Analyzing Early Mesopotamian Civilization

1087 Words3 Pages

When analyzing ancient civilization and how it began, there are many elements and aspects that should be considered. Questions such as how did civilization begin? What lead to its creation? Where did it begin, and why in that particular location? Many of these questions can be examined and answered by researching what many believe is the world’s earliest civilization, Mesopotamia. It is widely believed that this region was chosen and supported one of the world’s first civilizations. This area was settled over 10,000 years ago by a group of people known as the Sumerians (Cunningham & Reich, 2010).

Why was this early civilization formed? There are many reasons as to why the Sumerians established the world’s first society. Many of the reasons evolved out of basic necessity or out of simple convenience. One of the most significant reasons was food, which until early cities evolved, finding food often meant traveling from place to place looking for food. Finding food was also usually done alone or as a group of family members. The Sumerians establishment of an early civilization helped to greatly reduce that burden, by staying in one region as a community and taking advantage of what was available nearby. This created a communal approach to finding food sources as well as significantly reducing the amount of energy consumed by constantly moving from place to place in search of food.

Farming also became a steady source of food for the early civilization. With established dwellings, communities were able to create crude irrigation systems to support their crops in the very dry dessert like climate. Domestication of animals also became a possibility as well with the more permanent living situation the early civilization h...

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... of the Sumerians, a number of significant battles with another fledgling Mesopotamian civilization, the Akkadians, would lead to a loss of control over their city and most of their land. The Akkadians would eventually gain complete control over all of the Sumerian city-states and would ultimately spell the end for the creators of the original Mesopotamian civilization.

Works Cited

Cunningham, L., & Reich, J. J. (2010). Culture and values: a survey of the humanities (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Hirst, K. K. (n.d.). Mesopotamia Timeline and Definition. About Archaeology - The Study of Human History. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from

Hooker, R. (1999). Mesopotamia. Washington State University - Pullman, Washington. Retrieved April 15, 2011, from

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