The behavior may come off as unusual or add, such as ambivalent behavior towards their caregiver. An example of this behavior may be a child initially running up to their caregiver, only to then immediately retreat and engage in odd behavior such as curling up in a ball or even being physically aggressive. In this situation, a child’s initial response is to seek out their parent or caregiver because that is who is supposed to be safe to them, however when they get near,the fear to be in their proximity emerges, thus demonstrating the child’s disorganized attachment. Infants can also be seen exhibiting disorganized attachment behavior that is both bizarre and contradictory. Liotti (2013) found that, when disorganized attached infants were reunited with their caregivers, they engaged in behavior such as banging their heads, hiding, or collapsing to the ground before final approach to their caregiver.
In conclusion, attachment in infants is concerned with how the infant’s closets relationship with its parents and caretakers develop. Although early processes are important, emotion goes on developing throughout the life-span. Infants who do not have any sort of attachment or close relationship with an adult do feel deprived however, research implies that it is possible to recover from the worst severed deprived childhoods, as far as they can experience help and warm relationships.
There are four types of parental attachment, secures, preoccupied (anxious attached), avoidants, and disorganized (fearful attached), distinguished by the strange situation where children are separated from the primary caregivers (Kalat, 2014). According to Kalat (2014), the secure infants display anxiety, crying shortly when their mothers leave, and recover from the negative emotions easily after the mothers came back. By contrast, children with three types of insecure attachment do not show the same level of intimacy after mothers coming
In their own home the child would cling to the caregiver and become in distress. In an unfamiliar environment the child would monitor the caregiver’s whereabouts closely, but would not disrupt the caregiver’s interaction with the baby. Terri and Ablard (1989, as cited by Volling et al., 2014) observed that insecurely attached infants cried and protested more to the mother’s interactions. It was recently found that “insecure-resistant infants stayed in proximity to their mothers longer during a jealously-inducing doll paradigm than secure or insecure avoidant infants (Volling, Yu, Gonzalez, Kennedy, Rosenberg, and Oh, 2014). With the understanding of these different attachment styles it represented how different attachment styles reacted towards their baby siblings and caregiver.
It shows fear of strangers and unhappiness when separated from a special person (known as separation anxiety). Some babies show stranger fear and separation anxiety more frequently than others, this is seen as evidence that the baby has formed an attachment. This is usually developed by the time a baby is one. Lastly, the stage of Multiple Attachment occurs, this happens from ten months and onwards. In this stage the baby becomes increasingly independent and forms several
The Attachment Theory suggests that as a children interact with their parents they begin to develop perceptions of relationships have lasting consequences into adulthood. Basic Attachment Theory pushes four principles (secure, preoccupied, dismissive avoidant, and fearful avoidant) guided by two competencies (anxiety and avoidance). A child who was consistently provided for in an endearing manner is more likely to have a secure attachment where the child isn’t likely to avoid relationships and have low anxiety about being abandoned. A preoccupied attached child wouldn’t stray from relationships yet will be pensive about being abandon by any friends they make. Preoccupied attachment occurs when parents meet the need of their child but in varying ways; at times the interaction between parent and child is comforting and other times it is hostile.
(Fanselow-Brown). The reason for this is that children need to feel their parents are focused on them as much as necessary so they feel safe and cared for. Anxiety Children who witness constant conflict between their parents also have the feeling of anxiety or anxiousness. When a child sens... ... middle of paper ... ...) and the other from abused woman shelters (145 ten- to twelve-year-olds). Some studies have looked at children’s self-reporting, where children describe feelings of guilt, shame, or worry in some situations, especially when the parental conflicts have to do with the behaviour of the children (Grych, H.J., &Fincham, D.F., &Jouriles, N.E., Renee, M).
The outcome of the study were three major styles of attachment: Secure Attachment: A child who is securely attached explores while the parent is in the room, also engages with strangers, when parent leaves the child becomes upset and becomes happy when the parent returns. Anxious-Ambivalent Insecure Attachment: A child who is anxious-resistant is nervous about exploring and interacting with strangers, even if the parent is present. When the caregiver leaves, the child is very upset. The child becomes hesitant... ... middle of paper ... ...ng skills. Works Cited Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Bell, S. M. Attachment, exploration, and separation: illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation.
Moreover, the infant’s behavior is more complicated than is often stated in the theory. There are several varieties and levels of proximity which promote behavior. Furthermore, attachment theory inclined to ignore the behavior of infant with caregiver after proximity is obtained, and how the nature of attachments and working models be modified due to the changes in the caregiving environment. It only based on behaviors that occur during a short period of separations between infant and caregiver which infant is in stressful situations rather than during non-stressful situations. Attachment behaviors only focus to that occur with the primary attachment figure, usually the mother.
Research conducted on attachment has shown that a secure attachment to a care giver protects the infant from social and emotional ‘maladjustment’. Insecurely attached children with maladaptive adjustments are more vulnerable to stress, problems with the control of negative emotions and display hostile, aggressive and poor social skills (Benoit 2004). ... ... middle of paper ... ...tachments are greatly affected therefore the child is vulnerable to both developmental and physical problems. “If an attachment has not been developed when the child is 5years old or less, the child will suffer from irreversible developmental consequences, such as reduced intelligence and increased aggression”(McLeod 2009). Adults should be informed about the consequences of failing to set aside time to care for themselves and it affects the children.