Workplace Diversity and Work/Life Balance

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Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within an organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness. Organizational behavior is dependent upon many variables. It incorporates many areas of study such as psychology, sociology and anthropology. These disciplines are important in trying to manage new and existing challenges in the workplace. Two examples of current workplace challenges are workplace diversity and the constant struggle to balance work life and home life.

Workplace diversity has become a growing concern within organizations. Managers are now challenged with learning new ways to effectively communicate the importance of embracing different races and ethnicities. Diversity encompasses many different characteristics including age, gender, ethnicity, religion and disabilities (Robbins). As of late, age has become more of a concern as the baby boomer generation begins to reach retirement age; many are not retiring early but instead are working well into their seventies. Unfortunately for those baby boomers, the number of retirees decreased during the 2008-2009 recession mostly due to economic struggle. People cannot afford to retire, perhaps because they did not save enough for retirement or had to dip into their retirement fund to survive earlier in life. In addition to age discrimination, gender discrimination is another common diversity issue. According to “Organizational Behavior,” as of 2000, more women are working full time, have more education, and have started to close the earning gap between men and women (Robbins). Most commonly, women are targeted in the workplace fo...

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...rieved from http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/labor/report/2010/03/29/7414/resolving-work-life-conflicts/

Executive Office of the President. (March, 2010) “Work-Life Balance and the Economics.” Viewed March 4, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/files/documents/100331-cea-economics-workplace-flexibility.pdf

Greenburg, Josh. (Jan. 24, 2005) "Diversity in the Workplace: Benefits, Challenges and Solutions." Viewed March 5, 2014. Retrieved from http://ezinearticles.com/?Diversity-in-the-Workplace:-Benefits,-Challenges-and-Solutions&id=11053

Robbins, Sarah. (2012) “Have Women Found Work/Life Balance?” Real Simple. Viewed March 8, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.realsimple.com/work-life/life-strategies/time-management/work-life-balance-00100000077145/

Robbins, Stephen P., and Timothy A. Judge. Organizational Behavior. 15th ed. Pearson, 2013.

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