Women, work and inequality: the challenge of equal pay in a deregulated labour market (pp. 141-152). New York: St. Martin's Press. Snyder, T. D., & Dillow, S. (2008). Digest of education statistics 2007.
Society and peers will also help to reinforce her gender as she begins to spend more time outside of her immediate family. In this way, gender is a process, whereas sex is simply a static characteristic based on one’s physical appearance. The more dynamic process of gendering, however, defines “man” and “woman,” teaches one to see and internalize what is expected from one’s gender, and to act according to those expectations (Lorber 2006). When one’s biological sex and one’s internal gender are the same (a female with a vagina or a male with a penis), one is cissexual, or non-transgender. However, when one is born with the inappropriate sexual equipment, one is transgender, or one who feels one gender but has the sex organs of the other.
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994. Nikandam, Roya. “Gender Is Performative in Illusive Beliefs.” English Language & Literature Studies 2, no. 2 (June 2012): 84–88. doi:10.5539/ells.v2n2p84.
), The new maids: Transnational women and the care economy (pp. 18-30). New York: Zed Books. Lutz, H. (2011b). Chapter 8: Migrant women in the globalization trap?
Finding a simple or concrete definition of gender maybe near impossible. Gender roles are what men and woman learn and internalize as the way they are supposed to act. These roles are commonly thought of as natural rather than a construction of culture. Gender is thought to flow from sex, rather then being a matter of what the culture does with sex. This theory is widely and exhaustively debated, according to Wood “Sex is based on biology; Gender is socially and psychologically constructed” (Wood 19).
The theory of gender and its relation to sex, power, femininity and masculinity are detailed first followed by two case studies that prove gender inequality and gender construction in an organized context. The concept of gender refers to the assigned roles that are compatible to an individual’s biological sex. They comprise of full filling the ideologies and attitudes that are demonstrated by a male or female. It is the “genetic characteristics that make a child biologically a girl also contribute significantly to making her feminine and boys are given their masculine traits” (O’Sullivan, p4). In emphasizing the gender theory it has evolved into a social phenomenon “gender is what we think of as normally masculine or feminine” (O’Sullivan, p4).
In current society, social divisions feature a lot on the prospects of people within each society. This essay will explain how the in such concepts as women being forced into unpaid labour, male dominance over females in employment, the sexualisation of women in the media as well as briefly looking into inequalities within violence. Through discussing each of these concepts, we can compare the historical context of gender inequalities to the present day to see if things have improved or deteriorated in modern society. Before looking into the concepts of gender inequalities, we must first explore gender itself which is the division into two groups - men and women. In sociological terms, it has been pointed out by transgender activist Leslie Feinberg that: ‘gender is a key factor that shapes social behaviour and social institutions.’ and ‘gender is ‘understood culturally and theoretically as a dualism.’ (Marsh et al, 216) Gender inequality is definitely something that we often take for granted; it is accepted and seems so normal in society.
Aaron Devor’s argument reflects completely on the concept that society is the major development of how each gender should act placing them in two categories that configures which is which. A male is assigned as masculine due to their aggressive and tough appearance while a female is known to be gentle and passive allowing them to be repres... ... middle of paper ... ...tions that she was supposed to be fit to nurture and care for babies, as that is a woman’s social expectations. Biologically, a woman’s strong estrogen could lead to this desire whereas a high testosterone will focus primarily less on this idea. As opposed to each other, both sides demonstrate the idea of how gender behavior is socially constructed. However one side, Devor, focuses primary on the idea that societal expectations are the major contribution as to how one should act based on their gender.
The fact that not everyone will know this ... ... middle of paper ... ...ow society that their specific gender can achieve what society said they couldn’t. Individuals shouldn’t per say rebel against any authority but instead slowly change the ideas of divisions they have regarding male and female. As a whole we as human beings need to desensitize the divisions we have amongst male and females so that we can instead help each other rather than compete against each other. Works Cited Everett, BG (2013) The Nonlinear Relationship Between Education and Mortality: An Examination of Cohort, Race/Ethnic, and Gender Differences, 32:6, 893-917, DOI: 10.1007/s11113-013-9299-0 Kagari Shibazaki & Nigel A. Marshall (2013) Gender differences in computer and instrumental-based musical composition, Educational Research, 55:4, 347-360, DOI: 10.1080/00131881.2013.844937 Myers, David G. Exploring Social Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994.
In this article, Shaw and Lee describe how the action of labels on being “feminine” or “masculine” affect society. Shaw and Lee describe how gender is, “the social organization of sexual difference” (124). In biology gender is what sex a person is and in culture gender is how a person should act and portray themselves. They mention how gender is what we were taught to do in our daily lives from a young age so that it can become natural(Shaw, Lee 126). They speak on the process of gender socialization that teaches us how to act and think in accordance to what sex a person is.