The Italian Renaissance was the start of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change. Italy in this time was very wealthy yet very unstable due to strikes and revolts by Italian textile workers. It was during this period of instability that the first Renaissance figures, such as “Dante and Petrarch lived” (Italian renaissance 3), and the first works of Renaissance art were not seen until the opening half of the 14th century. The 14th cent... ... middle of paper ... ...two different cultures to become one of the most memorable and talked about events in European history. The Italian Renaissance taught many lessons to the English lessons that were used to strengthen and nurture a new stronger more diverse English culture.
During the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, a revolutionary shift in the European cultural sphere placed human beings at the center of learning as the thoughts and artworks of man became infused with humanistic ideals. With time, such values, then held current in Italy, began to diffuse into other areas and produce each regions’ individual renaissance. Immediately following the Middle Ages, European civilization had begun to become characterized by interests in classical learning and values. This is evident in the very meaning of the term “renaissance”—rebirth. Italian artists and scholars viewed themselves as revitalizing the standards and achievements of classical Roman culture; some writers such as Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio studied Ancient Rome and Greece and sought to revive these cultures’ values, languages, and intellectual traditions after the long period of stagnation that trailed the fall of the Roman Empire.
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the eruption of great thinking and creativity began to cascade over places like England, France, Spain, and Germany. The concepts and beliefs behind the Renaissance were dispersed through the lands through many different mediums. For example, with the wealth of Italy stemming from the Renaissance, trade effectively exchanged ideas from country to country. This led artists from the north to travel down to Italy in quest of knowledge, wanting to learn the new styles and techniques. Italian artists also travelled northward, escaping a war that had broken out between Italian kingdoms.
(Backman, 2013) The Renaissance combined the elements of antiquity along with political, social, and economic motivations to create a widespread movement. Over the course of the fourteenth century, the old social and political structures broke down, allowing new concepts to arise. The cultural elite found that those concepts could be used for their own elevation. Italy was not one nation; it was comprised of various city-states. All of which were competing for civic pride, trade and wealth.
• Renaissance or “rebirth” is a cultural movement that has started in Italy during late 14th century and expanded to early 17th century. • Renaissance was a bridge that allowed Western Europe to move from the medieval era to the modern era. Renaissance later spread to other parts of Europe. • Advances in technology allowed art and architecture to flourish during the renaissance era. • Cities like Florence in Italy saw a spike of artists and architects who have changed from mere paid skilled laborers to professional artists.
The Renaissance period (1400 to 1700) covered art, literature, philosophy and government. Renaissance culture spread outwards from Florence, to other Italian cities and then, over the following centuries, to the rest of Europe. It is widely understood that it was a unique combination of several different influences that led to the Renaissance, with the social and political conditions of the era, combined with great wealth and the large number of talented artists and artisans in Florence; influencing cultural development on an exceptional scale. Europe in the 15th Century depended on Italy for much of its commerce. Italy itself was made up of city-states in which power was shared by leading families.
Europe after the Black Death moved into a period of intense creative revolution and advancement in all creative fields. This Renaissance period moved all aspects art and architecture away from the medieval gothic style and into a time of classical rejuvenation. The architectural side of this movement grew out of Italian cities like Florence, Venice and Rome and would greatly impact architectural design throughout the world for centuries. Among the most influential architects of this period was Leon Battista Alberti, a prodigious writer, thinker and designer from Florence. Alberti was raised during his most formative years, the first part of the 15th century, in the shadow of Brunelleschi.
... ... middle of paper ... ...litical scientist" (Rhu 326). The Renaissance is perceived as a time of intellectual and creative growth, and, indeed, the arts and architectural accomplishments of the era bear out this perception. The two centuries denoted as the Renaissance in Italy are also known as a period of growth in the sciences, with such known personages as Leonardo de Vinci making strides into mathematics, anatomy and other sciences that would open the door for the empirical investigations of later centuries. The greatest of the Italian Renaissance writers, Niccolo Machiavelli, mirrors one of the least known attributes of the time, the social relegation of females. Although it is a time where the role of women is enlarged to some degree, it continues to place strictures on the place and meaning of women that were forged in the writings of the ancient Greeks, such as Aristotle.
With the Medici’s holding of the Pope’s personal bank... ... middle of paper ... ...survived the test of time, its influence on the effects of the Renaissance have survived. This is apparent in the evolution and periods of Art, Literature, Music, and Intellectual works that has been developed and has thrived across the backdrop of history. An example of how important the Medici influence was on the Renaissance can be seen at the Laurentian Library in Florence which was designed by Michelangelo. The collection of Medici family books has been called one of the most important and prestigious collections of antique books in Italy. Additionally, many of the commissioned works such the Sistine Chapel, the sculpture of David, and the Last Judgment are enjoyed by millions of tourists each year.
Machiavelli’s The Prince is a classic literary example of Renaissance writing in the ideas it conveys and how it conveys them. The Renaissance, a time of cultural achievements and economic and political evolution, developed out of the plague, famine, and death of the fourteenth century. As opposed to the Middle Ages, the Renaissance introduced such ideas that embodied three characteristics: individualism, humanism, and secularism. With the arrival of the Renaissance came the cultural evolution and the introduction of many remarkable individuals, such as Michelangelo. Due to the emphasis in the Middle Ages to religion, individualism during the period was nonexistent because of the Christian determent of self-absorption.