Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 33(2), 229-244. doi: 10.1177/1741143205051055 Horng, E., & Loeb, S. (2010). New thinking about instructional leadership. Phi Delta Kappan, 92(3), 66-69. Nettles, S. M., & Herrington, C. (2007). Revisiting the importance of the direct effects of school leadership on student achievement: The implications for school improvement policy.
Understanding the difference between assessment and testing. (2008, January 2). The Faculty Center. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http://facultycenter.stonybrook.edu/articles/understanding-difference-between-assessment-and-testing Zumwalt, C. (2012). Authentic assessment and early childhood education—an update and Resources.
(2009, June 24). Ministry of Education Retrieved September 5, 2011, from http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/extra/eng/ppm/119.html Skerrett, A. (2008). Racializing Educational Change: Melting Pot and Mosaic Influences on Educational Policy and Practice. Journal of Educational Change, 9, 261-280.
Change in public education: What impact is it having upon teachers?. educational HORIZONS, 81(3), 102-106. Retrieved from http://www.pilambda.org/horizons/v81-3/books.pdf Thompson, J. C., Jr. (2003). Controversy and school reform: Lessons in developing greater effectiveness. educational HORIZONS, 81(4), 1-5.
U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved on May 8, 2012 from: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/transitionguide.html Ripley, S. (2008). Intervention: The Earlier, The Better. Excelligence Learning Corporation. Retrieved on May 8, 2012 from: http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?ArticleID=122 The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2011).
It was the belief of the department of education that ... ... middle of paper ... ... A., Ross, S. M., & McDonald, A. J. (2007). Comprehensive School Reform in Middle Schools: The Effects of Different Ways of Knowing on Student Achievement in a Large Urban District. Journal Of Education For Students Placed At Risk, 12(2), 167-183. doi:10.1080/10824660701261128 National Middle School Association. (2003).
History of Single-Gender Education in U.S. Public Schools At the time that the nation was founded, only boys received public schooling while the girls were educated at home, if at all. A cultural shift occurred in the early 1800s, allowing girls to attend school in all-girl classes; however, they only received instruction either before or after the standard school day for the boys. The practice of educating boys and girls together began in several communities in the early 1900s for economic reasons. They also noticed that the girls exerted a moderating influence on boy’s behavior (Bracey, 2006), which is now an argument in favor of creating single-gender classes. Since the beginning of the 20th century, only private schools in the United States had been exclusively all boy and all girl schools, even though there was not a law forbidding the practice in the public schools until the 1972 passage of Title IX legislation.
The ESL Education Debate - Public School Review." Public School Review - Profiles of USA Public Schools. 07 Apr. 2009. Web.
Creating social opportunities for students with autism spectrum disorder in inclusive settings. Intervention in School and Clinic, 46(5), 273-279. Retrieved from: http://web.ebscohost.com Hill, D., Martin, E., & Nelson-Head, C. (2011). Examination of Case Law (2007–2008) Regarding Autism Spectrum Disorder and Violations of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Preventing School Failure, 55(4), 214-225. doi:10.1080/1045988X.2010.542784 Peoria Policy Manual/SECTION J STUDENTS/J-0150 © JB EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES U.S. Department of Education.
Two years later, in 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was born, giving public schools enough money to put the computers in all schools, but unfortunately, not in the classrooms. Computers were used primarily in administration and counseling offices at that point, not addressing the studentsπ instructional needs. President Richard Nixon decelerated the countryπs advances for technology in the classroom. During his presidency numerous programs designed to give more money to the nationπs schools were cancelled. Host computers at this time were also rejected in the school systems, as they were seen to be unnecessary classroom components.