Isaac Newton did several thing that positively affected the scientific community during the Scientific Revolution and still affect society today, he recognized the three laws of motion, discovered gravity, and co-developed calculus. The scientific revolution was a time of inquisition, discovery, and new ideas. The scientific revolution started at the end of the renaissance, with Nicholas Copernicus, who said that the earth revolves around the sun. and ended in the late 18th century, with Isaac Newton, who proposed the three universal laws of motion, and proposed a mechanical universe.1 The scientific revolution lay a foundation for what is now modern science. Many achievements in the numerous fields of science where accomplished in this time period.
The phrase, “I think, therefore I am” was the solution ... ... middle of paper ... ...y different in ideology than the other Enlightened thinkers, Rousseau nonetheless, used the power of thought, knowledge, and doubt that was promoted during the Scientific Revolution. The main goal of the Enlightenment was to popularize the scientific method to be used to change the values and mindset of the western world. It was to use the Scientific Revolution as a basis to alter the study of human behavior—by studying it rationally. In continuation of popularizing the advance of science and philosophy, many works were translated and published in the vernacular so that as many as possible could be exposed to these ideas. The Scientific Revolution started with scientists and philosophers like Galileo and Francis Bacon, and expanded into the Enlightenment, where all educated people could be party to the dispersion of the ideas of Newton, Voltaire, and Rousseau.
With the invention of newer technology, scholars were able to make closer observations for how different concepts of the science worked. With these scientific breakthroughs scholars and philosophers, who were mainly Christian, of this time of the Scientific Revolution made a pathway for a more efficient way of life. Natural Philosophy was used in the early 1500s by Enlightenment thinkers. It can be defined as the “study of the nature of the universe, its purpose, and how it functioned” (McKay, 504) All belief about the universe and its structure was based on Aristotle’s hypothesis. He believed the Earth was the center of the universe.
Writing in the early part of the 17th century, Bacon painted a tempting picture of a world guided by scientific insight in his seminal work “New Atlantis.” In this work, Bacon reveals his ideas for science and its future, and shows how they could work to improve the world and its inhabitants. His primary focus is the group effort that science requires in order to work as efficiently as possible. Bacon understood that this process would inevitably be slow, but emphasized that it was this kind of slow progress that would lead to clear understanding of the universal laws that guide nature. The man who discovered many of these underlying laws of nature, and lent his name to the physics that describe them was Isaac Newton. Born not long after Bacon’s death, Newton would provide evidence for the existence of these natural laws, and support his theories with scientific experimentation, even developing a new kind of mathematics, infinitesimal calculus, in order to provide support for his theories.
Scientific Revolution, a period of new discoveries, the year of 17th to 19th century, was the result of Scientific Method. Scientific Method uses observation and experimentation to prove theories.The use of Scientific Method helped Europeans to remove the fallacies about science. The enhanced their critical thinking and observation skills to do experiments in physics, chemistry and biology. These experimentations built theories in science subjects that revolutionized the era.. There were beliefs like sun and all the other planets move around earth.
A key discovery was that of Copernicus’ heliocentric theory (2). The heliocentric theory proposed that the sun was at the centre of the universe as opposed to the earth which was the common belief held strongly at the time. Copernicus discovered that the sun was at the centre of the universe, and that the moon orbited the earth while the earth orbited the sun. This theory raised profound qu... ... middle of paper ... ...e Enlightenment regarded science as a great benefit to the world as being on a trajectory of continuous development and improvement by further building on the discoveries of the scientific revolution (8). The Enlightenment was a period in which these scientific discoveries that were previously band by the Catholic Church, e.g the revelations and all works ascribed to the motion of the earth on the index of the forbidden books.
Galileo’s great contribution to science was the telescope, however his greater contribution was the gift of awareness and knowledge. Before Galileo, it was generally accepted that the earth was the center of the universe. This was not based upon data or facts, but merely because the church said so. Prior to the seventeenth century, Europe was stuck in the med-evil era of church teachings. With Galileo’s telescope, however, he was able to show that the sun rather than the earth was the center of the universe.
Nicholaus Copernicus’ theory regarding the movement of the planets and the position of the sun and Earth has had a profound effect on the scientific understanding of the solar system. His ideas were originally met with opposition due to religious beliefs of the time. By publishing his theory, Copernicus set the stage for a drastic and positive change in scientific and religious beliefs. Nicholaus Copernicus is one of the most well known astronomers of all time. He is even labeled as the founder of modern astronomy for the proposition of his heliocentric theory (“Nicolaus Copernicus”, Scientists: Their Lives and Works).
In the centuries preceding the Scientific Revolution people attempted to understand natural phenomena through the lenses of doctrine and philosophical speculation. Scientists were content with to rely on a synthesis of Aristotelian framework and dogma in attempt to describe the world. During the Scientific Revolution scientists began to embrace empiricism as a way to better understand the intricacies of nature. Unlike today scientists during the Scientific Revolution didn’t see a dichotomy between science and religion. Scientists’ chief motivation in investigating nature was to add empirical support for the concept of divine design; the belief that held that God established order in the universe according to discernible principles.
The Scientific Revolution: A New View of the World Herbert Butterfield stated that, "Since the Scientific Revolution overturned the authority in science not only of the middle ages but of the ancient world...it outshines everything since the rise of Christianity." During the scientific revolution Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton all voiced their opinions that contradicted the views of the church. Before the Scientific Revolution, the Bible or Greek philosophers such as Aristotle or astronomers like Claudius Ptolemy, whose ideas were sanctioned by the church, answered any questions regarding the natural world. In the bible it writes, "Mankind is the most important of God's creations and occupies the centre of his universe." Astronomers therefore stated that, "The earth is at the centre of the universe.