Andrew Johnson, who became President of the U.S. in 1865, had his own Reconstruction plan, but it turned out to be unsuccessful largely because of the unfair ways in which blacks were treated. According to his plan, pardons would be offered to all southern whites except wealthy Confederate supporters and the main Confederate leaders. Conventions were to be held by the defeated southern states and new state governments were to be formed. These new governments had to make a vow of loyalty to the nation and abolish slavery in order to rejoin the Union. However, this plan did not offer the blacks a role in this process; he left the responsibility of determining the black people’s roles to the southern states.
People often misunderstand the factors that led to one of the bloodiest wars in history, the Civil War. While many believe the question of the morality of slavery is what drove the South to secede, leading to the Civil War, that was not the main element. While main issue that led to the war was slavery, freedom and morality were not the center of this. It was a variety of political and economic aspects of slavery were what initiated the Civil War. Anti-Slavery writers such as Seward and Helper urged the country to abandon the extension of slavery in order to protect the union and the economy.
In theory, Lincoln’s plan of Reconstruction seemed an efficient way to redeem the South of its devastation. He was willing to give them a break and do far more for the former Confederates than they deserved. Reconstruction proved to be a failure because Southerners regressive and resistant to change. Because of conflicting viewpoints between Andrew Johnson and congress, the false promises of the Reconstruction Amendments and South’s reign of terror on African Americans these efforts were dismantled. A mistake contributing to reconstruction’s failure was Johnson straying from Lincoln’s original Ten Percent Plan which was as follows: “a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union.
Lincoln was assassinated so there was no real support behind his ten percent plan. Even though Lincoln’s plan was not used, some of the ideas from his plan were still included in Johnson’s such as taking an oath of loyalty by the former confederate officials to rejoin the union and create a state government. The republicans were too radical for Johnson in their views of how former slaves should be treated. They also wanted harsher punishment for southern officials which would have taken more time where Johnson just wanted reconstruction to be over as soon as possible. The radicals did have convincing plans to restore America but Johnson rejected a lot of the ideas that the radicals
I believe that the events that took place to start the civil war could have been easily avoided by just a little communication that they did not use around that time. I do not believe everything that happened in those four years should have happened the way that it did. The first main reason the war started was because the south believed in owning slaves and the north did not. The south wanted to have every nation to join the cause of owning African American slaves but President Abraham Lincoln did not approve. No one in the south who owned slaves, really didn’t want Abraham Lincoln elected as President.
Johnson then once again gave the Southern states freedom to run their state governments. People believed that Johnson was ignoring the former slaves’ rights. This became more and more evident, as the Black Codes began to form in the South. These were the many laws confining the African Americans to what some thought to be slavery except in name. In 1865, when Johnson declared reconstruction to be over, many Republicans, appalled at this, took action by refusing to seat Southerners that had recently been elected into Congress.
As the country was formed, it was evident that in its young history that the issue of slavery would be a major point of conflict that would separate the country. It was not an issue in the beginning, as it seemed that the issue would resolve itself safely. However, as the 1850’s and 1860’s approached the issue appeared much more violent and intense issue. The election of 1860 showed the segregation of North and South because Lincoln was hated enough that he was not on some Southern ballots. Too many affluent and powerful Southerners felt it was their duty to secede from the US.
“With malice toward none, with charity to all,” Lincoln said in his second inauguration speech. He was referring to not only the conflict between black men and white men, but also the hard feelings between the north and south. The southern states had entered the Civil War with such confidence and dreams of independence that many were now humiliated at the idea of having to receive aid from the federal government. President Lincoln’s assassination also put in the country in further turmoil. However, an America like the one before the war would not come together quite so easily.
The role of Lincoln, in which he abolished slavery as the history books portray, did not seemed to be his primary objective when he ran for candidacy and won the elections for presidency of the United States. Some abolitionists such as H. Ford Douglass begged to differ as to Lincoln’s ways of slavery, although he did proclaimed to be against it. The main role of Lincoln was to abolish slavery through republicanism but many abolitionists’ thought differently. His way often made abolitionist think differently. What seemed to be his own goals, made historians think that his actions created a gain of trust and what seemed to be popularity to create a unified United States as his predecessors.
Also if the south did that there would not be a civil war. Both southern resistance and northern neglect contributed to the death of reconstruction. However southern resistance was the greater problem. The lesser problem was the right of the African Americans to vote the south did not like it but it was the least of their problems that the south had going on. Although it was not the main reason reconstruction ended, The right for voting for African Americans was stil... ... middle of paper ... ...ne to war.