The Theory Of Caring In Nursing's Effect On Patients

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The Theory of Caring in Nursing’s Effect on Patient Outcomes Nursing theory is a vital part of the nursing profession. Theories are developed from nurses who have seen an issue in the nursing field and have developed a way to solve the issue that they have encountered. These theories have changed, not only the way the world views nurses, but also the kind of care nurses perform. Florence Nightingale discovered while taking care of patients that the environment which the patient was surrounded had an impact on the patient’s health. Doreatha Orem’s theory states that a patient will recover from illness and procedures more quickly if they are taught how to care for themselves before discharge. Madeleine Leininger’s nursing theory states that…show more content…
Watson’s theory emphasizes the relationship between how patients receive care from nurses, how patients perceive the care they receive, and how nurses and other healthcare personnel perceive the roles that they are in and the care that they provide (Finkelman & Kenner, 2016, pg. 278). Watson believes that when a patient is able to experience a higher degree of harmony in the mind, body, and soul through a transpersonal caring relationship provided from the nurse that this enables the patient to heal more quickly (Ranhei et al., 2012,). The elements of the caring theory include the transpersonal caring relationship, caritas process, and caring occasion and caring moment. The caritas word comes from the Greek language meaning to cherish and to give special loving attention to. Watson thought that the nurse should use ten caritas as a guide on how he or she approached the patient. The ten caritas processes are 1) altruistic values and loving kindness; 2) faith, hope, and honor; 3) being sensitive to self and others; 4) helping, trusting, caring relationships; 5) promoting and accepting feelings; 6) problem-solving methods; 7) teaching and learning; 8) creating a healing environment; 9) assisting with human needs; and 10) openness to mystery and allowing miracles (Arslan-Ozkan et al., 2014, pg.…show more content…
This study consisted of two groups of women. The first group was the intervention group. This group was exposed to nursing care based on Watson’s Theory of Caring. After consulting with Watson and nursing academic personnel that specialized in infertility, a decision was made to focus nursing care using caritas 4, 5, 6, and 7. Caritas 4 focused on initiating interaction and communicating with the patients, while caritas 5 focused on the level of distress of infertility, self-efficacy, and adjustment. Caritas 6 assisted in achieving solutions to problems of influence, self-efficacy, and adjustment problems, and caritas 7 focused on teaching and applying relaxation exercises to enhance coping mechanisms. The second group was the control group. Both groups received in-vitro fertilization every 14-18 days and the women would come to be interviewed every two to three days. The intervention group interviews were organized according to the notes that were taken during the 45-90 minute interviews. The intervention group’s interviews included active listening techniques, empathy, touching, expressions of prior experiences of infertility, providing social support, promoting and accepting positive and negative feelings, encouragement, empowerment, motivation, and positive
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