To what extent was Hitler's success in coming to power due to the depression? Hitler became chancellor in January 1933. By March he had full dictatorial power. There is no doubt that the impact of the depression on the German people gave way to the rise of Hitler. It was the single most important factor of Hitler's coming to power, however it wasn't the only factor.
The Effect of the Great Depression on Hitler's Power There is no simple answer as to why Hitler became chancellor in January 1933. There are a number of causal factors which all contributed to his rise into power. Any of the factors, on its own, however, would not have resulted in his appointment. They are all linked in a web of causation and if any of the factors were missing, Hitler would not have been appointed chancellor. Of the factors I would say that the Great Depression was the most important.
The Revisionalist view is that Hitler was weak dictator, and was not involved in the decision making process. Other Nazis such as... ... middle of paper ... ...successful in controlling certain areas but were not successful in everything as Historian Stephen Lee says: " In theory the Nazi state was totalitarian in that it eradicated institutions allowing of the formal expression of dissent and opposition and then proceeded to use the SS and Gestapo to pick off individual acts of anti Nazi behaviour. By and large this combined process was successful. Yet, the fact that oppositions did develop in such a variety of forms indicates that totalitarianism was only party successful" I believe this statement is true, as the evidence clearly shows. Hitler was not the tyrant that everyone believed him to be, especially when there is opposition to his party and their ideals.
By the summer of 1933, all organized opposition to the regime had been eliminated, therefore the Nazi party was the only legal political party in Germany. Within eighteen months Hitler was appointed Furher, and he had a plan to transform the country into a totalitarian regime. Germany was radically monopolized by propaganda, it emphasized German prowess. Hitler was aware of valuable propaganda and so he appointed Joseph Goebbels as the Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment. Goebbels had to ensure nobody in Germany encountered anything that was hostile to the Nazi Party, he also had to make sure that the views of the Nazis were put across in the most persuasive and convincing manner.
Hitler's Becoming a Dictator There are many factors that allowed Hitler to seize power in 1934. One reason was the Munich Putsch, which put Hitler in jail and allowed him to write “Mein Kampf” and the 25-point programme, which helped him to win votes. Another reason was the Wall Street crash, which caused another depression in Germany, which made people vote for the Nazi party. Another reason Hitler was able to come into power was the Reichstag fire, which the Nazis blamed on a communist and this affected the 1933 Election in their favour. The fire also allowed Hitler to pass the “Enabling act”, which basically meant that no one could oppose him and Germany had to do what he said without question.
Hitler's Gain of Power When Hitler came to become chancellor in January 1933 his powers were relatively weak. Hitler had been appointed chancellor by the president, Hindenberg. Hindenberg had the power to appoint any chancellor he wishes, and can get rid of Hitler at any time. This means that Hindenberg controlled all of Hitler's power. The Nazi politicians were in the minority in the cabinet and in the Reichstag - only 3 in the first cabinet.
In just under twenty years the Nazi party was able to gain sole leadership by popular vote in Germany. This tells us that there had to be benefits in “Voting Nazi”. The fact the Nazi’s were a successful political party comes as a shock to most people, especially when we only teach/learn the terrible actions they committed. William Brustein stressed the horrible social and economic lives of Germans at the time and why a party like the Nazi’s had to step up. “Only an account of, interest-based action“ reveals the clearly wide appeal of the Nazi Party as the logical choice for millions of Germans,” the Nazi Party drew into its ranks a large percentage of, blue-collar workers, livestock farmers, and independent artisans.” Politically, the Nazi Party offered a third path be- tween Marxist centralized state planning and laissez-faire capitalism ” William Brustein’s book lays out the popularity of the Nazi party in a way that makes it clear that the German did support them.
Word Count: 137 Part B: Summary of Evidence 1) Propaganda used by Hitler • The Nazi regime created a Ministry of Propaganda and Popular Enlightenment, under Joseph Goebbels (the original ‘spin doctor’) to unite the nation behind the aims of the regime. Goebbels was a brilliant speaker and his radio broadcasts reached into every German home. (McDonough 49) • • In 1933, there were 4.700 regional newspapers, but only 2.4 per cent of them supported the Nazi Party. By 1944 there were fewer than 1,000 regional newspapers and 82 per cent of them swore ‘total allegiance’ to the Nazi Party, with the remainder ‘loyal’ to the regime. (McDonough 50) • On coming to power, the Nazi regime closed down all socialist and communist newspapers.
The Weimar Republic was set up, in many ways, to fail. There was a major flaw in the constitution that essentially handed leadership to Hitler in the end. This was proportional representation. This allowed a wide range of political opinions but also meant that no one party could have majority rule leading to unstable coalitions, which often ended quite quickly. Things were hard for the newly elected Chancellor Fr... ... middle of paper ... ... Hitler was able to take complete power through careful planning and utilizing opportune moments throughout the 1920s and 30s.
History has reveabed many dictators but none as famous as Adolf Hitler. In the short time that it took Hitler and Nazi party to rise to power the distershen it made for the old government slipt under the raidar. Once Hitler tuck power he made plans to make a new fighting force inside the army loyal only to him. In time the Nazi Party just turned into a tule for Hitler's plans. This plans brot the beeginning of the end for Hitler and the Nazi.