When play involves adults, children “lose some of the benefits play offers them, particularly in developing creativity, leadership, and group skills” (Ginsburg 3). It is crucial for children to participate in unstructured play because it teaches them how to consider the feelings or views of their peers (Morgan 2). With children learning to consider the feelings and views of others, it exposes them to vital social skills like working in groups, sharing, negotiating, how to resolve conflicts, and learning self-advocacy skills (Ginsburg 3). It is through unstructured play children are able to create and explore their own world. Children are able to create a world where they can master and conquer their fears while practicing adult roles (Ginsburg 3).
Briggs, M and Hansen, A (2012) Play-based learning in the primary school. Sage, Los Angeles. Van Hoorn, J, Monighan Nourot, P, Scales, B & Rodriguez Alward, K 2011, Play at the Center of the Curriculum, 5th edn, Pearson, New Jersey. Preschool Learning Alliance, 2013, Learning Through Play, Last accessed 7 April 2014, . Carle, E, 1969, The Very Hungry Caterpillar.
According to these authors, when children are exposed to child-led play they “increase their social competence and emotional maturity…. verbal and nonverbal skills… respond to their peers’ feelings… experiment with roles”(SOURCE!!!!). They skills that a child can acquire through the simple act of playing are essential to their healthy development. Children can “increase their social competence and emotional maturity” by learning how to relieve stress and cope with their feeling while playing. For example, a young child may learn that when they are sad, they can play with their toys in such a way that d... ... middle of paper ... ...velop gross motor skills by learning to crawl, then walk, then run.
Manipulative materials can be used in different ways depending on the focus of the type of play. There are many benefits/values that manipulatives can bring to pre-kindergarten and kindergarten programs. Manipulatives can be used as an aid to strengthen students learning and differentiate instruction. Because not all students learn
2013. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/hayley-krischer/heres-one-way-to-wreck-a-childs-education-take-away-recess_b_4149596.html National Organization for Sport and Physical Education (2006). POSITION STATEMENT. Retrieved from http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/upload/recess-for-elementary-school-students-2006.pdf Ridgeway,A., Northup, J., Pellegrin, A.,LaRue, R., & Hightshoe, A. (2003).
The power of play in the early learning environment. Retrieved from http://www.teachpreschool.org/2012/07/the-power-of-play-in-the-learning-environment/. Toddler develoment. (2012, November). Retrieved from http://www.kaahe.org/health/en/873-toddler-development/873-8-toddler-development-summary.html Unknown (2010).
2.5.2 Social play Social play is defined as play that occurs in the interaction of children with caregivers or other children. Typically, social play is not classified as a unique category of play because any type of play – object play, pretend play, and physical play – has the potential to be enacted alone or with others (Tarman & Tarman, 2011). White (2012) in her study “the power of play” explains that interactions within play scenarios, however, provide great benefits to children whether their partners are adults or peers, and are therefore worthy of note. In her study which focused on how children can benefit from play and imagination in early childhood, she notes that with age and increasingly mature social capacities, children’s interactive
“Erikson stressed the importance of the life- rehearsal element in fantasy play, suggesting that it helps children come to terms with social issues such as loneliness, failure and disappointment” (Curtis & O’Hagan 2003). These problems exist in everyday li... ... middle of paper ... ...). The importance of play in adulthood. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child.53. 51-64 Batra, S. (Jul2013).
According to Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, “ It seems to me that from the point of development, play is not the predominant form of activity for helping younger children learn it is the LEADING source of development” (Armstrong, Thomas) Play also helps promote social learning skills for the children. This is due to the fact that while children are playing certain games, for example “house”, children are able to create roles based on what he or she experiences around themselves in everyday life, and forces then to be able to adjust their own play behavior to accommodate to the needs and demands of their peers. Social and emotional growth is also an area that play education helps children develop in, through play children are able to safely and constructively express their emotions and concerns in a constructive way. For example you may have your students use puppets to manipulate the way that they feel or draw pictures of their emotions and how they should handle their feelings. When children start playing they are able to mix the contents of their imaginations with the real world and through this process they are able to create something s... ... middle of paper ... ...solving and pre-literacy & concentration.
It can help on a basic level of increasing a child’s motor skills, to helping children understand complex social situations. Puppets can be used individually or as a collective depending on a child’s age and development. Piaget proposed that play and imitation where important for a child’s development. Part of this idea was the notion that children play for their own enjoyment. However when they imitate, they do so to understand the world around them.