This victory solidified his reputation of invincibility, and combined with other successes, led to a general peace. After a decade of war, a grateful France made Napoleon Consul for Life and ... ... middle of paper ... ...as soon forced to retreat. The 'scorched earth' policy employed by the Russians combined with extreme weather caused the Grand Armée to disintegrate and the campaign ended in disaster. The defeat in Russia prompted Prussia, Sweden, and Austria to declare war on France. Napoleon raised another army but was decisively defeated at the great Battle of Nations.
From the despair of the radical phase of the French Revolution emerged a great military hero who would overthrow the extremist Directory and build a formidable empire out of the struggling nation of France. After gaining publicity for his military victories, the young general swiftly rose to power. The rule of Napoleon Bonaparte signified the end of the Revolution and the start of a new age for France and the whole European continent. During his rule as First Consul and later Emperor of France, Napoleon completely overhauled his revolution-strained country with a new law code that would later be recognized as his most prominent contribution to history. But this law code did not grant women any of the fair rights which men were granted in excess.
Ultimately, Napoleon’s military background and cunning character led him to become a self-crowned emperor of France beginning in 1804(Dziewanowski, 90). Under Napoleon’s new military dictatorship, many of the French Revolution’s reforms were preserved and even strengthened, but at the cost of political freedom (Perry et. Al, 117). Napoleon continued to demonstrate his excellent military tactics through his army, conquering many countries and a series of principalities and duchies. It was not until 1813, when Napoléon pursued the Russians far into their land, did he suffer his greatest defeat.
Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Corsica. His family had mild nobility and was well off. After his graduation from religious school, he went to military school to become an artillery officer. He was able to graduate the two year course in only a year because of financial reasons. He was commissioned to be a second lieutenant in a French artillery unit.
Napoleon’s problems were not just condensed in one area; they were spread out over the world... ... middle of paper ... ...leon deserted what was left of his army and rushed back to Paris when he heard of this. People who had once supported Napoleon’s rule, had gathered to get rid of it. Prussia cut its allegiance with Napoleon and signed a treaty with the tsar; Britain, Sweden, and Austria joined them, they were doing what was best for their country. Then on August 10, 1813 war was declared by Austria to make sure Austria was on the winning side to protect itself. The fall of Napoleon’s empire was caused by nationalism and his own greedy intentions.
While he was doing this lying he managed to kill off most of a generation of French, which left France behind in the Industrial Revolution, and turn the Republic that the revolution had fought for back into a Monarchy. V
Napoleon was crowned Emperor of the French in 1804 - he was now a great Frenchmen and heroic General and destined to become the greatest leader France had ever had. Napoleon introduced 'The Continental System' which forbade all European nations trading with France's enemy Britain. In 1810 the Russians proclaimed they wouldn't abide by this system and France retaliated by invaded Russia but ended up retreating to Paris. Europe now believed that France could be beaten. The allied force of the Prussia, Austria and Russia attacked France and Napoleon was forced to abdicate and was exiled to the island of Elba with 1000 men.
Events such as these nurtured a hate for the capital in Louis XIV and destroyed his childhood. Rebirth of a Nation In March 1661, after the cardinal’s death, Louis XIV assumed control of the government. Seeing the people’s yearning for law and order in the country, Louis started a 7 year struggle against corruption and a long path to administrative and fiscal reforms. His first step was to rule without chief minister. This unprecedented move was all too well thought over and it is said that... ... middle of paper ... ...triumphant and captured the Spanish Netherlands without so much as a hiccup.
In 1797, Austria surrendered to France when Napoleon was just 80 miles from the capitol. When the fight was taken to Egypt, he again won the battle of the pyramids, but lost his fleet of ships in his next fight over the battle of the Nile. He returned home to France to see that the French government was really messed up. "In 1799 he abolished the Directorate and set up a consulate." He was not happy and wanted more power, so he went after the rest of Europe, but had settled with many treaties.
Napoleon's mission was a success, and he was promoted to general, and was assigned to the army in Northern Italy. During the early part of the revolution, Napoleon had supported Maximilien Robespierre's revolutionary group, and when Robespiere was overthrown in 1794, Napoleon spent two months in jail for being associated with him. When he was released from jail, Napoleon refused to fight a rebellion in Vandee, and he lost his military position for it. In 1795, Paul Barras, the military leader of a soon to be implemented government, asked Napoleon to fight a revolt in Paris, Napoleon accepted, and quickly ended the revolt. When the directory, the government Barras was part of, came into power, they rewarded Napoleon by appointing him the commander of the army of the interior in 1796.