The Transformation Of Art: The Renaissance And The Renaissance

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Europe was a boisterous region in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Particularly, during the Renaissance and Protestant Reformation, both introduced intellectual ideas and radical religious believes that challenged centuries of highly-structured and established systems. After the great developments of what is now ancient Greece and Rome; Europe fell into a period known as the Dark Ages. In which learning was suppressed, yet, by the turn of the 1400’s, there was a “rebirth” of learning: the Renaissance. The Renaissance was marked by an intense awakening from the long slumber in the visible world and in the knowledge derived from the experiences and effort to revive ancient learning. The term Renaissance has, over the years, become synonymous…show more content…
Art came to be seen as a branch of knowledge, valuable in its own right. Art was to be based on the observation of the visible world and practiced according to mathematical principles of balance, harmony, and perspective, which were developed at this time. High Renaissance art, which flourished for about 35 years, from the early 1490s to 1527, until Rome was sacked by imperial troops. Art revolved around three towering figures: In the hands of men such as Leonardo Da Vinci; the ultimate “Renaissance man” for the breadth of his intellect, interest and talent and his expression of humanist and classical values (1452–1519), Michelangelo Buonarroti; who drew on the human body for inspiration and created works on a vast scale (1475–1564), and Raphael Sanzio; the youngest of the three great High Renaissance masters, learned from both da Vinci and Michelangelo and his paintings expressed the classical ideals of beauty, serenity and harmony (1483–1520). Each of the three embodied an important aspect of the period. In addition to its expression of classical Greco-Roman traditions, Renaissance art sought to capture the experience of the individual and the beauty and mystery of the natural world. During the Renaissance, architecture turns out to be not only a question of practice, but also a matter for theoretical discussion. While the exterior elements of Renaissance architecture were impressive by themselves, the interior elements were unique as well. The obvious distinguishing features of Classical Roman architecture were adopted by Renaissance architects. However, the forms and purposes of buildings had changed over time, as had the structure of cities. Among the earliest buildings of the reborn Classicism were churches of a type that the Romans had never