This makes the body more sensitive to the insulin that already exists. The medications, rosiglitazone(Avandia) and pioglitazone(Actos), help to reduce or eliminate the need for insulin injections in some people. Some type 2 diabetics may need to take insulin if the blood glucose levels stay above goals set by the doctor. The amount of insulin needed depends on age, weight, exercise level, and how difficult the blood sugar is to control. In conclusion, diabetes can develop gradually over many years, often without symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Sugar is the basic fuel for the cells in the body, and insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: • Right away, your cells may be starved for energy. • Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart.
Glucose is made and stored in the liver. When your blood sugar gets low then your liver will use the stored glucose to keep your blood sugar level normal. If you have diabetes it means you have too much glucose in your blood. This is where insulin comes in. Diabetes is a growing epidemic in America's many nutritional diseases.
Among people with diabetes, the figures are 7 percent that have glaucoma and 22 percent have cataracts. These conditions cause much of the vision impairment in people diagnosed with diabetes over age 30 (type 2). Risk of both cataracts and glaucoma increases with age. These conditions are another reason diabetics should have annual eye exams. If cataracts become severe, the eye lens can be replaced with an artificial lens.
They are Type I and Type II. Type I Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body has a severe or total reduction in i... ... middle of paper ... ...derstated the sense of energy, control, and accomplishment that exercise provides can really make a difference in a persons quality of life." Researchers are learning more and more every day about the causes of diabetes and looking for ways to prevent the disease or its complications. While still other research is aimed at perfecting methods of administering insulin and monitoring blood sugar levels. Immune suppressing drugs are being studied as one way to stop the immune system from attacking beta cells, which would prevent diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease known by most of the people which occurs when the blood sugar level is exceptionally high compared to normal level. The essay will focus more on diabetes type 1 by which the production of insulin in the pancreas is inhibited because the β-cells in the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system (Dr Ananya Mandal). The unusually high blood sugar level can cause adverse effects on the human body. The kidney eventually will be damaged by the high concentration of glucose in the blood. This is a result of the extra work for the glomerulus to filter the high sugar level in the blood, causing the glomerulus to become leaky (American Diabetes Association, 2013).
The sugar has propensity of exceeding bloodstream into certain body cells using a hormone known as the insulin. This hormone is manufactured in the pancreas. Usually the pancreas has the capability of producing a correct or a specified amount of insulin but due to some factors the process can be altered. The pancreas produces the right amount of insulin to contain the quantity of sugar. Nevertheless if a person, in this case a juvenile possesses the diabetes condition the pancreas simply produces small or no insulin (World Health Organisation, 2011).
After a meal has been consumed, the body breaks down the foods consumed into glucose and nutrients that the body needs and they are then absorbed into the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. After the glucose has been absorbed into the bloodstream, the body then sends a signal to the pancreas for it to begin producing insulin for the body. In people with diabetes, their bodies may stop producing insulin or their bodies may no longer respond to the hormone. Without insulin, glucose cannot gain the key of access into the cells to produce energy for the body to function. If the glucose does not make its way into the cells, it stays in the bloodstream which will result in elevated glucose levels which can lead to other health problems.
It is the most common form of diabetes affecting 90-95% of the 21 million people with... ... middle of paper ... ...ase the chances of wound healing. Diabetic clients should inspect their feet, due to numbing and bathe in the proper temperature water to prevent tissue damage. Diabetic clients should monitor glucose daily and follow up for regular visits to check blood, keytones, and cholesterol levels. Diet is also an important factor to consider when one is diagnosed with DM. Foods high in fiber help the glucose levels not to rise.
The three main types of diabetes are Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes. There may be severe complications if the diabetes is not controlled and could even lead to death. Insulin is a hormone that is very important for our body in order to function properly. When the insulin is secreted by the pancreas, it breaks down food into glucose. Glucose flows through the bloodstream and into the cells.