The Influence of Roman Architecture to Modern Society According to Napoleon Bonaparte, “The story of the world is the story of Rome”. Ancient Roman contributions in the modern word can still be seen in today’s civilization. The formation of the Roman constitution is greatly influenced and highly regarded by many countries like the United States of America. Christianity is also originated in Rome and spread through one continent to another. Most importantly, Romans influence in arts such as painting, mosaics, sculptures, and architectures have captivates attention of many people around the globe.
With Humanism stirring a desire for learning and the need to express individualism, outlets for creativity were quickly being sought out. Italian cities were already filled with the classical art left over from the dead Roman Empire. Artists surrounded by this fine architecture and art could very easily find inspiration and begin working to resurrect the artistic styles around them. Elegance and grace in art and ideas flourished as a result, and the Renaissance took hold of the Italians. The success of the new invigoration of the country’s spirit contributed to a wealthy economy, particularly in cities such as Florence, which became a center for banking.
During the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, a revolutionary shift in the European cultural sphere placed human beings at the center of learning as the thoughts and artworks of man became infused with humanistic ideals. With time, such values, then held current in Italy, began to diffuse into other areas and produce each regions’ individual renaissance. Immediately following the Middle Ages, European civilization had begun to become characterized by interests in classical learning and values. This is evident in the very meaning of the term “renaissance”—rebirth. Italian artists and scholars viewed themselves as revitalizing the standards and achievements of classical Roman culture; some writers such as Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio studied Ancient Rome and Greece and sought to revive these cultures’ values, languages, and intellectual traditions after the long period of stagnation that trailed the fall of the Roman Empire.
The Renaissance had its start in Florence Italy and was inspired by the values of ancient Greece and ancient Rome. During the Renaissance, people from various levels of society began to study classical literature and art. Their studies were driven by pleasure and interest in learning from the past. The individual could make a difference here, and more attention was given to the development of an individual's potential. These beliefs made Renaissance a great period to live in, not only because it meant a new way of understanding the world based on its history, but also because the people of the Renaissance understood the importance of understanding one's past in order to build the future and make progress.
Europe after the Black Death moved into a period of intense creative revolution and advancement in all creative fields. This Renaissance period moved all aspects art and architecture away from the medieval gothic style and into a time of classical rejuvenation. The architectural side of this movement grew out of Italian cities like Florence, Venice and Rome and would greatly impact architectural design throughout the world for centuries. Among the most influential architects of this period was Leon Battista Alberti, a prodigious writer, thinker and designer from Florence. Alberti was raised during his most formative years, the first part of the 15th century, in the shadow of Brunelleschi.
Remarkable artists such as Michelangelo, Mantegna, Donatello, and Leonardo da Vinci were all induced by these cultural influences (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica). Greek and Roman culture played a considerable role in the formation of countless works of art, such as the Parnassus by Andrea Mantegna. Greek and Roman culture heavily influenced several marvelous works of art during the Renaissance (Impelluso 172). These magnificent works of art flawlessly told classic Greek and Roman mythological tales. These stories were told in paintings, statues, frescos, and other creative works of art (Wundram).
A rediscover of their history and recognition of early Greek philosophers changed the way that the influential families and Princes, in Italy, considered themselves. Their way of thinking of the Devine and need to promote one’s own aspirations through sponsorship of the arts, as well as, civic duty became not only fashionable but important to progress in the city states. Although Donatello’s David and Botticelli’s Primavera are master pieces in their own right, their influence on future generations of artists cannot be ignored. The spark that ignited the fire which we call the Renaissance was a transformation of societies thinking and values to a Humanistic approach to one duties to society and the church. These two works are a reflection of the changing attitudes which would eventually change all of
As a whole, the Renaissance is seen as an era of design, separate from the Middle Ages, where architects would study Roman buildings and strive to surpass those achievements, which resulted in this era becoming the foundation for later stylistic developments. Renaissance men like Leonardo Di Vinci, an incredible painter, engineer, inventor, and architect, along with Michelangelo, an exquisite painter, sculptor, poet, and arguably the greatest architect throughout history, began this great movement influenced by science,... ... middle of paper ... ...mage representative of an entire era. Because classical antiquity was revived during the Italian Renaissance, the practitioners of art and design developed new techniques for developing a structure and paved the way for future designers. Modern interior design practitioners borrow many ideas from these Italian pioneers of art and culture, such as high ceilings, ornate floors, and fresco painted walls, which are design techniques indicative of the Italian Renaissance period (Houzz.com, 2012). Being that each room should coincide with the taste and style of the resident and the cultural norms in the society, designers and architects led the way for a new era where proportion and design of the room were unified as a whole.
The word “Renaissance” is defined as rebirth or revival. In the European civilization, the renaissance of art, literature, painting, music shared in certain trends and influences. When we talked about the Renaissance, we generally mean the period of western European history from 1400 to 1600. The Renaissance gradually spreads through Italy and Western Europe. As it did, people grew interested in giving new life to Greek and Roman styles of art and architecture.
To this, the Renaissance should not only be seen as an essential part of European history, but its ideals should also be credited philosophically for improving and influencing different developing societies through the ages. The Renaissance was a series of literary and cultural movements that began in Italy and spread into other parts of Europe in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries; however, the Renaissance may have extended before and beyond these centuries. The term renaissance means "rebirth," from the belief that Europeans rediscovered Greek and Roman, Classical, culture after many centuries of intellectual and Trapasso 2 cultural decline called the Middle Ages. Many philosophers from the Classical Period, along with the new philosophy of humanism, gave ideas that greatly contributed to the Renaissance. The Renaissance was affected by the Classical era in literature and art, curiosity and individualism, and culture.