Research Report In the past, disabled students—students with physical and emotional/behavioral problems—were often segregated from the “normal classroom environments.” The segregation of students, either through special schools or home-based tutoring, was justified for various reasons. Separate schools provided specialized services, tailored to meet the educational needs of children with a specific type of handicap. Moreover, this freed the regular public schools of having to provide services and infrastructure needs of the disabled student population (Circle of Inclusion Project, 2003). More recently, there has been a movement towards full inclusion--integrating students with disabilities into regular classes. In 1975, a law was passed that brought about significant changes in the education of children with disabilities and then in 1990 legislation expanded the services for students with disabilities.
It is the responsibility of a school to find ways to best support the learning and growth of children that fall under the umbrella of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Barnard, Prior and Potter describe autism as a “hidden disability”(2000) that the general public doesn’t have a great understanding or awareness of. Due to the lack of visibility in this disorder, many children that have characteristics or tendencies of autism can sometimes fall through the cracks. It is important that schools help to include and integrate children with autism and develop their teacher’s knowledge and teaching so they can assist in these students learning. It is also important to understand what kind of policies and programs schools have in place to help aid and support children with autism.
Really, special education is a about teaching, and finding the appropriate ways to teach those students who may need additional help or who may not be able to learn in a traditional classroom setting. 6.4 million children with disabilities between the ages of 3-21 receive special education services, so there is a real need for great special education teachers in schools. One thing I was really unaware of before taking this course is how many different types of students need special education, and I had a very narrow view of what a disability was. I am now aware that students who receive special education may have speech/language impairments, autism, intellectual disabilities, hearing or vision impairments, emotional disturbances, and many more. You cannot just categorize all students in special education into one category, they are individuals who have individual disabilities and obstacles to
Cultural Diversity and Special Education Sandra Albert Wingate University EL 7095 Dr. Compton Abstract Cultural diversity is increasing in our schools and directly affects how we work with students with disabilities. There is also a disproportionate representation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) students in special education (Chu, 2011). The following paper will explore cultural diversity and the special education referral process including implementation of Response to Intervention (RtI). It will also assess some of the data in Mooresville Graded Schools by looking at gender, race and disability at the elementary level. By understanding the cultural diversity in our school system we can better meet the needs of
This has become a growing problem in this country because it is seen as the easy way out. Schools all over the U.S. are doing this in order to not have to properly test and evaluate students for learning problems. There have been numerous studies done on this topic, from assessing migrant students for special education programs to trying to understand why many language minority students are being put into special education programs. Data during the 1998-1999 school year showed that American Indians and Blacks were over represented in special education programs (National Center for Learning Disabilities [NCLD], n.d.). The term special education is hard to define because recently, it has taken on many new meanings.
They claim children with a disability should receive equivalent access to public education and not be left behind because of an impairment. Many also dispute attempts should be made to develop tests to measure academic achievement. Aron and Loprest state “Reforming special education cannot be done in isolation; it requires integration with reforms being made in general education” (116). However, there are many problems the education system is going to face if children with a disability are integrated into standard classes. If children with disabilities are not isolated then behavioral problem... ... middle of paper ... ...nt tends to be extremely lower than the average student their age.
Disproportionate identification of minority students in special education is a major concern in schools today. This paper describes the issues in the assessment process with minority students and how we have arrived at a situation where minorities are being misdiagnosed into special education programs. Additionally, several legal cases are mentioned which show numerous actions and rulings that have tried to correct the disproportionate identification in special education. Some of the legal cases discussed include Larry P. v Riles, Diana v. State Board of Education, and Guadalupe v. Tempe Elementary School, which all significantly impacted special education today. Additionally, the Individual with Disabilities Education Act has enforced that minority groups must receive an equal education in the least restrictive environment possible.
For those children with a physical disability a variety of switches, optical pointers, voice controlled devices and word prediction software has been designed to overcome the problems these children have using traditional input devices such as the mouse and keyboard. However according to Semerc  these alternative methods of access are more complex than direct input and therefore place an additional cognitive burden on the child. The system therefore needs to be set up so that it does not become an additional barrier. Children need to be competent with input devices such as switches. The technique may take time to develop and opportunities need to be provided to practise these to avoid frustration.
Before the enactment of IDEA, society and schools were unequipped and often unwilling to provide services to students with disabilities. The history of special education can be characterized as one of evolving perceptions, attitudes and resources allotted to individuals with disabilities. In 1975, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was enacted to ensure that students with disabilities are afforded a free appropriate public education. Some of the disabilities included in the statue include hearing and visual impairments, emotional disturbance, speech or language impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury and specific learning disability ( ). The percentage of students receiving special education services increased from 8.3 percent to 13 percent between 1975 and 2011 (U.S. Dept.
A high school diploma and a college degree ensure better jobs and higher income. In recent decades, the importance of literacy skills has become more vital than ever but schools still have many deficiencies. The measures of student performance are on the rise but, many of our youth fall short of graduating high school. Public opinion agrees that changes must be made but have not come to an agreement of what exactly the solution to the problems is. Equal school funding is at the top of my list when it comes to poverty and inequality in the school system.