The True Cause of the Civil War Between the economic, political, and social quarrels that evolved throughout the 1850's, the North and the South underwent many changes that led to the start of the Civil War. The most attributing factor to this war was that of a moral dispute between two sections who both wanted different things. Slavery became the issue that spread across the nation and was disputed back and forth between the North and South sections of the country. Abolitionists were focused upon in the North and tried to get their message across to those owning slaves in the South. They expressed moral disapproval but engaged in few out-in- the-open activities. "To the extent that there was an organized antislavery movement, it centered on the concept of colonization-the effort to encourage the resettlement of American blacks in Africa or the Caribbean." (Brinkley, American History 342) Among these Abolitionists, was a famous U.S. journalist who published The Liberator and helped lead the successful Abolitionist campaign against slavery in the U.S. In his first issue of The Liberator, he boldly states his opinion on the issue of slavery: "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation....I am in earnest-I will not equivocate-I will not excuse-I will not retreat a single inch-AND I WILL BE HEARD." (www.britannica.com) The Civil War forced Garrison to choose between his pacifist beliefs and emancipation. In December 1865 he published the last issue of The Liberator and announced that his vocation as an abolitionist is ended. (www.britannica.com) When the issue of slavery peaked, the South decided that the best bet would be to secede. As for the entire issue of slavery, "basically the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South was going to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed all others." (www.ask.com) During the 1850's the South had about 4 million slaves. These slaves were very valuable to the slaveholding planter class.
One of the reasons why The Liberator impacted Douglass was because of his need for backup in his fight for the freesom of black slaves, and due to the inspiration that sparked when he had listened to Garrisons speech on 1841, at the Bristol Anti-Slavery Society's annual meeting ("Frederick Douglas 1818-1895."). Since Douglass had been born a slave, he was born with the will to fight for the freedom of African-Americans. Therefore he tried to educate himself by attending abolitionists' meetings and subscribing to Garrison’s newspaper, the Liberator ("Frederick Douglass 1818-1895"). While his involvement with Garrison’s newspaper, he had stated "no face and form ever impressed me with such sentiments [the hatred of slavery] as did those of William Lloyd Garrison." which impressed Garrison enough to mention him in The Liberator. (Russell)...
The American Civil War was caused because of the North and South differences in economies, disagreements about abolishing slavery and whether the state or federal government had more power. These three factors played a key role in America's deadliest war. Understanding the causes of the Civil War is important because the war was one of the most important events in our nation's history. After the Civil War all men were truly created equal, it reunited the country as one, and redefined what it meant to be an
Abolitionism quickly gained popularity since 1821 when William Lloyd Garrison assisted in writing an anti-slavery newspaper, The Genius of Universal Emancipation, with Benjamin Lundy. In 1831, abolitionism continued to grow in popularity when William Lloyd Garrison started The Liberator. Although there remained not a need for slaves in the North, slavery remained very big in the South for growing “cash crops.” The majority of the abolitionists who inhabited the North organized speeches, meetings, and newspapers to spread their cause. Initially, only small revolts and fights occurred. However, major events along the way led to the Harpers Ferry Raid. For example, with Kansas choosing whether or not to become a free or slave state. That became the biggest event up until John Brown’s Raid. John Brown had always despised slavery, and this enhanced his chance as an organized revolt. The effect of his raid on Harpers Ferry affected what the South thought about abolitionists and the power that they held.
The abolitionist movement of 1830 had a more influential impact on the nation than the antislavery movement prior to 1830 because of William Lloyd Garrison and the ways that he transformed abolition. Before 1830, there were movements that were against slavery but none made an impact enough to stop slavery in the South or to call attention to the horrors of slavery. William Lloyd Garrison challenged the restricted fight against slavery by voicing his philosophy through his weekly newspaper, the Liberator. Garrison used his paper to show a new perspective on slavery. He stated the hardships that slaves had to go through and he quickly attracted a large group of antislavery followers known as the New England Antislavery Society. This society eventually grew across parts of the nation and became the American A...
Abraham Lincoln was elected as sixteenth president of the United States of America in 1861 and served until his assassination in 1865. He is viewed as a popular political figure and is known as the “Great Emancipator” for his role in freeing the slaves during the 1860s (Columbia University Press 2013, 1). He delivered the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 that declared “all persons held as slaves within the rebellious states are, and henceforth shall remain free” (Columbia University Press 2013, 1). Although the Proclamation made Lincoln seem like a hero, others would soon realize that the proclamation was a war tactic and in reality did not put an end to slavery. In The Real Lincoln: A New Look at Abraham Lincoln, His Agenda, and an Unnecessary War by Thomas J. DiLorenzo, the reader will discover facts about President Lincoln that are not told in the average history book. Within the chapters of DiLorenzo’s book, he explains Lincoln’s true view on slavery, reasons for his political success, and why Lincoln encouraged war between the North and the South.
Slave rebellion had not dissipated even after years had passed since Turner’s last insurrection. David Walker was son of a slave born free in North Carolina; he wrote a pamphlet Walker’s Appeal which infuriated southern slaveholders. Also, Harriet Tubman became the most famous conductor of the Underground Railway and led many slaves to freedom. Next, Frederick Douglass became the most famous black man of his time. On the 4th of July he gave an Independence address: “What have I or those I represent to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us?” (qtd Zinn 182). He also worked alongside William Lloyd Garrison a white abolitionist and editor of The Liberator. Additionally, John Brown a white abolitionist advocated the use of violence to disrupt and destroy the institution of slavery. He later was executed by the State of Virginia with the approval of the national government. Therefore, we start to see intellectual blacks fight for freedom and equal rights. Not only were they wanting to engage in armed insurrections, but also more ready to use political devices—the ballot box, the Constitution—anything to further their cause (Zinn
Once the antislavery movement began to diminish William Garrison an assistant of an antislavery writer went to Boston in 1831 and created his own newspaper called the Liberator. The meek philosophy Garrison came up with became groundbreaking. Garrisons said people should view slavery from a black man’s point of view, not the white man who is a slave owner. He also thought that people should not think of what black’s image had on society but think of the harm it did to the blacks. Garrison was the first member of the antislavery movement to publicly stated blacks needed complete and instant emancipation. He proposed that they didn’t want to just free the blacks but rid the country of them and just keep the slaves. The first issue of The Liberator was very intriguing, he demanded that he will be heard and it may be harsh but it’s the truth. Soon the works of Garrison attracted a large amount of people. He was able to establish the New England Antislavery Society in 1832 then American Antislavery Society in1833. By 1838 there were about 250,000 members of the societies.
Instead of convincing American citizens from around the country that slavery was America’s largest injustice, he now was persuading people in the government and people who were originally for anti-slavery, that black men should have equal citizenship and the right to vote. His change in audience is another reason that the abolitionist's voice changed beginning in the mid 1860’s. The harsh and passionate rhetoric he was using to condemn slavery may have not been so effective or persuasive to politicians. Therefore it was in his best interest to change the approach he originally was making. A great example of this is Frederick Douglass’s first meeting with President Andrew
Even though geographic and economic disputes were considered important, mainly political and social differences gave birth to the Civil War. Unable to agree about the amount of rights a state deserved, the North and South fell further away from each other. This division increased as the Fugitive Slave Law was passed and when the final verdict of Dred Scott’s case was announced. Abolitionist attempts to end slavery continued to separate the splitting sides. All in all, the Civil War started out as political and social discords, but grew into a full-scale battle deciding the fate of our nation.
Why were the southern states so dependent upon slaves that they were willing to fight a war over their right to keep them? The answer lies in the social and economic differences between the north and the south. The southern United State’s climate was perfect for agriculture. Plants like tobacco, cotton, indigo and sugar had become extremely profitable to produce.(2-615) To increase profits, the farms, known as plantations, had to grow. Managing a plantation of an average of 335 acres took a lot of labor, and the most economical source was the slave trade. Without slaves, plantation owners would have to hire people to manage their farms, an option that many were either unable to take or unwilling to consider.
By the year of 1860, the North and the South was developed into extremely different sections. There was opposing social, economic, and political points of view, starting back into colonial periods, and it slowly drove the two regions farther in separate directions. The two sections tried to force its point of view on the nation as a whole. Even though negotiations had kept the Union together for many years, in 1860 the condition was unstable. The presidential election of Abraham Lincoln was observed by the South as a risk to slavery and many believe it initiated the war.
In the years leading up to the Civil War, there was great conflict throughout the United States. The North and South had come to a crossroads at which there was no turning back. The Secession Crisis is what ultimately led to the Civil War. The North and the South disagreed on slavery and what states would be free states. The South despised Lincoln 's election and rose up in revolt by forming the Confederate States of America. Both the North and the South were responsible for the crisis, but the election of Lincoln had the most impact. All of these factors are what began the war in which brother fought brother.
... the abolitionist movement is fueled by reading The Liberator, a newspaper that stirs his soul in fighting for the anti-slavery cause. While attending an anti-slavery convention at Nantucket on August 11, 1841, Douglass, with encouragement from Mr. William C. Coffin, speaks for the first time to a white audience about slavery.
Many causes led to the Civil War. This all happened around the mid 1800s. It was a conflict between the Northern and Southern states. Both sides had their own view on slavery, and their separate views caused contentions between the two. Both had different views on whether to expand or stop slavery growth to the West, or have slavery at all.