Sudan, which is located in northeast Africa, is ranked number 190 based on the amount of migrants per thousand people with a total of -4.44 migrants per thousand people. For roughly 12 years (from 2001-2013), Sudan has faced many challenges that push it’s people out of the land and pull them towards other places. These factors are known as push and pull factors. Even though there are many challenges that come with immigration, the results are more rewarding than what they would have been in Sudan. After migrating out of Sudan, these Sudanese migrants also face long-term consequences because of their decision to move.
There are multiple push and pull factors of this journey. The migration of the people of Darfur out of Sudan was a voluntary migration because the refugees wanted to move to better places and there were no laws that pushed them away from Sudan. One push factor was that their homes were regularly raided. “Many Sudanese from marginalized areas such as Many Sudanese from marginalised areas such as South Sudan and Darfur live in camps on the fringes of Khartoum. These are regularly raided by the police, and homes demolished, in order to relocate their inhabitants (without advance warning or the right to appeal) further into the deserts on the outskirts of the capital. They often have no access to basic facilities such as water, housing and transport.” Although this was an attempt from the government to push the Sudanese out of their homes, they could have stayed if they wanted to, therefore, this was a voluntary movement (Verney, pgs. 14-15). Another factor would be that their homes would be attacked by Sudanese forces and the Janjaweed militia. “In 2003, two Darfuri rebel movements- the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and t...
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