Type Two Diabetes: The Most Common Form of Diabetes

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Type Two Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes.
Originally it was called Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes (This is because people with Type Two Diabetes can make their own insulin.)
Out of the 26 million Americans with diabetes, Type Two Diabetes affects 90% to 95%.
Even though people with Type Two Diabetes can produce their own insulin, their pancreas either does not make enough of it or their body cannot use the insulin well enough (insulin resistance).
Glycogen or fat gets stored, when insulin stimulates cells in the liver and muscles to remove sugar from the blood.
The pancreas releases insulin when glucose levels in blood rise after eating.
Insulin triggers cells throughout the body to take glucose out of the bloodstream.
Insulin ensures that excess glucose is stored for future use and also prevents the levels of glucose in the blood from rising too quickly.
The pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for the fact that the body is resistant to it or not making enough.
Over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep the blood glucose at normal levels.
This becomes a problem because when there isn’t enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose (sugar) can not get into the body’s cells.
The glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells and the body’s cells are not able to function properly.
Other problems associated with the buildup of glucose in the blood include:
-damage to the body
-dehydration
-Diabetic coma
A Diabetic coma occurs when a person with Type Two Diabetes becomes very ill or severely dehydrated and is not able to drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid losses. This causes unconsciousness.
Having dangerously high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) ...

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...t enough insulin
-Reduce blood glucose levels by improving insulin action and overcoming insulin resistance
Insulin is either injected with a syringe or delivered from an insulin pump. The goal is to copy the way the pancreas would produce and distribute insulin.
Treatment helps to keep glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
Normal glucose levels are:
90-130 mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) before meals less than 180 mg/dl, two hours after meals

Depending on the treatment plan, people with Type Two Diabetes may check and record their blood sugar level once a day or several times a week.
The best way to prevent Type Two Diabetes is to maintain an active lifestyle and to keep your weight at a healthy level.
It is important to exercise at least 30 minutes a day (for adults) and 60 minutes a day (for children and teens) and eat a balanced, low fat diet.

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