The Importance of Immunizations

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Immunizations have been created to keep children and adults safe and healthy. They are recommended to begin early in life when they are the most vulnerable and to keep them from being exposed to something life-threatening. You can find a schedule of immunizations relating to the age of the children by viewing the CDC website or asking your physicians office. Starting at birth the newborn will receive a list of vaccines. Hepatitis B vaccine is given once at birth and again twice more at 1 and 6 months old. The DTap also known as diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine, the Hib or Haemophilus Influenzae type b vaccine, the IPV or inactivated poliovirus vaccine, PCV or pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and the Rotavirus vaccine are given at 2, 4 and 6 months. However at 6 months the IPV can be delivered between 6 months and 18 months because there is no set standard time. At 6 months the flu vaccine is recommended to begin being given annually, between 12 to 15 months is when the Hib, PCV, Varicella, and MMR which stands for measles, mumps, and rubella are given. At 12 – 23 months Hepatitis A vaccine is given as two shots at least 6 months apart. At 15 – 18 months, the Dtap is given. And finally, at 4 – 6 years the DTaP, MMR, IPV, and Varicella are given (cdc.gov, 2013). These immunizations help prepare children for their school years and keep them and other children safe. All of the vaccines are delivered intramuscular and into the vastus lateralis when the child is between the ages of newborn and two years old. Once they pass two years old they can also be delivered intramuscular in the deltoid muscle of the arm. The rotavirus is delivered orally. At the age of seven, the child should have the Tdap,... ... middle of paper ... ...? Retrieved on Jan. 14, 2014 from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/flu-season-2013-2014.htm CDC.gov, 2014. What sort of flu season is expected? Retrieved on Jan 14. 2014 from http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/flu-season-2013-2014.htm Examiner.com, 2009. Immunization Table. Retrieved on Jan. 13, 2014 from http://www.examiner.com/images/blog/wysiwyg/image/2009_immunization_schedule_1.jpg Kidshealth.org, 2013. Immunization Schedule. Retrieved on Jan. 14, 2014 from http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/medical/immunization_chart.html# Medicalnewstoday.com, 2013. One HPV vaccine enough for cervical cancer protection. Retrieved on Jan. 14, 2014 from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/268291.php Tropical.umn.edu. Vaccines for Travel. Retrieved on Jan. 14, 2014 from http://www.tropical.umn.edu/TTM/VFR/English/VFR_immunizations.htm
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