The importance of black soldiers in the civil war

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The American Civil War is perhaps the most important event in U.S. history since the American Revolution. Over half a million men would perish between the Union and Confederate Armies. It is important to know that Ulysses S. Grant was an important figure (perhaps the most important behind Abraham Lincoln) in the war. Many will see him as the hero of the American Civil War. Nevertheless there were others who would play an important role to help the Union win the Civil War. The use of black soldiers was crucial to the Union in order to achieve victory against the Confederate Army. Yet, the contributions and accomplishments of black soldiers during the Civil War were neglected for nearly a century following the Civil War. However, within the last 30 years, many scholars and historians have begun to publish books on the history of black soldiers and their contributions to the Civil War. During the Civil War, free blacks were allowed to serve the Union army, but it was not until 1863, that black soldiers would see combat and charge against the confederate armies. It is estimated that around 186,000 African American served the Union Army throughout the war, with the creation of 163 colored regiments. My research paper will focus on the Black regiments of the American Civil War and their importance to U.S. history. Some of the important issues that will be discussed in this paper will include the struggles of black soldiers during the Civil War, from their wage earnings (where most made less money than white soldiers), to the cloths they wore (most had no uniforms at all), also, many of these soldiers had trouble getting the basic necessities like shoes, socks and soap. Other areas I will discuss will be the discrimination black soldier... ... middle of paper ... ... American Revolution. There were many black heroes in the Civil War who fought with honor and bravery. Some of these men included Sergeant William Harvey Carney of the 54th Massachusetts. Carney received the Medal of Honor (37 years later) for his actions during the battle of Fort Wagner. Overall eighteen African-American Soldiers would receive the Medal of Honor. The legacy of black soldiers will never be forgotten. Their wartime contribution is perhaps the most heroic in modern times. By the end of the war, black soldiers accounted for 10% of the Union Army. Out of the 180,000 black soldiers that fought, 40,000 gave their lives. By the fall of 1865, the United States Colored Troops (USCT) was disbanded and most of the colored troops were put into regular regiments. African Americans took a huge step in the right direction through their service in the Union Army.
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