Title IX and the Pay for Play Movement

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For the last four decades, the House of Congress has been crucial is putting in place quite a number of civil rights laws that aim at eliminating discrimination in all educational programs as well as all those activities that receive federal financing. The statutes include: Title VI (which prohibits race, national origin, color, and discrimination); Title IX of (Education Amendments of 1972 which seeks to ban sex discrimination in learning institutions); Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 that prohibits discrimination against disable people in public contexts: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 which also forbids discrimination against disability); and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 that is meant to discourage ageism. These civil rights laws embodies a nation-wide commitment to end all forms of discrimination in the education system (Anderson & Cheslock, 2004). Such laws have been designed to assist in the delivery of the dream of the American forefathers, that all individuals, notwithstanding their age, race, color or religion should be given a chance to achieve their greatest potential.

The above federal civil rights laws have managed to achieve a lot of positive results in the education system of America. They have also been pivotal in improving the availability of equal education opportunities for all Americans. In the past, there were so many barriers that were capable of preventing women, disabled people and the aged from the right to choose the career of education level they would wish to do so. However, this limitation seems to be easing as a result of these laws, the Title IX being one of them. It is very critical that all stakeholders work together towards ensuring that we ha...

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Anderson, D. J., & Cheslock, J. J. (2004). Institutional Strategies To Achieve Gender Equity In Intercollegiate Athletics: Does Title IX Harm Male Athletes?. American Economic Review, 94(2), 307-311.

Crawford, R. (2012). Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time Athletic Reform. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 29(10), 1499-1501.

U.S Department of Labor. (n. d.). Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972. Retrieved April 27, 2014, from http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/titleix.htm

The Editorial Board. (2014, March 22). Pay for Play and Title IX. The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/23/opinion/sunday/pay-for-play-and-title-ix.html?_r=0

Sperber, M. (2011). Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reform. Journal of American History, 98(2), 595-595.
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