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The Pros and Cons of Outsourcing

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Outsourcing has been around for many years. In this paper I will discuss some of the history of outsourcing, the goods things about outsourcing, and the bad things about outsourcing.

Outsourcing is important because many companies rely on it in order to get many different products and services to their facility on time and in good shape. Outsourcing is a huge part of the business industry today. Any business can be affected by outsourcing. No matter how big or small a business is a business is able to outsource services that they could not do profitable on their own.

Outsourcing is shifting all of the costs-accounting costs, including personnel, plus the risk of failure and the responsibility for action-to the third party. In return for assuming costs, the third party benefits by controlling the operation (Coughlan 167). This is the basic definition of what outsourcing is. Outsourcing has been around from the beginning of time. In the movie, ?It Started With the Greeks,? they talk about how the Ionians found out that they could go around the world and find products that people back in their home town would buy. This essentially started the idea of outsourcing since the people who wanted the product was unable to get it but, they were able to have someone else do it for them. Once people knew that they could get anything that they wanted from around the world it lead into consumerism. So once someone got the idea to start and do this full time as a job they were able to outsource anything that they wanted.

There are many reasons for a company to want to outsource the services or products that they need or want. Six of the biggest reasons for companies to outsource are motivation, specialization, survival of the economically fittest, economies of scale, heavier market coverage, and independence from any single manufacturer.

? Motivation- outside parties have high-powered incentives to do their jobs well because they are independent companies, accepting risk in return for the prospect of rewards. Both positive motivation (profit) and negative motivation (fear of loss) spur the third party to perform. Sales agents, for example are often more willing to prospect for customers. They are more persistent and more inclined to offer a trial close to a negation than are company sales people.
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