Assessing the children based on selection and ranking closes out the needy students because they cannot compete with the able students and as such they end up in stigmatization. The special children therefore require different teaching methods which depend on the type of disability. Individual Education Plans (IEPs) help in identifying the student’s needs through the collaboration of the needy student, teachers, parent and specialists (Mitchell, 31). Necessity of inclusive education The inclusion of students with disabilities into normal classes leads to greater success. However, arguments are that teachers tend to spend more time with the special students hoping that the able children will work on their own.
Eventually, lack of educational attainment for a child, despite additional support has great impact on child’s moral and emotional development besides career and growth prospects. Nevertheless, Moyles, J. et al (2002) stated underachievement can be due to various reasons as ethnicity, bullying or social inequality (pg 253). Perhaps, this may be due to growing demands in bigger class size; teachers are unable to attend to individual need of a child. However, stronge et al (2004) stated, an efficient teacher has psychological influence on children, stronger the teacher stronger the achievement (cited Rubio, M. C. 2009, Online). Teachers should encourage the pupil to become independent and effective learners.
Instead of getting the students to regurgitate information when it is test day. In conclusion standardized testing is not an accurate measure of a student’s educational success. One reason is because with all the different factors of student’s teachers and situations identical tests cannot correctly measure how much the student is learning. Also the consequences of preparing and teaching for the test causes severe stress and anxiety to some children. The tests also have many flaws, some may be fixed but it would be a high cost.
The lack of appropriate assessment strategies unfairly puts cultural and language diverse students at a disadvantage. These types of tests are geared towards assessing the majority of the population, not the minority. This poses a serious problem when trying to correctly identify students who may have learning or behavioral problems (Ralabate, & Klotz, 2007). Socioeconomic barriers can limit a student’s success due to a lack of resources, and lower parental involvement. This can impact a student’s performance in school, indicating a possible disability when there might not be one.
Language barriers are a determining factor as well, if English is not the primary language of a student they will have a harder time understanding questions and in turn procure lower scores. More problems arise when students enter high school; students don’t try as hard since standardized tests do not affect class grades. Moreover, scores are influenced by external factors. A child’s emotional or mental state during testing is detrimental to their results. Living conditions along with social status affect testing data as well.
The continual use of standardized tests in assessing ELLs is a problem because these tests often underestimate students’ academic potential and progress. Because of the unfair standardized assessments, ELLs continue to be at-risk for being placed in special education. The article then stated that there needs to more use of authentic curriculum, and more cultural and linguistic diversity in the curriculum to accommodate students and their specific needs. In order to meet more diverse needs, educators should focus on key principles rather than looking for an all-encompassing program for ELLs. The article stated the five principles for Ells with special needs are “learning and developments that facilitates joint productive activities among students, learners’ prior knowledge and learning, educational activities within the context of students’ prior experiences and skills, complex solutions and higher-level thinking, and ongoing verbal dialogue.” In order to have effective curriculum implementation, teaching must emphasize: “academic content relative to students’ culture, background, environment, and prior experiences; multiple content knowledge and skills that are reinf... ... middle of paper ... ... differences in ELL students with special needs, emphasizing that a standardized test will never be able to measure the ability of the individual students.
The majority of English Learning Language students do not perform as well as native English speaker on the standardized tests being used for accountability purpose under the No Child Left Behind. NCLB was created so that schools are held accountable for what students learned throughout the school year. According to Atkinson and Geiser, far from promoting equity and access in college admissions, compared with traditional indications of academic achievement, standardized tests had a more adverse impact on low-income and minority applicants. Standardized tests were closely correlated that other indicators of socioeconomic status and so tended to diminish
People may believe that students should not be mainstreamed just because the disabled children are not good enough to be in classes with all the other students in the school. Some people may have the opinion that pupils with the learning disabilities should be sent to different school and/or classes, simply because there the students would be able to receive the help specifically catered to their disability. In her article, Shah also quotes Whitbread, who says, “Is the child breathing? Then they belong in a regular class. I think that people respond to the civil rights argument, that it’s wrong to separate children.
Many individuals have been affected negatively by trouble makers in school. Troublemakers have either disrupted classes or bullied other students. Yes, trouble makers may harm one’s learning environment, but should they be kicked out of school? Though many individuals argue that troublemakers will not change and hold the class down, they should not be kicked out because they need help. Most of these kids that are disobedient do not know the distinction between right and wrong.
The information will perceive as a problem, and not a learning tool. The intricacy of learning will cause the child to be less focus on its academic learning and the negative attitudes about education will rise. Children with a learning disability may have their skills limited, but the special instruction he/ she receives can help expand and strengthen this s... ... middle of paper ... ...pository Writing in Students with and Without Language-Learning Disabilities.” Language, Speech & Hearing Services In Schools 43.4 (2012): 395-409. Education Research Complete. Web.