf). This is not just youth gangs, this is all gangs in general. Just think how many youths are getting sucked into that lifestyle. Children who get into gangs need to feel safe and feel like they have a family. This is one of the biggest reasons why youths get into gangs.
There are various reasons behind young people joining street gangs. One of the reasons young people join street gangs is because of neighborhood disadvantages. A theory that can contribute to why young people might join street gangs is Social Disorganization Theory. Social Disorganization theory assumes that “delinquency emerges in neighborhoods where neighborhood relation and social institutions have broken down and can no longer maintain effective social controls (Bell, 2007).” Social Disorganization contributes to residential instability and poverty, which affects interpersonal relationships within the community and opens opportunities for crimes to be committed. The break down of neighborhood relation and social institutions create a higher likely hood that young people will affiliate with deviant peers and get involved in gangs.
Gang involvement and its associated violent crime have become a rapidly growing problem for the United States. Generally, gangs consist of young people of the same ethnic, racial, and economic background. Usually of a low socio-economic status, these gangs engage in illegal money making activities and intimidate their neighborhoods and rival gangs with violent crimes and victimization. Gang members exemplify a high value for group loyalty and sacrifice. Gangs often target youth when recruiting new members, with the average age of initiation being 13 years old (Omizo, Omizo, and Honda).
Delinquency and gang violence has disturbed many communities in Urban African American areas. Engaging youth in community programs may take away from the violence, focusing on the missing factor within delinquents. Youth delinquents are molded into violent criminals before they have a chance to build themselves, the known reason is there communities have a part in there behavior. A problem many communities are faced with is delinquency and gangs. Delinquency and gangs begin to pull in the similarities and focus more on the meaning connected to youth violence from the past to the present.
Introduction Crime rates are on the rise in the world today particularly in the urban centers but even more in other places. The issue of youth mobs is increasingly emerging to be of serious anxiety in many nations specifically for law enforcers. Many of these crimes such as theft, robbery, rape and terrorism are just but a few of the crimes conducted by youths. Many of the youths are led into crime by; unemployment, poverty and the need for a sense of belonging. It is the duty of every state to ensure that enough opportunities are created for youth for them to earn a living through employment.
In some areas in the U.S where curfews are not reinforced community vandalism is present. Vandalism is at an all time high among teens; vandalism includes damaging property, stealing street signs, egging homes or cars, spraying graffiti on public places, ect. In many cities crime rates among teens have declined at substantial amounts. The U.S Conference of Mayors surveyed mayors in 347 cities with curfews and found that 88 percent of the cities found that curfews made their streets safer for residents. While only 72 of the 347 cities had daytime curfews, 100 percent of those cities showed a decrease in truancy and daytime crime.
What causes the youth to want to become a part of the gang lifestyle? As youth become more adapt to social groups and cliques in society. It can be a truly tough experience to belong in a group with your peers. Youth in America join and become entangled in the gang life, due to lack of a solid social institutions, having access to power, feeling of safety and finally receiving respect from their community. Gangs are popular in today’s society, such as youth related crime has been growing, but an extent and coheres reason for the crimes committed by gang members is slowly beginning to become excessive.