Web. 7 Feb 2014. . "The Neolithic Revolution and the Birth of Civilization." World Civilizations. Pearson Education, Inc..
The Neolithic Revolution, which also called the Agricultural Transformation, took place between 10,000 and 8,000 years old in the Near East. This revolution began at the time that people started to practice farming. The growth of population made people to develop a new ability to adapt with the needs of the communities and to start to gather together in order to build up larger groups. The expansion of larger society and the development of farming provided more secure for the economic at that time. Bands of people make the transition from hunter/gathers/wanderer to settled life because people had more knowledge about their livelihood in the developing world.
As archaeologists dated 9,000 B.C.E as a period of shift from Paleolithic era to the Neolithic era, it is mostly known as the development of agriculture. Agricultural Revolution started spreading across the globe at practically the same time as of the modern time middle eastern region. And also, the evidence suggests that, the warming phase of the earth and rapidly growing population had force the nomadic people of this region into farming. They started gathering wild seeds, roots, and other plants and begun planting for more food supply. With close observation, they soon learned the characteristic of plants, and started selective domesticating the plant that were beneficial to them and the climate of that region.
I believe it was better for many reasons, including food production, more advanced tools and weapons, and the immense population increase, although people who believe that foraging was better did prove some valid points. Farming or agriculture was a major improvement over foraging. One noticeable difference in this time period was humans began using more complex tools to do more advanced techniques of farming. They also began domesticating plants and animals, this was one of the leading factors of the beginning of agriculture. This was a huge turning point for humans everywhere.
Farming then transitioned into food production that allowed the people to control their crops and produce their own food. The move to the life of the farmer and producer brought advantages however there was an increase in the disadvantages. Elaborating more on population, the reproductive fitness of the people around this time increased. Although there was a large increase of malnourishment and mortality rates, the population still increased. It was still balanced.
The enclosure increased the amount of food produced and the food supply. The enclosure allowed the continuation of innovations and inventions to help increase food production. The land was used more efficiently. The decisions on what crops to plant were not made communally as like in the village method. The farmers would use crop rotation and had more manure to use as fertilizer.
Inventing the seed plow was a huge breakthrough in those times. The creation made it easier for farmers to plow and produce more crops at a faster rate. Without the first invention of the seed plow, farmers throughout the years would find it harder to make a living and supply crops to suppliers. Animals play a big role in the agricultural process. Animals were used to pull the ploughs through the fields dropping the seeds and tilling the land for easier planting.
These two new lifeways had both their advantages and disadvantages. Both lifeways involved one major transition in which human behavior and the environment in which people could live changed. The Hunter-Gatherers were a simple people who relied on getting food from hunting animals and gathering fruit, nuts, berries, and grains. They mainly lived in the Paleolithic era, which is also known as the Stone Age. Both men and women provided food for the groups, and were considered as equals.
Farmers want to know about the good that they are doing. Farmer’s want to know how they are saving the environment, and how they are producing more food, and feeding more people than they were before. If we all work together, feeding the nine will be possible, and even likely. Farmers need to know how much they are needed, for this process and know that new ways of farming will help in the long run. People don’t have to change their diets so everyone can be fed.