A sequence of major events such as The Kansas-Nebraska Act, which called for popular sovereignty, and The Nullification Crisis, which rose controversy in southern states regarding their rights, revolved around sectional conflicts dealing with slavery which ultimately led up to the devastating outbreak of the Civil War between the opposing regions of the North and South. Although slavery did play a major role in causing the Civil War, other causes include economic differences, constitutional disputes, and political blunders along with extremism. The Civil War was an avoidable conflict between the North and South. The Civil War was not inevitable because of failures of leadership in the North and South and extremism on both sides. Leading up to the Civil War, failures of leadership were present in both the North and South.
Fortunately, for us today, the North won the war and saved the Union. Our current government along with our Nation could be drastically different or not even exist at all today if the South had successfully seceded. As for the issue of slavery, if the South had won slavery may have been preserved for a while but I don’t believe it would have lasted forever. The Civil War was more than just a conflict over rights and slavery. It was the war that proved America had successfully created a powerful democratic government that was a force to be reckoned with whether you were a citizen, a state, or a foreign nation.
The long and continuous conflicting views on slavery between the North and South grouped with the political power struggles over the new western territories was only further fueled with their economical and social differences. To state that the Civil War was avoidable would be just be a plain lie. The war meant to take place and it did. Works Cited 1. “American Civil War.” History.
In an attempt to solve the issue of slavery, both the Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed. However, both acts failed in that it only triggered negative social responses from both sides. Political events, such as the Dred Scott case and the Election of 1860 caused further disputes through public disagreements, adding tensions between the two sides and strengthening sectionalism more than ever. Ultimately, a split nation and another war were caused by a series of differing social and political views, regarding opposing lifestyles and views on slavery. Numerous social issues befell, developing controversy which would later lead to the Civil War.
This huge debate showed just how slavery divided the nation (Forbes VI). Differences between the views of the North and South led to a deeper divide, which in turn led to the Civil War. Most people knew the consequences of banning slavery, so they kept the Missouri Compromise in place. Overwhelmed with this issue, politicians dealt with the troubling issue carefully because it potentially could separate the Union, and everyone knew the South would not agree to the ban on slavery (Forbes IX). During this time, states entered the Union in pairs-one slave and one free.
While there is plenty to discuss why this was the cause of the war, the differences between the North and the South go much deeper then the question of slavery. Especially, since the Northern states tried slavery but it did not benefit them as well as it benefited the South. The last use of slaves in the North ended before 1850. While, slavery did play an influence and will be discussed how it did later, it is important to dispel some myths that have been lost in translation over the past 152 years. To the average American today, when asked what caused the Civil War a majority will say, slavery was the immediate cause of the war.
The Civil War was inevitable between the North an South, as their social beliefs on slavery were worlds apart, westward expansion was creating tension, and Spot's Resolution, Wilmot Proviso, and Election of 1860 made the war unavoidable. The social beliefs between the North and South were a major cause of the Civil War, and as many people are aware: you cannot "fight fire with fire", which is exactly what occurred between the North and the South. This action in itself will eventually lead the country to war, as each side's opinion on slavery becomes more heated. The North believed that they took a moral highroad, claiming that slavery was wrong and needed to be abolished. The South, on the other hand, saw slavery as a way of life and, since the slaves only were 3/5th of a person to them, they saw nothing wrong with what they were doing.
The states were balanced, but this compromise was a factor for the civil war because the North was still against the expansion of slavery. Southern citizens also opposed it because it allowed Congress to make laws regarding slavery. These arguments over slavery would still continue even though the states were balanced. Later on, the Kansas- Nebraska act repealed this compromise as it allowed popular sovereignty to decide whether Kansas and Nebraska (both above the 36 30’ line) would be slave or free states. The Dred Scott decision even stated that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional by the Fifth Amendment which prevented Congress from depriving people of their property (slaves) without the due process of law.
Ironically, the relentless westward expansion which seemed to draw the nation together inevitably reinstated bitter controversies that haunted the stability of the Union. Despite tedious efforts, compromises regarding the polemical issue of slavery failed to implement a lasting resolution that would quell sectional tensions. “The Impending Crisis” of the mid-nineteenth century was caustically perpetuating the sectional discord of the Union. Consequently, the Kansas-Nebraska controversy along with the ambiguous notion of “popular sovereignty” generated such internal animosity that it crucially ripped America in two, eventually setting the stage for the civil war. Significantly, the deadlock over slavery drastically heightened political tumult to such an extreme degree that sectional crises and disagreeable interpretations ultimately rendered the blemished Constitution unable to preserve the disintegrating Union from secession and civil war.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 triggered a negative reaction from both sides: the abolitionists despised the expansion of slavery in Missouri, while supporters of slavery desired more land than Missouri that allow... ... middle of paper ... ...weighed it options and each statem, one-by-one, seceded, in the hopes that slavery would be preserved. Eventually slavery did die out and the southern states were once again apart of the union, but not without a civil war. Ultimately the North and South’s differences could not be resolved through anything other than a Civil War. These causes, as well as others, left the South no other viable option, in their eyes, than to secede from the union, leading to the Civil War. Political, societal, and philosophical conflicts combined with one another to form the ultimate disagreement over slavery between the two regions.