The Key fact however is that in April 1789, France was governed under absolute monarchy but by November it was a constitutional monarch. Therefore, this change was a direct result of the occurrences within this time period. In 1788 Louis XVI had had to call the Estates General to ward off the Revolt of the Nobles. Effectively, it was at this point that absolutism began to crack. The fact that a representative assembly needed to be called to help govern was very democratic and very against the policy of absolutism.
What motivations and objectives would my character have? My character would wish not to be killed by the people who are relying on me to work for their benefit. My goals are reforming the government and laws to give equal rights to all male citizens of France and also making political alliances that will give me leverage to help the people of Bordeaux. Questions and answers 1. What are landmark events that have occurred in France Since June 17th 1789?
Across the Atlantic, the Americans had already begun and ended their revolution, becoming a nation independent of Great Britain. Furthermore, these two examples were only recent endeavors made by the citizens of their nation: The creation of British Parliament would happen within an English revolution. The Enlightenment would strike the world in the Eighteenth Century with new ideas and ways of thinking, ways that influenced the American and French Revolutions. All of this would soon affect the French enough to rebel against the monarchy and take over the government. At the conclusion of the French Revolution, King Louis XVI and absolutist monarchy would be found headless, Republicanism would be found instilled into the government of France, and, soon after, the French people would be under not a king but an emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte.
Gaining the title “the Preserver of the Revolution”, Napoleon Bonaparte transformed French society’s structure, while leaving a legacy of cultural memory. To suit Napoleon’s imperial form of rule, he adapted the key goals of the Revolution, including liberty, equality, and fraternity. Sovereignty now belonged to the people of the nation with the abolishment of feudalism. Napoleon incorporated sovereignty in his master plan ideology through the process of containment, a more centralized governance in order to establish a system of behavior among the population. Many historian scholars dispute whether Napoleon protected or betrayed the ideals of the French Revolution, but it is certain he consolidated the principles into rule and culture.
Surely the terror could not have been in their minds at this time? Surely it was not inherent from the start. By 1791 their had been a constitutional monarchy with the revolutions mission complete, now major changes would have to be made to ensure that the country benefited from this change, but this would be hard, the church had already been abolished and its funds taken to resolve the spiralling debt problems. A lot of groups had been set up to fight the revolutionary committee including the Monarchiens and the Noirs. The main opposition came from ... ... middle of paper ... ...Robespierre now had complete supremacy to endorse their full-on terror.
The National Assembly was created to pass laws, and reforms for the French. To prevent the peasants and merchants from meeting and rebeling, the government unsuccessfully tried locking the revolutionaries out of their meeting place. Instead of stopping the revolutionaries, the revolutionaries went down the street and held their meeting at the tennis courts. There, they pledged to stay until they created their new constitution. The revolutionaries became more united because of they all wanted to see a change in the government, and they were more united because they had drafted their own constitution they would all follow.
The Clergy also had to swear an oath of loyalty to the nation and the property of the church was given to the state. In 1791, France was made a constitutional monarchy due to the publication of a new constitution. This new constitution made citizens equal, marriage a civil contract and nobility titles to end. This caused conflict to rise between the three different estates and a counter-revolution to form. King Louis XVI and his family attempted to flee from France along with some other nobles and clergy to join the counter-revolution, but failed.
Based off of Enlightenment thought, the passing of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 was the beginning for this nationalistic movement. From the Declaration came the Reign of Terror, led by the National Convention. Enlightenment thought and the idea of equal rights were warped and mislead during the Terror. After the execution of one of the Convention’s main leaders, Maximillien Robespierre, France entered into a period of well-needed recovery and regrouping. This period of recovery was led by the French Directory.
Prior to the National Assembly, France was being ruled over by an absolute monarch that had no ability to solve the problems the nation faced. So as the National Assembly began to meet and made it clear that they were going to fix the problems of France with or without the other estates, Louis saw this as a problem. So Louis XVI th... ... middle of paper ... ..., classes, unfair taxation and embracing the idea that all men are equal under the law (Declaration of the rights of men 1789). In conclusion the changes implemented by the Bourgeoisie from adopted enlightened ideas would not have been so without the coincidental help from the peasant’s violent rebellions, because their efforts would have been squandered from the beginning. However the Bourgeoisie was more effective in driving changes during the Revolution because they had “enlightened” goals such as putting an end to the classes and the absolute monarchy, rather than the instinctual goals of the peasants which were to rebel out of anger with the hope of lowering the prices of food and ending starvation.
Napoleon created a new form of government in France, reshaped the boundaries of Europe and influenced revolutionaries and nationalists all over the world. Emperor Napoleon I had created a new kind of state in which certain revolutionary ideas (equality under the law, careers open to merit rather than birth, the abolition of feudalism) were combined with an authoritarian state structure and a new nobility to those who served the state well. As time passed, Napoleon increasingly emulated the court of the old regime monarchy. He hoped to take his place among the legitimate monarchs of Europe and even married a Hapsburg to establish his credentials. Therefore I conclude that Napoleon can neither be defined as either the betrayer or the defender of the Revolution only as mixture between the two.