Special Education Placement in Public Schools

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Special Education Placement in Public Schools

History of Public Schools

Before the 1840’s the education system was only available to wealthy people. Individuals such as Horace Mann from Massachusetts and Henry Barnard in Connecticut believed that schooling for everybody would help individuals become productive citizens in society. Through their efforts, free public education at the elementary level become assessable for all children in American by late 19th century. By 1918 all states passed laws that required children to attend elementary school. The Catholics were against this law, so they created their own private schools. In 1925 the Supreme Court passed a law that allowed children to attend private school rather than public school (Watson, 2008).

Facts on Special Education in Public Schools

During the late 1980’s and 1990’s the number of children with learning disabilities receiving special education services grew rapidly, but during 1998 and 2007 the number of children classified as having a LD has declined by 7% (Cortiella, 2009). “In 2007, 59% of students with LD spent 80% or more of their in-school time in general education classrooms. In 2000, that figure was just 40%” (Cortiella, 2009). In addition, students with disabilities are spending more time with students in traditional classroom settings. According to the Department of Education, “approximately 6 million children (roughly 10 percent of all school-aged children) receive special education services” (Pardini, 2011).

Problem Statement

Students are placed into special education courses solely based on IQ.

Purpose of Paper

The study of IQ and how it operates in the education field has been argued through various theories. Theorist such as Howard Garner, R...

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... January

29, 2011 from

Pardini, P. (2011). Rethinking schools. The history of special education. Retrieved January 29,

2011 from

President’s Commission on Excellence in Special Education. (2005). A new era: Revitalizing

special education for children and their families. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of


Watson, S. (2008). How public schools work. The history of public schools. Retrieved January

28, 2011 from

Ysseldyke, J., & Marston, D. (2009). Origins of categorical special education services in schools

and a rationale for changing them. Special education in transition: Functional assessment

and noncategorical programming (pp. 1–18). Longmont, CO: Sopris West.
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