A1. Earlier Historical Art Period In the early 1300s, Europeans began to shed the dark and oppressing mindsets of the Middle Ages. This sparked a revolution that would begin in Italy and spread throughout Europe, and is known today as the Renaissance. The word Renaissance literally (and fittingly) means ‘rebirth’ – making it a fitting title for a period where interest in learning, philosophy, and the classical arts were ‘reborn’. Where the Middle Ages took the meaning out of the arts – using paintings and sculptures for nothing more than decorations in houses of religion, for instance – the Renaissance gave it back.
The renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement dating from the early 16th to the early 17th centuries. It is associated with the pan-European renaissance that many cultural historians believe originated in Tuscany. The English Renaissance started with King Henry I, but did not reach its full potential until the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. It was during her reign that the renaissance reached the height of its popularity so much so it became known as the Elizabethan age. “The English renaissance was first launched by King Henry around the early 15th century” (the Renaissance back 2).
Three humanists even became chancellors of Florence -- they used their rhetorical skills to strongly rally the people of Florence against their enemies. The great changes in Education of the Renaissance were inspired at first, by the desire of Humanists to be wise and to speak eloquently. The idea of useful education for the people, and very "well rounded" schooling in many different fields of learning were the new defined goals of Renaissance education. People all over (Especially in Florence) revived the Ancient Greek studies of Plato, Aristotle, and many others. People began seriously questioning what these people said and re-developed the "Scientific Theory" in which you didn't just accept whatever was said to you, but you tested the truth of it.
This new rise of educational facilities gave people the opportunity to become more educated, which opened new concepts of science, mathematics and other subjects. This could in turn create adverse thinking—those to which the church would be opposed to. In addition, Christians throughout the Middle Ages were very constant with their religion, especially by their constant attempt to win over Jerusalem with the Crusades and most likely convert those who they conquer. According to the textbook, “in the fourteenth century, medieval music underwent significant changes, including the rise of secular music along the church music” (411). This is perhaps pertaining to the start of the Renaissance, but it highlights that not only education was responsible for the new intellectual thinking, but music was becoming more common throughout the Middle Ages.
What Renaissance means and where it started The word “renaissance” means re-birth and also re-awakening. It also meant the activity, motion and even time of the big and great revival of not only art, but literature, learning, culture and science. Renaissance as a word symbolizes the revival of many aspects of life and also the transition from the medieval times to the modern times. Renaissance started in the 14th century in the republic of Florence (“Firenze” in Italian) in the north of Italy. The historical context of the Renaissance and what it involved The renaissance was mainly a cultural movement which happened around between the 14th century and the 17th century.
The art of Classical had transformed its traditions by having the absorptions of the occurring developments in the Northern part of Europe of art by using a contemporary scientific knowledge that helped them with their art. The Renaissance Humanist philosophy had spread throughout the Europe period by affecting the artist and the patrons with the new development of techniques and the sensibilities of the artists. The Renaissance had stressed the ideas of the classical world of art. The causes were so many that were all deeply undercounted and the historians had debated that the relative importance if each is when the Renaissance had began. During the mid 14th century was the actual period that the renaissance had started (Renaissance Art).
Previously, learning had been ecclesiastical - theocracy and theology were taught a lot - but during the Renaissance, learning became more secular. It was based upon classical culture so students studied classical authors, philosophers and mathematicians, for example: Ovia, Cicero, Livy, Plato and Aristotle. More progress could be made now that learning was not entirely based upon the church. Ideas soon spread due to the invention of the printing press in Germany in 1469; an ability to communicate to the masses quickly and reliably was a major cultural achievement. Books became much more accessible, and this in turn was a factor in many people learning to read and write.
It was commonly known that Renaissance developed in Northern Europe later, in 16th century. The rebirth is used to mark an era of extensive cultural achievement as a result of renewed interest in the classical art and ideas of Ancient Greece and Rome. The most important idea of rebirth stays with the belief that through learning of intellectual and artistic treasures of the Greco-Roman antiquity could reach the artistic greatness, wisdom and enlightenment. The rediscovery of classical world drastically changed the art of painting. By the year 1500, the Renaissance revived ancient forms and content.
This ideology led Renaissance humanists to develop new divisions of history: antiquity, the Middle Ages and the golden age of rebirth. In contrast to their Dark Age counterparts, th... ... middle of paper ... ...ger 58). This was a radical concept, unexplored up until this point. By creating perfect physical beauty in his work, Michelangelo represented the essence of the supernatural and of the divine. In so doing, he employed the elements of classicism at the heart of the Renaissance, therefore portraying the change in religious philosophy at the time.
People now had a chance to start anew, with new ideas and a fresh approach to things, including religion. The Hundred Years War created instability and caused people to argue and then become more independent in their own thought, which led to new ideas and inventions. The Renaissance was referred to as the time of “rebirth” because it refers to the rebirth of classical art; creativity, thought and learning that took place during this time. This period is when the population grew back from the Wars and Plague and lasted from about 1350 A.D. to the mid 1600’s. People looking for a better way of life influenced Art and learning during the Renaissance.