This brought forward feelings of fear, anger and insecurity towards the Weimar Republic. Hitler built on these feelings and offered the secure and promising alternative of the extremist nazi party. Although there were many factors that contributed to the rise of Hitler and the collapse of the Weimar republic, Hitler’s ability to build upon people’s frustrated view of the hatred of the treaty of Versailles and the circumstances it placed upon the German nation, was the fundamental reason for Hitler’s rise to power and the Weimar Republic to collapse The Treaty of Versailles, signed by the Weimar Republic at the conclusion of WW1, introduced economic insatiability and caused a profusion of hardship. The idea of resorting to an extremist group promising better alternatives became an attractive option to many Germans. The Treaty of Versailles’ vindictive terms and unreasonable reparations (6,600,000,000 pounds) resulted in undesired economic circumstances.
There are many who claim that the Treaty of Versailles helped cause and foster the emergence of Nazism. The treaty is “cited for causing the successive financial crises that destabilized the Weimar Republic. Its…“War Guilt clause,” is seen as an insult to national pride permanently discrediting the Republic that accepted it”. During the 1920s and 1930s, the War Guilt Clause, almost impossibly high reparation payments, and German demilitarization fostered resentment in Germany that became a platform right wing parties such as the Nazis were able to use to gain power. Germans felt like they had suffered as much as everyone else during WWI and could not accept that they were being blamed for the war.
The reparations figure of £6600 million put Germany into an economic crisis causing the Depression and hyperinflation. The people were furious with the ‘diktat’, and claimed the new Weimar government were to blame for the ‘stab in the back’ which put Germany into a political crisis. People soon came to realise the Treaty as a mistake, and sympathised with Germany because of the harsh Treaty. This aided Hitler in many ways. Firstly, due to political and economic crises, extremists such as Hitler were given more of an opportunity to succeed.
Most Nazi support however, came from their ability to capitalize on the weaknesses of Weimar democracy, such as its association with the Treaty of Versailles. The Great Depression gave the Nazis the opportunity to offer themselves as the solution to the terrible unemployment and poverty it caused. The cult of the individual around Hitler, coupled with Nazi nationalism and anti-Semitism made them appealing to sections of the German population who had grown weary of the Republic and desired a new “strong man” to lead Germany. What is clear is that the collapse of Weimar democracy and its replacement with a Nazi totalitarian state was a disaster for all Europe, no more so than Germany itself.
From the Treaty of Versailles, to the rise of Hitler, and the failure of the League of Nations, there were many causes that lead up to World War II. World War I left Germany with many shortfalls, thus leaving them in the hands of the Treaty of Versailles. Rather unfair of a Treaty, this left Germany once again looking for another way out. A country resented by many had no other choice but to feel optimistic toward Adolph Hitlers empty promises… making it substantially simple for him to gain power so quick. Throw in the Great Depression, and you have a vastly unstable world, which the Germans believed Hitler would lead them out of.
East Prussia was a great source of money for Germany and th... ... middle of paper ... ..., first in inflation and then in the Great Depression. He promised a way out of economic hardship and the reassertion of Germany’s claim to status as a world power.” (pg. 806) The treaty of Versailles was humiliating; it forced Germany to accept the full responsibility for the war. The treaty also commanded that no German troops could be stationed in their industrial heartland; it capped their military size for the country; it took away foreign holdings and forced Germany to pay reparations that were crippling. The treaty of Versailles paved the rise of Hitler and the Nazis just as the World War I did for the Communist revolution in Russia.
Hitler exploited such problems by acting as a saviour. He said he would return Germany to a powerful nation. There was also unrest in Munich at the time, and with such incidents as the Munich Putsch involving the Nazi Party and Hitler, people found out about the Nazi's. With Freikorps and Marxists fighting each other, extreme conditions became a breeding ground for extremist and violent politics, hence the emergence of the Nazi party. Hitler also realised that democracy was failing and locked into this by creating a preference of order over freedom policy, he made it clear that Germany needed a leader, a dictator.
The treaty of Versailles was one of the largest factors in causing the Second World War because it sparked so much German hatred. Adolf Hitler had strong beliefs that theTreaty of Versailles was unjust and had to be abolished. The Wall Street Crash in 1929 was the start of a huge economic depression. The American stock market collapsed taking the rest of the world with it. Before this, the Weimar government in Germany had solved it's financial problems by borrowing huge ammounts of money from the USA, but after the Wall street Crash the USA not only stopped lending Germany money, it demanded that all the loans were payed back!
Wars - The Results Lead to Further Conflicts During the twentieth century, conclusions of wars created the conditions for subsequent wars. Whether it was the conquered or the conqueror, few ever remain content past an initial truce. Two examples of this can be found in the events that lead up to WWII and the constant conflict in the Middle East. The conclusion and consequences of World War I created many issues, which helped intensify World War II. The Treaty of Versailles, which outlined the restitutions Germany was to pay, was a major upset for the German people.
The Treaty of Versailles associated the government with Germany's acceptance of this national humiliation. The soldiers returning back from the front line were bitter at the republic and many joined right wing paramilitary groups, such as the Freikorps. The war left Germany with few allies with which to trade. This caused a growth in national debt, which the Treaty of Versailles worsened. To counter this the new government printed off more money causing hyperinflation, which upset people on fixed incomes.