Equal Protection And Public Education

763 Words2 Pages

Equal Protection and Public Education Classifications to assign students to specific schools for racial balance In the history of the United States, there has always existed the issue of race and how to balance out racial differences in America. The issue of race has made an impact on every part of this country including the field of education. The issue of desegregation and how to balance out schools to even the field for all students to comply with the Fourteenth Amendment and rulings such as Brown v. Board of Education has indeed been a challenge for American society. How Students Are Classified In the 1954 court ruling of Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of schools was unconstitutional and violated the Fourteenth Amendment (Justia, n.d.). During the discussion, the separate but equal ruling in 1896 from Plessy v. Ferguson was found to cause black students to feel inferior because white schools were the superior of the two. Furthermore, the ruling states that black students missed out on opportunities that could be provided under a system of desegregation (Justia, n.d.). So the process of classification and how to balance schools according to race began to take place. Despite the ruling of the Supreme court for the states to desegregate their schools, there was some resistance to the ruling. This prompted the Supreme court to make another ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (2) (n.d.). The ruling, in this case, ordered states to immediately comply with the ruling in Brown I. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 states that any program that receives federal funding and assistance may not discriminate based on race, national origin, or skin color. All students are allowe... ... middle of paper ... .... The issue of racial balancing has even come up in court for charter schools. The concern that charter schools could become segregated schools prompted the Beaufort County Board of Education v. Lighthouse Charter School Committee ruling in 2003. The ruling stated that all charter schools in South Carolina will be in line with the local school districts of their location. Several other states have also adopted a similar ruling about charter schools. (Gajendragadkar, 2006). In conclusion, the balancing of schools is an ongoing issue of discussion. There are now cases where blacks and Hispanics outnumber whites in school districts such as Detroit. Pasadena also had a similar issue and decided to bus white kids to urban areas until white families began moving out of the district as a counter measure (Green, 2007). Clearly, this issue is still seeking a solution.

Open Document