Name: Water Pollution Instructor: Date: Abstract Water pollution is a serious problem for the whole world. It threatens the health, humans, plants, and animals. As the world became more industrial and smaller due to communications and trade, unplanned and dangerous dumping has contributed to the problem of sea pollution. All water pollution is dangerous to the health of living organisms, but sea and river pollution can be especially harmful to the health of humans and animals. Rivers and seas are used as main sources of clean water by populations all over the world.
In human perspective, people die every day due to polluted and infected water. Some of the water pollution is caused by industrial waste, they produce massive amount of waste which contains poisonous chemicals and other pollutants which then cause air pollution and it damages the environment around us. Industries do not have a proper waste management system, so they drain the waste to the fresh water which then leads river and then to sea. These toxic chemicals can change the colour of the water, temperature change in water and exposing to serious hazard to the water animals. “In developing countries, 70 percent of industrial wastes are dumped untreated into waters, polluting the usable water supply” (NationalGeographic.com).
Millions of tribal villagers in Rajasthan are suffering from various diseases due to drinking dirty water from the ponds. Contaminated water contain a variety of diseases causing bacteria that spread several variety of diseases. According to the scientists a large number of diseases in India is due to drinking sewage mixed water. Various diseases like Polio, cholera, patches, jaundice, fever, viral fever etc are spread through polluted
This problem really gives us a rude shock. With the waste products or waste materials, for example, plastic bags and toxic or chemical waste, the water bodies have turned into a poisonous pool. In a simplest word to say, is, water pollution by meaning, water fully contains the contamination in its bodies. So, when the water resources, such as ponds, lakes, oceans, rivers etc. are misused, water pollution will occur.
Impurities must be removed before such water can be used safely for drinking, cooking or washing. Some industries must clean the water before it can be used in their manufacturing processes. Water pollution has become a serious problem in most countries. As a result, governments have passed laws limiting the amounts and kinds of wastes that can be dumped into water. In many parts of the world, cities and towns release untreated sewage into rivers, lakes and coastal waters.
The formation of the earth started off with making the bodies of water. Humans rely on water for survival. The human body is made up of seventy percent of water. It is reported that more than 1.2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water; 2.6 billion has little or no sanitation, and millions of people die annually (3,900 children a day) from diseases transmitted through unsafe water or human excreta (Vasudevan, Subramanyan, and Mehmet). The consideration of water quality is often associated with the assessment of its possible use of drinking water source (Chen 5).
The animals that lived in river may get ill and died. They makes clean water that can be useful into dirty water. In developed communities, the water that we use to cook, wash clothes, bath and other daily uses all of this sewage was treated, they were cleaned and dumped into sea. But In some un-developed countries , the sewage is not treated but dumped in to sea or water bodies. This is very dangerous because they contaminate the environment and it may bring a lot of deadly disease to us.
Human activity can influence the quality of our water in the environment. Sewage is a major problem because billions of people are disposing of waste. Although, there has been an improvement on being able to obtain clean water, yet little has been done on upgrading the global sanitation. Sewage disposal has an immediate effect on people’s environment and leads to water related illnesses such as; diarrhea and cholera. Waste water is chemicals consumed down drains and released from factories can cause.
In recent analysis, it was discovered that our fertile is grown on sewerage which diminishes the nutrients in our natural produce. Polluted water is a leading culprit in the spread of increasing number of deadly diseases, including cholera. Waste water in Pakistan is often dumped into open drains or ponds or septic tanks. Only 80 percent of the urban and 45 percent of the rural population has access to clean and pure water. Due to this more than 40 percent of the recorded patients have water related diseases.
“Over time the steel corrodes and causes leakages, affecting soil and groundwater” (“Underground Storage Leakages” 1). Another major factor of water pollution is marine dumping. Marine dumping is the dumping of litter into the sea (“Marine Dumping” 1). Many people do not really understand how dangerous this can be for them and for the future. According to water-pollution.org “Litter items such as a 6-pack ring packaging can get caught in marine animals and may result in death.” Not only is marine dumping harming animals, but also the atmosphere of the habitat of that animal.