Assessments allow for teachers to monitor the progress and growth of his/her students, help engage students and help guide teachers as well as students in their decision making. Teachers should know that tests are not the only way to assess students in the classroom. It is important for educators constantly assess their students on comprehension and progression.Teachers can take use of both formal and informal assessments so that they can engage students in their own learning, as well as monitor their comprehension and progress. Standard #7: Planning for Instruction. This standard expresses the importance of supporting students so they can meet higher standards.
According to University of Hawai’i Manoa, developing student learning outcomes “helps students learn more effectively and make clear what students should expect from their educational experience”. For example, it is very important that teachers must show, read out, or write the learning outcomes on the board at beginning of lesson so that student can always refer and look at it to expect what they are going to learn and gain from the lesson. Not only that but, with the help of the teachers and the guiding questions and activities will help the students achieve the lesson outcomes. According to Goucher College, writing a lesson outcome “increased student awareness of their own learning which give students a way to think and talk about what they have learned and make it easier for students to “know what they know” and give them a language to communicate what they know to others. For example, when teacher give questions and activities for students to do, it should be questions and activities that will facilitates students learning and help them met the outcomes.
Relevant (QSA, ACARA,) documents highlight the importance of educational systems lifelong learning this is where students grow not only in knowledge but to become independent of the teacher. Therefore teacher supplied-feedback should give way to self assessment and self monitoring. Some of what the teacher brings to the assessment act itself must become a part of the curriculum for the student. Sadler The validity of student relative teacher judgements in assessment has been explored by many researchers and reported in the education literature .In large part student peer and self grading works best when students share a comprehensive understanding of the assessment criteria and the characteristics of work illustrative of different levels of performance. Boud describes the characteristics of self assessment as the involvement of students in identifying standards and or making criteria and making judgments about the extent to which they met these criteria and standards.
One important aspect to make students’ learning valuable is to focus the planning in setting objectives in terms of desired outcomes (knowledge skills, attitudes, values) that we want our students to develop. By developing clear objectives, students feel that there is a reason for learning. Also, it is important to provide feedback, because it helps students improve their goals’ achievement and solidify their understanding. Teachers need to communicate objectives, in this way students will be able to know what they are doing in class and what they are supposed to learn. Some recommendations for setting objectives in the classroom are: Set learning objectives that are specific but not restrictive: it is important to know the specific standards, benchmarks and supporting learning that students at school are required to learn.
To address this topic further I explain why a teacher should implement a self-monitoring intervention strategy, when to implement self-monitoring, steps of implementation, and available self-monitoring strategies that encourage the student to monitor effectively. Why Implement Self-Monitoring Strategies? Researched-based self-regulating processes include self-monitoring, self-instruction, self-talk, self-evaluation, self-correction, and self-reinforcement. These self-regulatory intervention strategies are useful and adaptable with students that experience academic and behavioral problems. Also, they allow students to become more independent as they learn to identify positive targeted behaviors required for success in the classroom.
Classroom assessments help educators identify students strengths and weakness, monitor student learning and progress as well as plan and conduct instruction. Many question rather to use the more formal standardized testing or authentic learning strategies including the Multiple Intelligence (MI) theory. Classroom assessments can do more than measure learning. How educators access and communicate the results send a clear message to students about what is worth learning, how we expect them to perform as well as how it should be learned. Linking instruction and assessment is critical to effective learning.
The theory I find myself agreeing with the most is the constructivist approach because it is a balance between teacher and student. As a future teacher, I feel it important to have some say in the running of my classroom but I also want the students to feel it is also their classroom. The constructivist approach allows the teacher and students to work as a team but under the direction of the teacher. The teacher provides direction in how the classroom environment should be established, what content will be covered, and conflict resolution. The students are still given options to choose from in each of these category so they feel in control of the learning experience and environment.
This is where classroom management is important for a teacher as ‘the education process, which aims to form positive behaviour on the students, starts at this point’ (Behcet, 2012, p. 2901), the beginning to shape students and gain their respect before it is too late. There is no right or wrong, but finding and creating a system that works for the teacher and the class diversity will promote a positive learning environment for all students. This then relates to my professional practice as going into a new classroom that I am not familiar with and finding a system that works for me to help promote a positive learning environment. The purpose of this study is to determine teachers’ and students’ perspectives in relation to positive classroom management strategies. The following research questions will be addressed from both a teachers and students point of view: 1.
Lesson planning is a map to student learning, the resources teachers use influence student learning. For this reason, it is important to understand how to evaluate instructional material. There are many things to consider when choosing material resources this paper will examine the importance of the design, procedures, clarity, and efficiency when choosing lesson plans. When choosing learning resources teachers need to ensure that all students feel valued, and supported regardless of their cultural and linguistic backgrounds. It is also important that materials chosen will help all students succeed in school regardless of their abilities, backgrounds, cultures, or linguistic differences.
Instructional strategies are essential to be fulfilled in the classroom as it inspires students. Learning can be improved when instructional strategies are tangled to the interest of students. Instructional strategies focuses on educating academic and social skills. Every teacher has a certain goal to achieve with her students in the classroom. To have a successful classroom, a teacher should include several strategies.