The word “gang” is an extremely ambiguous term. Among law enforcement agencies there is no universally accepted definition of this word. For something that has no widely accepted definition it poses a significant problem for our society and law enforcement agencies alike. Because the word gang has a large amount of overlapping definitional criteria across many national jurisdictions Cultural Anthropologist Dr. Walter .B Miller took these overlapping criteria and variables and formed a working and more widely accepted definition of the term gang: “a gang is a group of recurrently associating individuals with identifiable leadership and internal organization, identifying with or claiming control over territory in the community, and engaging either individually or collectively in violent or other forms of illegal behavior.” (Thompson 263).
Gangs are a group of people involved in illegal activity. They were formed over 200 years ago in the United States and have now reached approximately 1.4 million individuals. There are five different types of gangs. The traditional gang, the neo-traditional gang, the collective gang, the compressed gang, and the specialty gang are all different types of gangs. Captain Dexter Nelson, a spokesman for Oklahoma City police who used to work in the department’s gang unit, said “all gangs exploit areas that are less equipped or less willing to
In the 1970’s gang activity was high. With the creation of the Crips other rival gangs emerged such as the Bloods. Gangs are very territorial. They have unwritten rules setting boundaries for each other in their perspective neighborhoods. Gangs can also be classified by their race. There are Latino gangs and African American Gangs with their distinct characteristics and language. Although rivalry among races exists the way they communicate is similar. Gangs mark territory with graffiti, stylized lettering and 3-D designs. They also have a color to identify themselves and a dress code to identify their own (Siegel).
Gang violence is stereotypically thought of as a Black or Latino, inner-city problem. Dr. George Knox, an expert on gangs, says, ...
Historically, gangs began to develop around the time frame of the 1970’s. Irish gangs have been known to be the first initial gang, followed by the Germans, Jewish, and Italians (Pacheco, 2010, p. 10). Gangs are larger in population and tend to be more prevalent in the United States, compared to other countries. In 2008, statistics showed that there were 20,000 active gangs and more than 1 million gang members in the United States (Pacheco, 2010, p. 12). According to Pacheco (2010) there are different types of gangs. Although these gangs are formed for individual purposes, broken up, they can form a multitude of different types of gangs. There are your traditional gangs (Crips, Bloods). Business, profit gangs, which are generated around financial gains. Hate group gangs, which their purpose is to target different ethnic groups, races or homosexuals. Copycat and delinquent social gangs, which seem to be the least relevant. Street gangs, which are prone to target younger individuals, but the actual ages of the gang members vary. Third generation gangs which are known as “terrorist”. Hybrid gangs are new to this generation, they could be considered the “hipster” of gangs. Then there are prison gangs. They are usually small in population and are structured along an individuals ethnicity (Pacheco, 2010, pp. 12-15). Gangs serve a multitude of purposes for their members. The gang becomes their family. They are able to trust them, rely on them, and the gang gives them a sense of self and importance. Gangs have the ability to offer status, refuge, protection, and opportunity of stigma free life within this population (Tower, 2013, p. 82). In the PBS show Interrupter ex-gang members and ex-gang enforcers joined together ...
Additionally, what kinds of people are in gangs? Well first off, there are Latinos, which make up forty-nine percent of gang members'; African Americans, thirty-four percent; White, ten percent; Asian, six percent; and the other one percent is just the other category (“Facts About Gangs” 109). Also in 1996, according to the National Youth Gang Survey, the members of gangs were fifty percent under eighteen years old and fifty percent were eighteen or older. In that survey during 2006, the number of juveniles dropped to only being thirty-six and a half percent of member, on the other hand, the percentage of adult gang members consisted of sixty-three and a half percent of the gang population . Gang members wear simila...
A gang is a loosely organized group of individual people who join forces for social reasons. Or anti-social reasons depending on how one looks at it. A person may join a gang for numerous reasons. These reasons include the need for “identity, discipline, recognition, love, money, and belonging.” 5 “Today there are approximately 274 Blood and Crip gangs in Los Angeles County alone.” 1 The gangs that are often in the news are usually made up of African-Americans. “African-Americans first formed street gangs in the late 1920s and early 1930s on the east side of Los Angeles near Central and Vernon Avenues. They were also forming in the downtown area of Los Angeles around the same time.” 4
Gangs originated in the 1800s as secret societies. The word gang came from gonge that meant journey and then changed in the 15th century were gonge referred to a sailor (Gang research). "During Shakespeare’s time gang referred to as outlaw or wild young man” (Gang research). There are four types of gangs. There are secret societies, which controlled the oversea Chinese communities. Then there were gang outlaws in the Midwest, which came about during the gold rush in the 19th century. Ninety thousand men moved to America to look for jobs/money. The ratio of men to women was 20 men to every one woman. Third are the racist gangs emerged after the civil war. Such as the K.K.K. (Klu Klux Klan), these gangs were fueled by racism and started off as a draft riot until racism got involved and made them their own gang. Fights over turf and honor but went out of control when fighting blacks. The fourth is voting gangs, which was invented by the Irish. The Irish started voting gangs to try and be politically dominated. They would beat up opponent voters and destroy voting booths stealing votes. The Irish gangs were the cause of the draft riots in 1863, which was also composed of young men. To make sure they had their votes or wanted to have their favorite candidate win they would make clubhouses and name the clubhouse after that candidate to get the people who wanted that candidate to win to join (Gang research).
Gangs are surrounding the world and they consist of some of the most violent, ignorant, and prejudicial people in existence. Gangs started to emerge their power around the 1800’s; as time went on, the intensity and violence drastically increased. Today, some of the most popular gangs in the world include MS-13, The Bloods, The Crips, Latin Kings, Yakuza, and Barrio 18. In some prisons in America, more than half of the inmates are gang members. Although gangs are still slightly out of control, law enforcement has done an excellent job at figuring out the complex signs of gang activity.
In conclusion, gang violence has been a big problem since the 1600’s and still is in modern day life. Even though some ideas of a gang have changed completely since then, there are still some of the same practices and mindsets of the gang members. Nowadays, organizations are acting to prevent people from joining a gang and are helping those who are recovering.
What is a gang? What is the difference between a gang and a peer group? How can a gang member be defined? These are three very common and difficult questions to answer within all disciplines. The most common discipline to address gangs, their members, and their activities is criminal justice which includes local, state, and federal law enforcement. The problem arises when these three jurisdictions and many others attempt to agree on one definition of a gang, which has proven to be a daunting task. For the purpose of coming to a general agreement for classifying a group as a gang and an individual as a gang member, while avoiding as many discrepancies as possible, James C. Howell has presented a chapter, Defining Gangs and Gang Members, in his book, Gangs in America’s Communities, that provides a review of the earliest definitions of a gang, common mannerisms, important factors of a gang definition, indications of gang members and components of structure, and finally the discussion of a reasonable, more efficient definition.
Gangs are a group of people who claim territory over others usually in the same neighborhood or surrounding areas. Gangs are usually brought together to create revenue through illegal activities. Most of the time gangs are organized based upon territory, race, illegitimate activity, and ethnicity. The ages of people who join gangs start from the ages of 8 ranging all the way to 22. Typically, you will see gang members wearing specific clothing in order to be unified and recognized as part of the group. For example, if you were a member of a street gang known as the Crips you would expect to be seen wearing mainly blue or purple clothing and/or bandanas. This signifies pride and uniformity; it makes a bold statement that you belong to this group of people. Because gangs are mostly violent and disruptive, the initiations can be brutal. The initiations normally include but are not limited to; fighting, killing, gang rape, and/or other deviant crimes. Gangs are one of the leading factors for violent crimes in neighborhoods.
Gangs are responsible for ten to twenty percent of the criminal activity in the United States, which estimates to an approximate thirty to sixty billion dollars of taxpayers' money a year. Gangs are often associated with the use of drugs, including heroine and marijuana. Gangs also are connected to the illegal use of many weapons and as a result, many bloody murders. So, it is...
The term gang refers to “a group of people with a discernible structure, a recognized territory, and distinctive beliefs, values, attitudes, and behaviors” (Pearce and Pettis, 2011). Gang violence is a wide spread phenomena. Gang violence can be found in all fifty states and in most major cities. With gang violence being so common, it is no surprise that this type of violence is not only affecting are youth, but they are also becoming a main cause of this violence (Graulich, 2010). Youth gang violence has grasped the attention of the communities. Members of the community are joining forces to put a stop to this type of violence (O’Brien, Daffern, Chu, and Thomas, 2013). It is important to learn and understand the history
Most of the gang members that have been reported come from the lower social economical class. When these kids are out in the streets they have nothing better to do so they begin go commit delinquent behavior. Since these economically challenged kids have no money to go anywhere they tend to hang round their neighbor hood. These kinds of groups encourage each other to commit criminal activity. Since they feel that if one does it all of them can do it too.