Musculoskeletal System Research Paper

995 Words4 Pages
Musculoskeletal Disorders are disorders that affect the human body’s movement and/or musculoskeletal system (such as muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, discs, blood vessels, etc.). The musculoskeletal system has a make up of bones in the skeleton as well as muscles, tendons and joints but also other connective tissue that sustain and join tissues and organs together. The primary functions of the musculoskeletal system are to support the body, allow motion, and protect vital organs. Bones There are 206 different bones in the skeleton. (25 Doctors, 2017) The main bones are: • The Skull - Cranium, Mandible and Maxilla. In the skull there are 22 bones. • Spine - Cervical area, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum and Coccyx. This is an area that is affected…show more content…
The ankle is a common place where Tendonitis can be found. • Foot - Tarsals, Metatarsals and Phalanges. Bones are formed due to the ossification of cartilage. This means that in the womb, bones start off as cartilage that becomes hard bone as we grown. Calcium is needed for the bone to strengthen, which is why infants drink milk. These are the different types of bones: • Long bone – these are the longest bones in the body such as the Femur, Humerus and Tibia . Long bones are identified by them having a body that is longer than it is wide. • Short bones – these include Carpals and Tarsals .These are identified by them being nearly as wide as they are long. • Flat bones – these include Scapula, sternum, cranium, os coxae, pelvis and ribs . Their main function is to provide protection to the body’s vital organs as well as being a base for muscular attachment. • Irregular bones – these include vertebrae, sacrum and mandible . The mainly consist of cancellous bone and a thin outer layer of compact bone. • Sesamoid bone – these include Patella and Pisiform . These bones are usually short or irregular bones which are embedded in a
Open Document