The American public before the attack on Pearl Harbor were isolationists, they may have felt sympathy for the victims of Hitler, Franco, and Mussolini, but did not in fact care enough to get involved in another war. The congressmen they elected into office from the late 1930’s to the early 1940’s respected the wishes of their constituents and therefore did everything in their power to prevent U.S involvement in World War II even after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. In fact one of the only Americans to appear at all concerned with the horrific events occurring across the ocean was President Franklin Roosevelt, however, despite pleas from the heads of the allied forces, even President Roosevelt could not entirely commit to the need for U.S involvement and remained a wishy-washy figure up until the late 1930’s. It was not until 1940, that President Roosevelt was able to take a stand and begin the attempts to talk the American people into actively supporting the allied forces against Nazi forces. The Japanese may get the credit for waking the “sleeping giant”, however, it is in fact President Roosevelt and a small portion of t... ... middle of paper ... .... War secretary Stimson believed it was necessary to “maneuver them into the position offering the first shot without too much damage to ourselves”.
They agreed with an overwhelming vote for war, and Roosevelt soon addressed America: “Yesterday, December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly attacked by naval and air forces of the empire of Japan.” Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S., and the U.S. declared war on Italy and Germany. Japan thought that their attack on Pearl Harbor would destroy America, but they soon found that they had failed to anticipate three important things: (1) Most of the U.S. aircraft carriers were at sea during the attack, thus escaping the damage. (2) The attack failed to destroy the repair facilities and fuel reserves at Pearl Harbor naval base. (3) The surprise attack united the American people as nothing has before, and the entire nation banded together to face their fears with one goal—to defeat the Axis Powers. The Japanese had not crushed America at all; instead, they had—in the words of a Japanese admiral—“awakened a sleeping giant, and filled him with a terrible resolve.”
United States was not expecting such an event; it was such an unannounced attack on the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. That unexpected attack on December 7, 1941 was originally just a preventive effort for keeping the US from interfering with military action the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia. Japan wanted to cripple the pacific fleet so they wouldn’t foil their plan to create a defense perimeter in the Southwest Pacific. Japanese aircraft launched two aerial attack waves sinking four US Navy battleships and damaging two other battleships. The attacks also led to a high number of deaths.
Because of the distance between Japan and Hawaii, it was found that the attack had been planned days, possibly weeks beforehand (Roosevelt, 170). During the time before the attack, the Japanese had deceived the United States into believing they were at peace with one another. Because of the bombing by Japan, the American people were mourning the loss of their soldiers' lives. They also were angry with the destruction of the naval and military forces, along with the attacks on Hong Kong, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Wake Island, and Midway Island all within hours of each other. The American people, along with the government, wanted nothing more than to destroy Japan, and win the war.
Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon of the United States whom represented the women who worked in factories during World War II, many of whom produced military equipment and war supplies. These women sometimes took entirely new jobs replacing the male workers who were in the military. The symbol of feminism and women's economic power was often amplified through Rosie the Riveter. "Rosie the Riveter" was a popular phrase first used in 1942 in a song of the same name written by Redd Evans. Auto factories were converted to build airplanes, shipyards were expanded, and new factories were built, and all these facilities needed workers.
1995). Although women made a lot of progress during the war, their roles changed again after the war ended as men returned to their jobs. Women were expected to “give up their wartime jobs and resume their homemaking role full-time” (Women Aviators in World War II). In 1944, the US Women’s Bureau took a survey of women “in ten war production centers around the nation [and] found that 75 percent of them planned to keep working in the postwar period. Moreover, 84 percent of the women employed in manufacturing… wanted to keep their factory jobs” (Milkman, R. 1987).
However, we have remembered the past and did not repeat it, but did not truly learn from it. The war hysteria during the 1940’s is possibly a reasonable excuse for detaining Japanese Americans, but it is a “smudge” on American history that was not repeated on 9/11. The mass hysteria does not qualify the events in the 1940’s of uprooting the “Japs” on the basis of questionable loyalty, even if the person was only 1/16 Japanese with blonde hair and blue eyes. Later, bureaus conducted investigations on the constitutionality of the internment camps and found that basic rights were to those detained. This event serves as a warning to all that racial profiling and stereotyping, even during wartime, should not be implemented.
In the early morning of December 7th, 1941 all that changed when the Japanese air fleet scattered in the Pacific Ocean bombed Pearl Harbor. In September of 1940 Japan entered in alliance with Germany and Italy. The Japanese were in need of natural resources found in Southeast Asian countries newly conquered by Germany. Around the same time in the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to halt German and Japanese expansion but was urged by other government officials to leave the situation as it was. Japan feared America's reaction to their plans to seize Southeast Asia, yet did not let that fear get in their way.
Island Hopping involved American forces occupying islands that leads toward Japan. Du... ... middle of paper ... ...g the islands. It could also encourage the Japanese to surrender quickly so that American lives will be saved from certain doom. The stance of this argument could be rebut with the statement that the suffering of the inhabitants, which consisted mostly of people who aren’t able to participate in the war was immoral because they posed no threat at all towards the invading troops of the United States. The statement would be considered bias towards the invading American troops because it focused solely on the suffering of Japanese population without considering how much the American troops suffered throughout the war because they had a very high casualties from island hopping and also most the army was comprised of civilians that were forced to be drafted into the army meaning they also had no intention of harming anyone without the orders from the commander in chief.
Although using this weapon was an atrocity to both the Japanese, and humanity in general, the world was at war. No matter what ulterior motives may have existed, the fact remains that the bomb was a justifiably necessary measure to bring an early end to aggressive war that was instigated by Japan. Japan would never have surrendered unconditionally, as decreed in the Potsdam Ultimatum. Invasion of the Japanese home islands were out of the question because of the ferocious defense that would have been staged, and the huge number of casualties that it would entail. The bomb shocked the Japanese militarists into surrender and gave the “peace-party” the added credibility they required to bring about a quick end to the war.