Name: Water Pollution Instructor: Date: Abstract Water pollution is a serious problem for the whole world. It threatens the health, humans, plants, and animals. As the world became more industrial and smaller due to communications and trade, unplanned and dangerous dumping has contributed to the problem of sea pollution. All water pollution is dangerous to the health of living organisms, but sea and river pollution can be especially harmful to the health of humans and animals. Rivers and seas are used as main sources of clean water by populations all over the world.
INTRODUCTION Ocean pollution is a serious issue that is harming both land and sea inhabitants. It is dropping economic levels and destroying the food chain by killing off the predators’ prey. The great pacific garbage patch is one of the world’s biggest garbage gyres, filled mostly with plastic and other tough biodegradable waste. Even though we don’t live in the ocean it still affects us in many ways, and before we clean up the ocean we must find a way to stop people from littering first. What is ocean pollution?
Secondly, The Causes and effects of dihydrogen monoxide pollution in marine environment: · Oil spill · Shipping · Sewage · Marine dumping · Industrial waste • Oil spills are one of the major quandaries in marine life. They are genuinely hazardous for marine life and can affect coral reefs that thrive in the ocean. In fact they can greatly affect the life cycle. The gills of fish can be clogged by spilled oil, which can block off respiration. If sunlight is blocked, marine plants will die because it affects photosynthesis and its process.
How bad can oil spilling be to the environment? Oil spills are bad for oceans, rivers, animals, fish, and birds that live in and around it. What we are going to go over is how they happen, how bad they are, and how they clean the mess up. “Oil spills are commonly occurred by the mistakes of men” (Oil Spills). The careless mistakes of bad maintains on vessels and equipment has played a part in a lot of oil spill accidents.”Some other oil spilling is when people do not want to pay for somebody to come and get it so they just dump it somewhere or some companies do the same thing” (Oil Spills.
It may not seem like it but water pollution affects everywhere and everyone around it but there are simple solutions we can do to solve the challenge. Every day Water Pollution is an ongoing problem because it kills sea life, causes water contamination and, destroys ecosystem. There are many factors that cause aquatic animals to die but three main factors are oil spills, dead zones and trash in the ocean. Just one oil spill can cause up to 500 deaths of animals. All sea creatures are affected by oil spills.
Additionally, ocean pollution significantly ruins the marine ecosystem because the death of even the tiniest organism as plankton causes a huge defect in the sequence of the animal food chain which means the smallest organism being consumed by a larger one when small fish species die huge fish or mammals such as whales seek to find other sources to consume, mostly they struggle till they die even polar bears may migrate . Overall the deaths of those animals lead to many fish species extinction and loss of diversity. Furthermore, the world faces a serious problem that human health is endangered because of ocean pollution which has a toxic influence on the food we eat due to chemicals that enter in marine animals’ structure. In the United States more than one-third of the shellfish are negatively affected by coastal pollution . Consequently, ocean pollution causes many diseases, such as typhoid, jaundice, dysentery, diarrhea, tuberculosis, and hepatitis.
“Over time the steel corrodes and causes leakages, affecting soil and groundwater” (“Underground Storage Leakages” 1). Another major factor of water pollution is marine dumping. Marine dumping is the dumping of litter into the sea (“Marine Dumping” 1). Many people do not really understand how dangerous this can be for them and for the future. According to water-pollution.org “Litter items such as a 6-pack ring packaging can get caught in marine animals and may result in death.” Not only is marine dumping harming animals, but also the atmosphere of the habitat of that animal.
Saying that it is only the human life that is polluting the waters. By the oceans being polluted not only are animals affected humans are too. What some people don't know is that they are killing of and disturbing offspring by polluting waters. "Ocean pollution results in smaller catches of fish all over the world, either by killing fish directly, preventing them from breeding, or causing birth abnormalities. Seabirds are unable to breed and whales are poisoned.
Chemical waste from factories dump their un wanted waste into rivers, lakes or ponds as well. One major component that effects the water wildlife is the insecticide DDT which damages animal tissue and is dangerous to humans , this can be passed along the foodchain. Marine Environments : 80% of the waste which is pumped into the sea each year is produced by dredging, 10% is industrial waste and 10% is sewage. Some of the consiquences due to this are :- presence of toxic substances and the rapid uptake of contaminants by marine organisms to name but a few. Oil spillages either by tankers or offshore ridges cause devistating effects on the local environments.
The lack of oxygen kills animals and other organisms that live in the water. Many harmful chemicals are in industrial waste. These can become drinking water pollutants if not well managed. Car exhaust creates a wide range of gases and solid matter. This causes global warming, acid rain, and it harms the environment and human health.