The Importance of Black Soldiers in the Civil War

explanatory Essay
1732 words
1732 words

The American Civil War is perhaps the most important event in U.S. history since the American Revolution. Over half a million men would perish between the Union and Confederate Armies. It is important to know that Ulysses S. Grant was an important figure (perhaps the most important behind Abraham Lincoln) in the war. Many will see him as the hero of the American Civil War. Nevertheless there were others who would play an important role to help the Union win the Civil War. The implementation of black soldiers was crucial to the Union in order to achieve victory against the Confederate Army. Yet, the contributions and accomplishments of black soldiers during the Civil War were overlooked for nearly a century following the Civil War. However, within the last 30 years, many scholars and historians have begun to publish books on the history of black soldiers and their contributions to the Civil War. During the Civil War, free blacks were permitted to serve in the Union Army. But it was not until 1863, that black soldiers would see combat and charge against the confederate armies. It is estimated that around 186,000 African American served the Union Army throughout the war, with the creation of 163 colored regiments. My research paper will focus on the Black regiments of the American Civil War and their importance to U.S. history. Some of the important issues that will be discussed in this paper will include the struggles of black soldiers during the Civil War, from their wage earnings (where most made less money than white soldiers); the clothes they wore (most had no uniforms at all). Also, many of these soldiers had trouble getting the basic necessities like shoes, socks and soap. Other areas I will discuss will be the discriminatio... ... middle of paper ... ...ward G. A Regiment of Slaves: The United States Colored Infantry, 1863-1866. Mechanicsburg: Stackpole, 2003. Preisser, Thomas M. “The Virginia Decision to Use Negro Soldiers in the Civil War, 1864-1865.” The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 83, no. 1 (January 1975): 98-113. Accessed April 14, 2014. Smith, Michael O. “Raising a Black Regiment in Michigan: Adversity and Triumph.” Michigan Historical Review 16, no. 2 (October 1990): 22-41. Accessed April 25, 2014. Ward, Geoffrey C. The Civil War: An Illustrated History. London: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990. Wilson, Keith. “Black Bands and Black Culture: A Study of Black Military Bands in the Union Army during the Civil War.” Australasian Journal of American Studies 9, no. 1 (July 1990): 31-37. Accessed April 5, 2014. http://jstor.or/stable/41054165.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the american civil war was the most important event in u.s. history since abraham lincoln. grant was an important figure in the war.
  • Explains that the civil war began when fredrick douglas asked president abraham lincoln to create a black regiment of around 10,000 men.
  • Explains that many white soldiers were not happy that black soldiers had enlisted to fight alongside them. they were assigned to the most degrading duties and were provided inferior equipment.
  • Explains that the first major battle fought by a colored regiment was the battle of at port hudson, louisiana.
  • Explains that the 4th colored troop was created on july 15, 1863 in the state of maryland.
  • Explains that the struggles for african-american troops continued long after the american civil war ended. black soldiers had to fight for the same pay as white soldiers.
  • Concludes that black soldiers and black regiments were critical in achieving victory against the confederate armies and reuniting a nation.
  • Explains wilson's study of black bands and black culture in the union army during the civil war.
  • Describes brewer, james h., binder, frederick m. and costa, dora l.
  • Cites ervin, jordan l., glatthar, joseph t. and hyslop, stephen g.
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