This is how a person expresses their gender through clothing, body language, or grooming (Ferris, Stein 244). In addition, a person may identify as gender fluid, bigender, trigender, or pangender. These variations are what are known as gender nonconforming. A person who is gender nonconforming is someone whose gender identity or expression is different from what is expected of them from society. The term gender is an intricate topic that is ever changing with
These projections suggest a socially constructed definition of sex and gender, and therefore, can lead to more discussion on how gender and sex are a cycle of social construction and biological determinism. This cycle discussion can continue by looking at Oyewumi's work, when she talks about how society and biology affect each other. If we see that biology does not play a role in defining gender universally, then there has to be other factors that define what it is. These two authors come together in their critiques of the biological binary by acknowledging its presence, but also adding more ways to look at sex and gender.
Gender however is the characteristics that the society depicts as feminine or masculine. This focuses on your gender role in society; your characteristics to the way you present yourself as male or female. It short, your sex is rooted in biology whilst your gender the way you portray your masculinity of
In psychology many different perspectives seek to explain the differences between males and females. In societies they play distinctive roles and are treated and viewed differently. They behave differently too. To compare and contrast the accounts of sex and gender we need to define the terms sex and gender. To examine further we need to examine the key aspects of the biological, evolutionary, social constructionist and psychoanalytical perspectives focusing on similarities and differences regarding their accounts of sex and gender.
Throughout Gendered World sociologist argue that gender and sex are socially constructed instead of being innate. The authors present evidence in regards to history, biology, and contemporary viewpoints using day-to-day examples. Although alternative viewpoints may argue that through a biological perspectives gender and sex is an innate characteristic through deeper examination it can be determined that gender and sex are truly socially constructed. First of all, what are sex and gender? Sex is described as the interaction between genes, hormones, behavior, and the environment.
Gender construction starts from birth. We first get an assignment to a sex based on what our genitalia looks like at birth. From there, babies are dressed based on their sex so they wouldn’t be questioned whether they were female or male. A sex category becomes gender status through naming, dressing, and other uses of gender
In chapter 10, Henslin talks about the issues of gender. In addition, he talks how sex and gender are different from one another. “ When we consider how females and males differ, the first thing that usually comes to mind is sex, the biological characteristics that distinguishes males and females.”(248) Henslin defines sex as a biological attribute. (248) There are two distinct kind of sex a primary, and secondary. Primary sex features are related to the reproduction organs.
“I use the term “sex” only when I was speaking of biological differences between males and females and use “gender” whenever I was referring to the social, cultural, psychological constructs that are imposed upon these biological differences. (Mcelhinny 22). For example, “sex” only has to do with the body and the hormones it produces. A person is born male or female. “Gender” is society’s definition of how a person of either sex should behave.
Transsexuals were biologically the same but chose to be a different gender. Thus the distinction between sex and gender was made. Moreover, it has then been developed to explain the common hierarchal dominance of males over females. This social constructivist stance taken by Stoller is very similar to de Beauvoir. It separates the biological (sex) from the social (gender).