Assessment of the French Revolution The radical phase of the French Revolution was the time when the Reign of Terror began. The radicalism (change in political and social condition of France) started with the emerged of republican (a system of no king) view among the people of France especially the Jacobins. Those who wanted republican became more active aiming to overthrow the king by finding faults on him. What they hoped was aided by King Louis XVI himself after he tried to escape from France to join the émigrés forces over the frontier but failed and his veto on several decrees such as decree by which I January 1792 was the fixed day on which the émigrés must be return to France or be sentenced to death, decree concerning non-juring priest and the formation of an army to protect Paris had led him to be distrust by the people and further strengthen the republican view. Other factors that led to the radical phase was the external event whereby with the Declaration of Pillnitz and Manifesto war break out between the Great Powers , Belgium, Holland against the revolutionary army.
He, as a member of the Committee of Public Safety, saw thousands of “traitors” slaughtered for speaking out against the radical turn the revolution had taken. It was Robespierre’s death in 1794 that eventually ended the bloody revolution, though it left France in a bloody mess, leaving the way open for Napoleon to take control.
Because of the war the king was fighting, the government were bankrupt.With food prices on the rise and the king with his hand out the people needed resolution. Robespierre enlighten the French people with his idea of a new Republic. On January 20,1793, the French government, led by the radical Jacobins, ordered that Louis the XVI be executed for treason The Jacobin leader executed the king..and a new revolution was born. Robespierre was on the rise. Robespierre promised the people Revolutionary, but instead gave them the Reign of Terror.
Everybody was trying to be more independent from the monarchy. The Parliaments, who before Louis XIV, had the right to veto the king's legislation, all changed when Louis XIV had made it illegal to veto. This had diminished any kind of check or balance that had existed in France. This decision by Louis XIV made the Parliaments rebel against Louis XVI. Louis XVI, who had not been a very strong king to begin with, sat idle while the Parliaments reduced his power.
Many people of France wanted the "reign of terror", the Jacobin's dictatorship, and the democratic revolution to end. The Convention finally attacked Robesspiere in 1794, and he was executed the following day. The "reign of terror",had finally ended. The Conservatives drove the Jacobins out of power. They replaced the Democratic constitution with the Directory.
Surely the terror could not have been in their minds at this time? Surely it was not inherent from the start. By 1791 their had been a constitutional monarchy with the revolutions mission complete, now major changes would have to be made to ensure that the country benefited from this change, but this would be hard, the church had already been abolished and its funds taken to resolve the spiralling debt problems. A lot of groups had been set up to fight the revolutionary committee including the Monarchiens and the Noirs. The main opposition came from ... ... middle of paper ... ...Robespierre now had complete supremacy to endorse their full-on terror.
The radical forces were able to gain the support of the citizens in declaring that the constitution of 1791 was ineffective and useless since it did not suit the needs of ALL the population of France. The declaration of the rights of man and of citizen did not include women, slaves, and minorities as well as not giving any specific shape to the government Another cause of the radical stage was the grow of a counter revolution. All those dissatisfied with the new reform wanted the grand catholic army to overthrow the new french government. The sans-culottes stood
The French revolution “broke” Europe. The whole world changed once the effects of the revolution spread through Europe. The series of events that followed the revolution because of the revolution shapes the world today. The general population (the 3rd estate) had enough of absolutism. King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette were unpopular.
Socially disenfranchised, the Third Estate, comprised of France's rural and urban peasantry; and the wealthy, but not noble, bourgeoisie, also suffered political underrepresentation. As an absolute monarch, King Louis XVI was granted total authority over the French government. Ascending to the throne in 1774, Louis ha... ... middle of paper ... ... a sense of legitimacy and pushed the bourgeoisies' cries for government reform into the public arena. Over the following two weeks, Louis would go on to take further actions with would, unbeknownst to him, further fan the flame of revolution. His orders to have troops surround the cities of Paris and Versailles, although made in an attempt to appease French nobility, was seen as a threat to members of the Third Estate.
Almost instantaneously after the death of Louis XVI in 1793, the Committee of Public Safety took over with Maximilien de Robespierre as head. Those in control believed that anyone blocking their path to liberty should be annihilated, and went to many extents to do so. From 1793 to 1794 France was in the midst of the Reign of Terror, which was characterized by mass executions. Those who supported the revolution thought of the executions as a step on the path to liberty; however, others stood firmly against the revolution as did many outside of France. Those who called themselves patriots thought the executions would sweep out obstructions on the path to victory.